Earl King

Earl King

Infobox musical artist
Name = Earl King


Img_capt = Earl King on stage at the New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival, 1997
Img_size =
Background = solo_singer
Birth_name = Earl Silas Johnson IV
Alias =
Born = birth date|1934|2|7|mf=y
Died = death date and age|2003|4|17|1934|2|7|mf=y
Origin = New Orleans, Louisiana
Instrument = Vocals, Guitar
Genre = Blues
Occupation = Musician, Songwriter
Years_active = 1953–2001
Label =
Associated_acts =
URL =
Current_members =
Past_members =

Earl King (February 71934April 172003 [http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&searchlink=EARL|KING&sql=11:l2jw7iajg77r~T1 Earl King Biography on Allmusic.com] ] [http://www.cascadeblues.org/History/king_earl.htm "Earl King" by Greg Johnson] ] ) was a singer, guitarist, and songwriter, most active in blues music. Being a composer of well known standards such as "Come On" (covered by Jimi Hendrix), and Professor Longhair's "Big Chief", he is considered to be one of the most important figures in New Orleans R&B music and beyond.

History

King was born with the name Earl Silas Johnson IV [http://www.musicianguide.com/biographies/1608003810/Earl-King.html Musician Biographies: Earl King] ] in New Orleans, Louisiana. His father, a local piano player, died when King was still a baby, and he was brought up by his mother. With his mother, he started going to church at an early age. In his youth he sang gospel music, but took the advice of a friend to switch to blues to make a better living.

King started to play guitar at age 15. Soon he started entering talent contests at local clubs including the Dew Drop Inn. It was at one of those clubs where he met his idol Guitar SlimOffBeat magazine, June 2003 issue "The Legacy Of Earl King"] . King started imitating Slim, and his presence gave a big impact on his musical directions. In 1954, when Slim was injured in an automobile accident (right around the time Slim had the #1 R&B hit with "The Things That I Used To Do"), King was deputized to continue Slim's band tour, representing himself as Slim. After succeeding in this role, King became a regular at the Dew Drop Inn.

His first recording came in 1953. He released a 78 "Have you Gone Crazy b/w Begging At Your Mercy" on Savoy label as Earl Johnson. The following year, talent scout Johnny Vincent introduced King to Specialty label and he recorded some sides including "Mother's Love" which created a little stir locally. In 1955, King signed with Johnny Vincent's label, Ace. His first single from the label "Those Lonely, Lonely Nights" become huge hit reaching #7 on the R&B chart. [ [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jifpxq95ld0e~T5 Allmusic.com Billboard singles] ] He continued to record during his stay at the label which lasted for 5 years, and during the time, he also he started writing songs for other artists such as Roland Stone and Jimmy Clanton.

In 1960, Dave Bartholomew invited King to record for the Imperial label. At Imperial, he was backed by host of musicians including Bob and George French, James Booker, and Wardell Quezergue, not to mention Dave Bartholomew. It was at this label he recorded his signature songs "Come On" and "Trick Bag". (the former of which remained a much covered standard for decades especially for Jimi Hendrix, Stevie Ray Vaughan and Anson Funderburgh. The latter has also been widely covered including the version by the pop singer Robert Palmer.)

Imperial went belly up in 1963, and for the remainder of the 1960s King went without a recording contract. During this time, he mostly concentrated in producing and songwriting for local labels NOLA and Watch. His compositions from this era includes Professor Longhair's "Big Chief", Willie Tee's "Teasin' You", and Lee Dorsey's "Do-Re-Mi". He also went to Detroit for an audition with Motown Records and recorded a few tracks in the mid 60's. (3 tracks from the session appeared on CD "Motown's Blue Evolution" released in 1996.)

In 1972, he was joined by Allen Toussaint and the Meters to record the album "Street Parade". Though Atlantic initially showed interest in releasing it, they eventually declined. The title cut "Street Parade" was released as a single from Kansu label at the time, but the rest had to wait till 1982 to see the light of the day when the album was finally released by Charly in UK.

During the 1970s, he recorded another album "That Good Old New Orleans Rock 'n Roll" which was released by Sonet in 1977. He also is on "New Orleans Jazz & Heritage Festival 1976" album.

In the early 1980s, he met Hammond Scott, co-owner of Black Top Records and started to record for the label. The first album "Glazed", backed up by Roomful of Blues was released in 1986. Second Album "Sexual Telephathy" came in 1990. It featured Snooks Eaglin as a guest on 2 tracks, and also Ronnie Earl & The Broadcasters backed him up on some tracks. His third from the label "Hard River To Cross" (1993) was backed by stalwarts such as George Porter, Jr., David Torkanowsky, and Herman V. Ernest, III, and probably the most solid effort among his Black Top releases. Though he sounds well on this release, his health slowly went downhill thereafter, and he did not record again before he died in 2003.

In fall of 2001, he was hospitalized for an illness during a tour to New Zealand, however, that did not stop him from performing. In December of the same year, he toured Japan [ [http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/bluesy/ptbf/history.html Park Tower Blues Festival History] ] , and he continued to perform off and on locally in New Orleans until his death.

He died on April 17, 2003, just a week before the New Orleans Jazz Fest. His funeral was held during the Fest period on April 30, and many musicians including Dr. John, Leo Nocentelli and Aaron Neville were in attendance. His Imperial recordings, which have been long out-of-print, were reissued on CD soon after he died. The June 2003 issue of a local music magazine OffBeat paid a tribute to King by doing special articles on him.

Discography

Original Albums

* 1982 "Street Parade" (Charly, recorded in 1972)
* 1977 "That Good Old New Orleans Rock 'n Roll" (Sonet)
* 1986 "Glazed" (Black Top)
* 1990 "Sexual Telepathy" (Black Top)
* 1993 "Hard River To Cross" (Black Top)

Compilations

* 1982 "Trick Bag" (Imperial/Pathe Marconi) Imperial
* 1997 "Earl's Pearls: The Very Best of Earl King 1955-1960" (Westside) Ace
* 2003 "Come On: The Complete Imperial Recordings" (Okra-Tone) Imperial
* 2006 "The Chronological Earl King 1953-1955" (Classics) Savoy, Specialty, Ace

References

External links

* [http://allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&searchlink=EARL|KING&sql=11:l2jw7iajg77r~T1 Earl King Biography on Allmusic.com]
* [http://images4.fotki.com/v50/photos/2/23376/41432/earlking-vi.jpgPhoto of Earl King outside the Maple Leaf bar, circa 1989, with Karla Linden and Fran Galloway.] Picture courtesy of Karla Linden.
* [http://www.cascadeblues.org/History/king_earl.htm "Earl King" by Greg Johnson] Article Reprint from the October, 2003 BluesNotes
* [http://www.archive.org/details/rad1994-02-11.flac16 Live Concert Recording] from the Internet Archive of The Radiators with Earl King as guest.
* [http://www.cascadeblues.org/History/king_earl.htm Cascade Blues]
* [http://www.bluesartstudio.at/NeueSeiten/EarlKing.html Earl King Story by Larry Benicewicz]
* [http://members.jcom.home.ne.jp/bluesy/earl/ Earl King Discography] (Japanese)

Persondata
NAME=King, Earl
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Johnson, Earl Silas IV
SHORT DESCRIPTION=American songwriter and guitarist
DATE OF BIRTH=February 7, 1934
PLACE OF BIRTH=New Orleans, Louisiana
DATE OF DEATH=April 17, 2003
PLACE OF DEATH=New Orleans, Louisiana


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