- Azure Dragon
Azure Dragon Depiction of the Qīng Lóng on a tile Chinese name Traditional Chinese 青龍 Simplified Chinese 青龙 Transcriptions Mandarin - Hanyu Pinyin Qīng Lóng Min - Hokkien POJ chheⁿ-lêng or chhiⁿ-lêng Cantonese (Yue) - Jyutping ceng1 lung4 - Yale Romanization cheng1 lung4 Japanese name Kanji 青竜 Hiragana せいりゅう Transcriptions - Revised Hepburn Seiryū - Kunrei-shiki Seiryuu Korean name Hangul 청룡 Transcriptions - Revised
Cheong-nyong Vietnamese name Quốc ngữ Thanh Long
The Azure Dragon is one of the Four Symbols of the Chinese constellations. It represents the east and the spring season. It should not be confused with the mythological yellow dragon that is associated with the Emperor of China. It is also referred to in media, feng shui, other cultures, etc., as the Green Dragon and the Avalon Dragon.
It is known as Qinglong in Chinese, Seiryuu in Japanese, Cheongnyong in Korean, and Thanh Long in Vietnamese. It is sometimes called the Azure Dragon of the East (simplified Chinese: 东方青龙; traditional Chinese: 東方青龍; pinyin: Dōng Fāng Qīng Lóng, or sometimes simplified Chinese: 东方苍龙; traditional Chinese: 東方蒼龍; pinyin: Dōng Fāng Cāng Lóng).
The Seven Mansions of the Azure Dragon
Mansion no. Name (pinyin) Translation Determinative star 1 角 (Jiăo) Horn α Vir 2 亢 (Kàng) Neck κ Vir 3 氐 (Dĭ) Root α Lib 4 房 (Fáng) Room π Sco 5 心 (Xīn) Heart σ Sco 6 尾 (Wěi) Tail μ Sco 7 箕 (Jī) Winnowing Basket γ Sgr
In the novel Shuo Tang Yanyi (Tales of Tang Dynasty), the White Tiger's star is reincarnated as General Luo Cheng (羅成 / 罗成), who served Li Shimin. The Azure Dragon's Star is reincarnated as General Shan Xiongxin (單雄信 / 单雄信), who served Wang Shichong. The two generals are sworn brothers of Qin Shubao (秦叔寶 / 秦叔宝), Cheng Zhijie (程知節 / 程知节) & Yuchi Jingde (尉遲敬德 / 尉迟敬德). After death, their souls are said to possess heroes of the Tang & Liao dynasties, such as Xue Rengui (薛仁貴 / 薛仁贵) & He Suwen (郃苏文).
In other legends, the Tang Dynasty general Xue Rengui is said to be the reincarnation of the White Tiger's Star. While his archenemy, General He Suwen of the Liao Dynasty is said to be the reincarnation of the Azure Dragon's Star.
In Japan, the Azure Dragon is one of the four guardian spirits of cities and is said to protect the city of Kyoto on the east. The west is protected by the White Tiger, the north is protected by the Black Tortoise, the south is protected by the Vermilion Bird, and the center is protected by the Yellow Dragon. In Kyoto there are temples dedicated to each of these guardian spirits. The Azure Dragon is represented in the Kiyomizu Temple in eastern Kyoto. Before the entrance of the temple there is a statue of the dragon which is said to drink from the waterfall within the temple complex at nighttime. Therefore each year a ceremony is held to worship the dragon of the east. In 1983, the Kitora Tomb was found in the village of Asuka. All four guardians were painted on the walls (in the corresponding directions) and a system of the constellations was painted on the ceiling. This is one of the few ancient records of the four guardians.
- ^ "The Chinese Sky". International Dunhuang Project. http://idp.bl.uk/education/astronomy/sky.html. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
- ^ Sun, Xiaochun (1997). Helaine Selin. ed. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 517. ISBN 0-7923-4066-3 (HB). http://books.google.com/books?id=raKRY3KQspsC&pg=PA517. Retrieved 2011-06-25.
- ^ Lee, Ki-Baik; Wagner, Edward W. (1984). A new history of Korea (Translated ed.). Cambridge / Seoul: Harvard University Press / Ilchokak. ISBN 9780674615762. http://books.google.com/books?id=g2mdVwXpMzwC.
Chinese constellations Three enclosures (三垣) Four Symbols (四象) and
Twenty-eight mansions (二十八宿)Center: Yellow Dragon (黃龍): Earth
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