- Athabasca River
river_name = Athabasca River
caption = Athabasca River watershed in western
length = km to mi|1231|abbr=yes|precision=0Cite web|url=http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca/site/english/learningresources/facts/rivers.html#arctic |title=Canadian Rivers |author=Atlas of Canada| authorlink= Atlas of Canada|accessdate=2007-01-16]
elevation = m to ft|1520|abbr=yes|precision=0 (foot of glacier)
mouth_elevation = m to ft|205|abbr=yes|precision=0
discharge = 20,860,000 dam³Cite web|url=http://www3.gov.ab.ca/env/water/basins/BasinForm.cfm|author=Environment Alberta|title=River Basins in Alberta|accessdate=2007-01-16]
watershed = km2 to mi2|95300|abbr=yes|precision=0The Athabasca River (French: "rivière Athabasca") originates from the Columbia Glacier of the
Columbia Icefieldin Jasper National Parkin Alberta, Canada. The impressive and scenic Athabasca Fallsis located upstream about km to mi|30|abbr=yes|precision=0 from the Jasper townsite.
In Woods Cree, the word "aðapaskāw" means " [where] there are plants one after another", [Bright, William (2004). "Native American Place Names of the United States". Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, pg. 52] likely a reference to the spotty vegetation along the river. The
Canadian Heraldic Authorityhas named Athabaska Heraldafter the river.
Sekani, Shuswap, Kootenay, Salish, Stoney and Cree tribes hunted and fished along the river prior to the European colonization. David Thompson and Thomas the Iroquois travelled through the Athabasca Pass in 1811. In 1862, the Atahbasca springs area was crossed during the Cariboo Goldrush.
This river was designated a Canadian Heritage River for its importance to the fur trade and the construction of railways and roads opening up the Canadian west, as well as for its natural heritage. [Cite web|url= http://www.chrs.ca/Rivers/Athabasca/Athabasca_e.htm|author=Canadian Heritage River System|authorlink=Canadian Heritage Rivers System|title=Athabasca River|accessdate=2006-11-12]
Athabasca River originates at the toe of the Columbia Glacier, between Mount Columbia, Snow Dome and the
Sir Winston Churchill Range, in Jasper National Park, at an altitude of approximately m to ft|1600.
The river flows along icefields, through
gorges, offers wildlife habitat on its shores and adjacent marshes. National and provincial parks were established to protect this habitats and landscapes, such as Jasper National Park, Sundance Provincial Park, Carson-Pegasus Provincial Park, Obed Lake Provincial Park, William A. Switzer Provincial Park. The river also crosses the southeast limits of Wood Buffalo National Park, where its course is marked by rapids, impeding navigation north of Fort McMurray. [Cite web| url= http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9010050|title=Athabasca River|year=2006|author=Encyclopædia Britannica|accessdate=2006-09-12|authorlink=Encyclopædia Britannica]
The Athabasca River travels km to mi|1231|abbr=yes|precision=0 before draining into the
Peace-Athabasca Deltanear Lake Athabasca, south of Fort Chipewyan and Wood Buffalo National Park. From there, its waters flow north as Slave Riverinto the Great Slave Lake, which discharges through the Mackenzie Riversystem into the Arctic Ocean. The cumulative drainage area is km2 to mi2|95300|abbr=yes|precision=0.
Snake Indian River
*Cache Petotte Creek
*Marsh Head Creek
Lesser Slave River
*Lawrence Lake Creek
*Baptiste Lake Creek
*La Biche River
*McMillan Lake Creek
Geography of Alberta
List of Alberta rivers
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