Androcentrism (Greek, "andro-", "man, male") is the practice, conscious or otherwise, of placing male human beings or the masculine point of view at the center of one's view of the world and its culture and history. The related adjective is androcentric, while the opposite of androcentrism is
The term androcentrism has been introduced as an analytic concept by
Charlotte Perkins Gilmanin the scientific debate. Perkins Gilman described androcentric practises in society and the resulting problems in her investigation on " The Man-Made World; or, Our Androcentric Culture", published in 1911. Thus androcentrism can be understood as a societal fixationon masculinity. According to Perkins Gilman, masculine patterns of life and masculine mindsets claimed universality while female ones were considered as deviance.
Male and female education
In the past boys and men were expected to have better formal education than girls and women. Before universal literacy girls and women were less frequently able to read and write than boys and men were. Therefore written material tended to reflect the male point of view. This may be true in the
Third Worldtoday. Well into the second half of the 20th Centuryyoung men entered Universityfar more frequently than young women. Some universities consciously practised a Numerus Claususand restricted the number of female undergraduates they accepted. Therefore “Educated Opinion” risked being androcentric. Today women in advanced countries have far better access to education.
* Harding, Sandra and Merrill B. Hintikka, ed. "Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science". 1983.
* Harding, Sandra. "Whose Science? Whose Knowledge?: Thinking from Women's Lives". 1991.
* Fox Keller, Evelyn. "Reflections on Gender and Science". Yale University Press, 1985.
* Harding, Sandra. "The Science Question in Feminism". 1986.
* Ruth Ginzberg, “Uncovering Gynocentric Science,” in "Feminism and Science", ed. Nancy Tuana, (Bloomington, IN: IUP, 1989): 69-84
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