- Wadie Haddad
Dr Wadie Haddad (1927 –
March 28, 1978), a.k.a. "Abu Hani", was a Palestinianmilitant active in the 1960s and 1970s, involved in several terroristattacks.
Haddad was born to Greek Orthodox parents in
Safad, in what is today northern Israel, in 1927. During the 1948 Arab-Israeli Warhis family fled to Lebanon. He studied medicine at The American University of Beirut, where he met fellow Palestinian refugee George Habash. Together they helped found the Arab Nationalist Movement(ANM), a Pan Araband Arab Socialist grouping aiming to liberate the Palestinian territories from Israel.
After graduating, he relocated with Habash (a
paediatrician) to Amman, Jordan, where they established a clinic. He worked with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees(UNRWA) in 1956, but due to his Palestinian nationalistactivism he was arrested by Jordanian authorities in 1957. In 1961, he managed to escape to Syria. Haddad argued for armed resistance against Israeli occupation from 1963 onwards, and succeeded in militarizing the ANM.
Popular Front radical
After the 1967
Six Day War, the Palestinian wing of the ANM transformed into a socialist Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine(PFLP), under the leadership of Habash. Haddad became the leader of the military wing of the group, involved in organizing attacks on Israeli targets. He helped plan the first PFLP airplane hijackingin 1968, when an Israeli El Alplane was captured. He went on arguing for and organizing hijackings, despite criticism against the PFLP from within the Palestine Liberation Organization(PLO).
PFLP - External Operations
Dawson's Field hijackingsof 1970, when PFLP members including Leila Khaledbrought three passenger jets to Jordan, helped provoke the bloody fighting of Black September. After the expulsion of the PLO factions from Jordan, Haddad was subjected to harsh criticism from the PFLP, which was in turn under pressure from the rest of the PLO. Haddad was ordered not to attack targets outside of Israel, but continued operations under the name of Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - External Operations(PFLP-EO).
He also employed the services of
Ilich Ramírez Sánchez, better known as "Carlos the Jackal", whom he had met in 1970 and trained in terrorist techniques. In 1975, however, Haddad decided to expel Sánchez from his team after he had been accused of refusing to execute two hostages and possibly stealing ransom money, after the assault on the OPECconference in Viennaon December 22. In June 1976, Haddad organized the Entebbe hijacking. Haddad was expelled from the organization PFLP in 1973.
Wadie Haddad died on
March 28, 1978, in the German Democratic Republic. According to a recent publicationon [http://metimes.com/articles/normal.php?StoryID=20060505-102327-8910r] , Haddad was poisoned by the Mossadwho had sent him biologically- infected chocolatewhich caused him to die within a month.
What remained of the PFLP-EO dissolved after his death, but in the process spawned the
May 15 Organizationand the PFLP-SC.
Was he a Soviet agent?
Vasili Mitrokhin, a senior KGBarchivist who defected to the UK in 1992, in early 1970 Haddad was recruited by the KGB as an agent, codenamed NATSIONALIST. Thereafter in deep secrecy the Soviets helped to fund and arm the PFLP. The KGB had advance warning of its major operations and almost certainly sanctioned the most significant, such as the September 1970 hijackings. Haddad remained a highly valued agent till his death in 1978. Mitrokhin is not universally regarded as a reliable source.
A letter by
Yuri Andropovallegedly confirming Haddad's role as an agent was independently discovered in Soviet archives by Vladimir Bukovskyand has been published since. Fact|date=February 2007
Bassam Abu Sharifand Uzi Mahnaimi. "The Best of Enemies: The Memoirs of Bassam Abu-Sharif and Uzi Mahnaimi", 1995. ISBN 0-316-00401-4
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