Temperance Fountain

Temperance Fountain

The Temperance Fountain is a fountain and statue located in Washington, D.C. donated to the city in 1882 by Henry D. Cogswell, a dentist from San Francisco, California, who was a crusader in the temperance movement. This fountain was one of a series of fountains he designed and commissioned in a belief that easy access to cool drinking water would keep people from consuming alcoholic beverages.

The fountain has four stone columns supporting a canopy on whose sides the words "Faith," "Hope," "Charity," and "Temperance" are chiseled. Atop this canopy is a life-sized heron, and the centerpiece is a pair of entwined what are supposed to be dolphins, although they apparently have scales. Originally, visitors were supposed to freely drink ice water flowing from the dolphins' snouts with a brass cup attached to the fountain and the overflow was collected by a trough for horses, but the city tired of having to replenish the ice in a reservoir underneath the base and disconnected the pipes.

It sits at the corner of Seventh Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW, near the National Archives and has been called "the city's ugliest statue." The late NBC correspondent Bryson Rash, writing in "Footnote Washington", a 1981 book of capital lore, reported that "these unusual and awkward structures spurred the movement across the country for city fine arts commissions to screen such gifts." In April 1945, Sen. Sheridan Downey of California introduced a resolution to tear it down, but occupied with World War II, Congress ignored it and it died in committee.

The statue was originally a few blocks to the south (at Seventh and Indiana) and ironically sat in front of a busy liquor store, all the while dry itself.

The fountain is also the source of the name for the Cogswell Society, a small group of Washington professionals who have taken it upon themselves to take care of the fountain.

References

* [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A40962-2003Sep20.html ...Toasted Temperance] , "Washington Post", September 21, 2003
*Knutsen, Lawrence, " [http://hannibal.net/stories/030402/opi_0304020003.shtml Political quirks and curiosities] ", "Associated Press", March 4, 2002 (registration required to view)
*Kitsock, Greg, " [http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Park/8386/cogswell.htm All's Well That Ends With a Drink to Cogswell] ", "Washington City Paper", March 6, 1992
*Kitsock, Greg, " [http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Park/8386/cogswell.htm Fountain of Hooch] ", "Washington City Paper", January 3, 1992 (same URL as above, scroll down to see article)
*Rosales, Jean K. and Jobe, Michael R., " [http://www.kittytours.org/thatman2/search.asp?subject=9 Cogswell Temperance Fountain] ", "Who Is That Man, Anyway?", Kitty Tours.
*Rockville,Connecticut Unveils Restored Cogswell Fountain " [http://www.rockvillect.com/Cogswell/fountain.htm] " Includes photos, and background on the Cogswell Fountains in genera; news stories, history and links.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temperance "Bones" Brennan — For the character in Kathy Reichs novels, see Temperance Brennan. Temperance Brennan Bones character Photograph of Brennan, as portrayed by Emily Deschanel …   Wikipedia

  • Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association — Advertisement from Burke s Peerage, 1879. The Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association was an association set up in London by Samuel Gurney an MP and philanthropist and Edward Thomas Wakefield, a barrister in 1859 to provide… …   Wikipedia

  • Henry D. Cogswell — Dr. Henry Daniel Cogswell (March 3, 1820 ndash; July 8 1900) was a dentist and a crusader in the temperance movement. He and his wife Caroline also founded Cogswell College in Sunnyvale, California. Another campus in Everett, Washington was later …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in central Washington, D.C. — Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington, D.C. This is a list of properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the central area of Washington, D.C. For the purposes of this list… …   Wikipedia

  • Cogswell Society — The Cogswell Society is a social group founded in 1972 by employees of the Federal Trade Commission, whose office neighbors the landmark Temperance Fountain designed by Henry D. Cogswell. The society, which meets monthly at various bars around… …   Wikipedia

  • Malvern water — This article is about natural Malvern spring water. For the bottled product, see Malvern Water (bottled water). St. Ann s Well, Great Malvern, a popular café for walkers on the hills. The building on the right houses the spout from which the… …   Wikipedia

  • Union Square (New York City) — Infobox nrhp | name =Union Square nrhp type =nhl caption =Union Square location= New York, NY area = built =1882 (laid out c.1832) [cite web | url = http://www.nycgovparks.org/sub about/parks history/historic tour/history new metropolis.html |… …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in the District of Columbia — This is a list of historic properties and districts in the District of Columbia on the National Register of Historic Places.: This National Park Service list is complete through [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/nrlist.htm NPS recent listings]… …   Wikipedia

  • David Ward King — David Ward King, Inventor of the King Road Drag David Ward King (October 27, 1857 – February 9, 1920), a farmer who lived near Maitland, Missouri, was the inventor of the King road drag. His invention, which was the horse drawn forerunner of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Soda shop — is a business akin to an ice cream parlor and a drugstore soda fountain. Interiors were often furnished with a large mirror behind a marble counter with gooseneck spouts, plus spinning stools, round marble topped tables and wireframe sweetheart… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”