Reformed Church in Hungary

Reformed Church in Hungary

The Hungarian Reformed Church (Magyarországi Református Egyház in Hungarian) is a key representative of the Magyar Christianity, being numerically the second-largest denomination in Hungary, after the Roman Catholic Church, and the biggest denomination among ethnic Hungarians in Romania.

History

During the Reformation, Hungary was struggling to resist the influence of the Austrian and Holy Roman Empires.

Some German-speaking students from Hungary in Wittenberg brought Lutheran ideas to their home in 1524. In order to gain support Ferdinand I and Maximilian II (1564-76) allowed some nobles and cities to choose their religion.Most of the Germans adopted the Lutheran doctrines and organized their church at the Synod of Erdod, in 1545, while the Magyars organized their church at the Synod of Czenger in 1557, and at the Debrecen Synod of 1567 the Helvetic Confession was adopted.

When in 1606 Emperor Rudolph II suppressed religious liberty, Prince István Bocskay of Transylvania, allied with the Ottoman Turks, achieved autonomy for Transylvania, including guaranteeing religious freedom in the rest of Hungary for a short time. Then, religious persecution lasted until the mid-19th century.

The Church was closely linked with Hungarian nationalism, attaining full liberty in the revolutionary year of 1848. The revolt was decisively put down by the Habsburgs, but the 1867 accord with Austria, resulting in the dual monarchy, gave near-independence to Hungary. After WWI, Transylvania was incorporated into Romania, dividing the Church. The church struggled for its survival during the Communist regime, especially after the 1956 Revolution. Emigration also helped to spread the Reformed faith of the Hungarians throughout the world.

Practices

Organization

The Reformed Church in Hungary is the only Reformed church with an episcopal form of church government. Today (2005) there are 22 Hungarian Reformed denominations. The Reformed Church in Hungary consists of four Districts headed by Bishops, almost 30 presbyteries with 1,500 churches, with a membership of around 2.4 million. There is a fraternal body, the World Federation Reformed Hungarians, with members in about 20 countries. The RCH is member of the World Alliance of Reformed Churches and the World Council of Churches.

Hungarian Churches in addition to RCH

*Reformed Church in Hungary
*Reformed Church in Romania - with two districts (Transylvania and Oradea/Nagyvarad 'Kiralyhagomelleki'), 725,000 members in almost 800 parishes.
*Slovakian Reformed Christian Church - Komarno (Komárom)
*Reformed Church in Carpathian Ukraine - Beregovo (Beregszász)
*Yugoslavian Reformed Christian Church - Feketics
*Hungarian Reformed Christian Church in Croatia - Kopács (Kopacevo)
*Slovenian Reformed Church - Szécsiszentlászló
*Hungarian Reformed Pastoral Ministry in Western Europe - based in Lund, Sweden, serving the Hungarian Diaspora in Europe
*Hungarian Reformed Church in America - Poughkeepsie, N.Y
*Calvin Synod Conference of the United Church of Christ, Perth Amboy, N.J.
*Hungarian Reformed Church in Canada - Delhi, Ontario
*South-American Hungarian Reformed Church - Buenos Aires
*Hungarian Reformed Church of Australia - Victoria, Australia
*Christian Reformed Church of Brazil - São Paulo

External links

*Official site [http://www.reformatus.hu/] (in Hungarian)
*Hungarian Reformed Church in America [http://www.hrca.us]
*Calvin Synod of the UCC [http://www.calvinsynod.org]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Reformed Church in Hungary — ▪ Hungarian Protestant denomination Hungarian  Magyarországi Református Egyház,         Reformed church that developed in Hungary during and after the 16th century Protestant Reformation. The influence of the Reformation was felt early in Hungary …   Universalium

  • Dutch Reformed Church — For other uses, see Dutch Reformed Church (disambiguation). Not to be confused with Reformed Churches in the Netherlands. Dutch Reformed Church Classification Protestant Orientation Reformed Origin …   Wikipedia

  • Sub-Carpathian Reformed Church — The Sub Carpathian Reformed Church (SCRC) ( uk. Закарпатська Реформатська Церква) is a Christian Protestant association in Ukraine which declares its foundations on the works of Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin written during the 1520s and 1530s …   Wikipedia

  • Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church — Infobox University name = Károli Gáspár University of the Hungarian Reformed Church native name = Károli Gáspár Református Egyetem image size = caption = latin name = motto = mottoeng = established = 1855 closed = type = affiliation = endowment …   Wikipedia

  • Hungary —    In the Reformation era, Hungary was divided into three parts: the western region ruled by the Austrian Habsburgs, the central area ruled directly by the Ottoman Turks, and Transylvania, an autonomous region under Ottoman suzerainty.… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Reformed churches — Calvinism John Calvin Background Christianity …   Wikipedia

  • Hungary — • History of the country Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Hungary     Hungary     † Cathol …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Reformed Churches — • Protestant bodies which adopted the tenets of Zwingli and, later, the doctrinal principles of Calvin Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Reformed Churches     Reformed Churches …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Reformed and Presbyterian churches — ▪ Christianity Introduction       name given to various Protestant churches that share a common origin in the Reformation in 16th century Switzerland. Reformed is the term identifying churches regarded as essentially Calvinistic in doctrine. The… …   Universalium

  • Reformed/Presbyterian tradition —    The churches of the Reformed and Presbyterian tradition trace their shared history to the teachings and ministry of John Calvin (1509 64) and the 16th century Protestant Reformation in Switzerland. Calvin, a Frenchman, assumed leadership of… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”