Garcinia indica

Garcinia indica

name = "Garcinia indica"

image_width = 240px
image_caption = Kokum fruits, seeds, pulp and rinds.jpg
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Malpighiales
familia = Clusiaceae
subfamilia = Clusioideae
tribus = Garcinieae
genus = "Garcinia"
species = "G. indica"
species_authority = Choisy
binomial = "Garcinia indica"

"Garcinia indica" is a fruit tree, of culinary, pharmaceutical, and industrial uses. The tree is also ornamental, with a dense canopy of green leaves and red-tinged tender emerging leaves. It is indigenous to the Western Ghats region of India, along the western coast. It is found in forest lands, riversides, and wasteland, and also gets cultivated on a small scale. It does not require irrigation, spraying or fertilizers.

These plants prefer evergreen forests, but some also thrive in relatively low-rainfall areas. "Garcinia indica" is known by various names across India -- including Bindin, Biran, Bhirand, Bhinda, Bhrinda, Brinda, Kokum, Katambi, Panarpuli, Ratamba or Amsol. In the English language, it is known by various names, such as mangosteen, wild mangosteen, or red mango.

Further the extract/cocentrate of this fruit is called "AAGOOL". Ready to use for preparation of sol kadhi when mixed with Coconut milk.

The genus Garcinia belonging to the family Clusiaceae includes some 200 species found in the Old World tropics, specially Asia and Africa. Out of the 35 species found in India, 17 are endemic. Of these, seven are endemic to the Western Ghats region (lying along western coastal India), six in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and four in the North-Eastern region of India.


Called "kokum," "kokam," or "bin'na" in parts of western India, the "Garcinia indica" seed contains 23-26% oil, which remains solid at room temperature and is used in the preparations of confectionery, medicines and cosmetics. It is used as a slightly bitter spice in recipes from Maharashtra and as a souring agent and substitute for tamarind in curries and other dishes from Coorg. It is also used in Konkani cuisine, in Gujarat, and some cuisines of South India.

Recently, industries have started extracting hydroxycitric acid (HCA) from the rind of the fruit.Fact|date=September 2007

India's first national seminar on "kokum" or "Garcinia indica" was held March 4-5, 2005 at the Goa University, Goa. Those researching on the crop see it as having a bright future: it is rainfed, doesn't have any pest or diseases apart from the monkey menace, and is almost a "zero-attention" crop.

One paper presented at the Goa seminar (March 2005) suggests that the "Garcinia indica" has medicinal uses both as a digestive tonic, and to cope with paralysis. In the first case, about half to one glass of curry is prepared from the fruits, with a little salt and sugar, to be taken after meals. For paralysis, the clean-chopped stem bark is finely powdered and is added to boiling water. After 2-3 minutes, a lightly cooled decoction is used for washing the affected parts, two to three times a day.

External links

* [ Plant database]
* [ Article about culinary use of "kokum"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garcinia indica — indinė garcinija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Kliuzijinių šeimos maistinis, prieskoninis, vaisinis, vaistinis augalas (Garcinia indica), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. Iš jo gaminami maisto priedai (kvėpikliai), gaunami kietieji aliejai.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • GARCINIA INDICA CHOISY - ГАРЦИНИЯ ИНДИЙСКАЯ — см. 647. Дерево. G. indica Choisy Г. индийская DC. Prod. 1 (1824) 561. Watt (1908) 553. Bois (1928) 49. Wealth of India 4 (1956) 101, f. S у n. G. celebica Descr.; Brindonia indica Thou.; G. purpurea Roxb. М е с т н. н а з в. Англ. kokam butter,… …   Справочник растений

  • Garcinia indica — ID 36593 Symbol Key GAIN5 Common Name garcinia Family Clusiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy — Symbol GAIN5 Common Name garcinia Botanical Family Clusiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Garcinia indica (Thouars) Choisy — Symbol GAIN5 Common Name garcinia Botanical Family Clusiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Garcinia — subelliptica, known as fukugi in Japan Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Garcinia — Garcinia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garcinia — morella …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garcinia —   Garcinia Garcinia morella …   Wikipedia Español

  • Garcinĭa — M., Gattung der Guttiferen, Bäume und Sträucher mit gegenständigen, meist lederartigen, lanzettlichen oder länglichen, ganzrandigen Blättern, end oder achselständigen, einzeln oder in Trugdöldchen, Trauben oder Bündeln geordneten Blüten und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”