- Run batted in
Run batted in or RBI is a statistic used in
baseball, softballand dartballto credit a batter when the outcome of his at-bat results in a run being scored, except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play. The first team to track RBI was the Buffalo Bisons.
Common nicknames for RBI include "Ribby", and "Rib". The term may be pluralized as either "RBI" or "RBIs".
Major League Baseball Rules
The official rulebook of
Major League Baseballstates in Rule 10.04:quote|(a) The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores:
(1) unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit (including the batter's home run), sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, or a
passed ball, unless Rule 10.04(b) applies;
(2) by reason of the batter becoming a runner with the bases full (because of a
base on balls, an award of first base for being touched by a pitched ball or for interference or obstruction); or
(3) when, before two are out, an error is made on a play on which a runner from third base ordinarily would score.
(b) The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in
(1) when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; or
(2) when a fielder is charged with an error because the fielder muffs a throw at first base that would have completed a force double play.
(c) The official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in; if the runner stops and takes off again when the runner notices the misplay, the official scorer should credit the run as scored on a fielder's choice.
The perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, Career RBIs are often cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics, particularly within the field of
sabermetrics, argue that RBIs do a better job of measuring the quality of the lineup than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base (the exception to this being a solo home run, in which the batter is credited with driving himself in). This implies that better offensive teams -- and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base -- tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting team.
RBI leaders in
Major League Baseball
Totals are current through games of 9/5/07. Active players in bold.
Hank Aaron- 2,297
Babe Ruth- 2,217
Cap Anson- 2,076
Barry Bonds- 1,996
Lou Gehrig- 1,995
Stan Musial- 1,951
Ty Cobb- 1,937
Jimmie Foxx- 1,922
Eddie Murray- 1,917
Willie Mays- 1,903
Hack Wilson(1930) -191
Lou Gehrig(1931) - 184
Hank Greenberg(1937) - 183
Jimmie Foxx(1938) - 175
Lou Gehrig(1927) - 175
Jim Bottomley( September 24, 1924), Mark Whiten( September 7, 1993)
Wilbert Robinson( June 10, 1892), Tony Lazzeri( May 24, 1936), Phil Weintraub( April 30, 1944)
10 - by 12 major league players, most recently
Garret Anderson( August 21, 2007)
Fernando Tatis( April 23, 1999) - 8
Ed Cartwright( September 23, 1890) - 7
Major league baseball kept record of game-winning RBIs in the years 1980-1988 [http://www.baseball-almanac.com/rb_gwrbi2.shtml] . The game-winning RBI was credited to the batter whose
at-batwas responsible for bringing his team ahead for the final time in the game. For example, if a batter on the winning team brought his team ahead 3-2 from a 2-2 tie at some point during the game, his team later led 5-2 as a result of other batters, and then the opposing team scored two more runs before the final score was 5-4, the batter on the winning team who batted in the third run would be credited with the game-winning RBI, even though the losing team scored four runs. The debate over whether the RBI should be credited to the "Run 3 batter" or the "Run 5 batter" in these situations led to the statistic being abolished.
Game-winning RBI records
Keith Hernandezhad 129 game-winning RBIs while these records were kept, more than any other player. Eddie Murrayhad the most in the American League.
*Hernandez also had the most in a single season (24 in 1985).
Mike Greenwellhad the most in the American League (23 in 1988).
Wally Joyner, Jose Canseco, and Mark McGwireeach had 14 in their rookie years, the most for a rookie.
Kirk Gibsonhad the game-winning RBIs in five consecutive games in 1986
List of Major League Baseball RBI Records
List of Major League Baseball players with 1000 RBIs
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