- Sanhedrin (Talmud)
"Sanhedrin" (סנהדרין) is one of ten tractates of the
Nezikin(a section of the Talmudthat deals with damages, ie. civil and criminal proceedings). The Gemaraof the tractate is noteworthy as precursors to the development of common lawprinciples Fact|date=February 2007.
ummary of Sanhedrin
Within the Nezikin, the Sanhedrin focuses on
criminal lawand punishments. The tractate includes eleven chapters, addressing the following topics:
# The different levels of courts and which cases each level presides over
# Laws of the high priest and Jewish king and their involvement in court proceedings
# Civil suits: acceptable witnesses and judges and the general proceedings
# The difference between criminal and civil cases, general proceedings in criminal cases
# Court procedures, including examination of witnesses and the voting of the judges
# Procedures for execution after condemnation, especially stoning
# The 4 types of capital punishments, details of crimes which merit stoning
# The rebellious son, and other crimes for which the offender is killed before committing the actual prohibition, and the commandments which Jews are to die before violating.
# Details of crimes meriting capital punishment by burning or slaying; auxiliary punishments
# Details of crimes meriting capital punishment by choking
World to Come. This chapter is known individually by "Helek", one of its opening words.
This is the order found in the Gemara, but the Mishna has the last 2 chapters reversed in order.
* [http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Talmud/sanhedrin_toc.html Complete Sanhedrin Tractate] Jewish Virtual Library
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