- Garcinia indica
name = "Garcinia indica"
image_width = 240px
image_caption = Kokum fruits, seeds, pulp and rinds.jpg
genus = "
species = "G. indica"
species_authority = Choisy
binomial = "Garcinia indica"
"Garcinia indica" is a
fruit tree, of culinary, pharmaceutical, and industrial uses. The tree is also ornamental, with a dense canopy of green leaves and red-tinged tender emerging leaves. It is indigenous to the Western Ghatsregion of India, along the western coast. It is found in forest lands, riversides, and wasteland, and also gets cultivated on a small scale. It does not require irrigation, spraying or fertilizers.
These plants prefer
evergreen forests, but some also thrive in relatively low-rainfall areas. "Garcinia indica" is known by various names across India-- including Bindin, Biran, Bhirand, Bhinda, Bhrinda, Brinda, Kokum, Katambi, Panarpuli, Ratamba or Amsol. In the English language, it is known by various names, such as mangosteen, wild mangosteen, or red mango.
Further the extract/cocentrate of this fruit is called "AAGOOL". Ready to use for preparation of sol kadhi when mixed with Coconut milk.
The genus Garcinia belonging to the family Clusiaceae includes some 200 species found in the Old World tropics, specially
Asiaand Africa. Out of the 35 species found in India, 17 are endemic. Of these, seven are endemic to the Western Ghatsregion (lying along western coastal India), six in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and four in the North-Eastern region of India.
Called "kokum," "kokam," or "bin'na" in parts of western India, the "Garcinia indica" seed contains 23-26%
oil, which remains solid at room temperature and is used in the preparations of confectionery, medicines and cosmetics. It is used as a slightly bitter spice in recipes from Maharashtraand as a souring agent and substitute for tamarindin curries and other dishes from Coorg. It is also used in Konkani cuisine, in Gujarat, and some cuisines of South India.
Recently, industries have started extracting
hydroxycitric acid(HCA) from the rind of the fruit.Fact|date=September 2007
India's first national seminar on "kokum" or "Garcinia indica" was held
March 4-5, 2005at the Goa University, Goa. Those researching on the crop see it as having a bright future: it is rainfed, doesn't have any pest or diseases apart from the monkey menace, and is almost a "zero-attention" crop.
One paper presented at the Goa seminar (March 2005) suggests that the "Garcinia indica" has medicinal uses both as a digestive tonic, and to cope with paralysis. In the first case, about half to one glass of curry is prepared from the fruits, with a little salt and sugar, to be taken after meals. For paralysis, the clean-chopped stem bark is finely powdered and is added to boiling water. After 2-3 minutes, a lightly cooled decoction is used for washing the affected parts, two to three times a day.
* [http://www.floracafe.com/Resultinfo.asp?resultvalue=Garcinia+indica+Choisy&resultid=1070 Plant database]
* [http://www.uppercrustindia.com/6crust/six/rec2a.htm Article about culinary use of "kokum"]
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