- Plural voting
Plural voting is the practice whereby one person might be able to vote multiple times in an
election. It is not to be confused with a plurality voting systemwhich does not necessarily involve plural voting.
United Kingdom, for example, people affiliated with a university could vote in both a university constituencyand their home constituency, and property owners could vote both in the constituency where their property lay and that in which they lived, if the two were different. Some university-educated property owners could even vote in three different constituencies. These practices were abolished by the Representation of the People Act 1948.
In Belgium, plural voting was introduced in 1893 and applied for elections from 1894 to 1919 as a way to limit the impact of
Every male citizen over 25 got one vote for legislative elections, but some electors got up to 2 supplementary votes according to some criteria: [ [http://www.belgium.be/eportal/application?languageRedirected=yes&docId=3448&pageid=contentPage&languageParameter=nl L'évolution du droit de vote] , Belgium.be (official Belgian Portal)] [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=keh_JJginLwC&pg=PA118&lpg=PA118&dq=belgique+%22vote+plural%22&source=web&ots=40axcnLqSN&sig=cYup8-MEjI5WDhKGBaQdOH8XHcs Marie-Thérèse Bitsch, Histoire de la Belgique de l'Antiquité à nos jours] , Bruxelles, Editions Complexe, 2004, ISBN 2804800237] :
*holder of a school diploma;
*family head over 30, paying a
poll taxof at least 5 francs;
*holder of a sparing account of at least 2,000 francs, or beneficiary of a
life annuityof at least 100 francs.
For municipal elections, a fourth vote was granted to family heads who paid a fixed level of electoral tax, or whose cadastral income was at least of 150 francs.
Plural voting, also referred to as "Dual Voting" in
New Zealandabolished when universal suffragearrived in 1889. It was previously available to certain male property owners, and between 1867 and 1889 to all Māorimales of age 21 and over [cite web |url=http://www.elections.org.nz/democracy/key-dates-electoral-reform.html |title=Key dates in New Zealand electoral reform |accessmonthday=May 18 |accessyear=2008 |publisher= Elections New Zealand] .
One man, one vote
Prussian three-class franchise
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