Celestial Eye

Celestial Eye

Celestial eye goldfish or Choten gan [ [http://www.hagen.com/usa/aquatic/more.cfm "Fishes in Nature and in the Aquarium" from Nutrafin News Aquatic magazine, Rolf C. Hagen (U.S.A.) Inc. and Rolf C. Hagen Corp. (Montreal, Canada), Issue #4, 2004] ] is a double-tailed breed of fancy goldfish that has a breed-defining pair of telescope eyes which are turned upwards, pupils gazing skyward."An Interpet Guide to Fancy Goldfish" by Dr. Chris Andrews, Interpet Publications, 2002. - ISBN 1-902389-64-6] When the fry hatch, the eyes of young Celestials are normal but gradually protrude sideways, as in the Telescope eye goldfish, and then turn upwards within a period of six months. [ [http://petcaretips.net/celestial-eye-goldfish.html Free Information Keeping Celestial Eye Goldfish ] ] .


Celestials first appeared as a direct mutation of the Telescope goldfish in the 18th century. Competing traditions lay claim as to exactly where this happened first, Korea or China. The first documentation that Celestials existed appears on a Chinese scroll of 1772, where a goldfish lacking a dorsal fin and possessing protuberant upturned eyes is depicted. Celestials did not arrive in Japan until 1903 when thirty specimens arrived from China and became the foundation stock for Japanese breeders. Japan quickly became the leading producer of Celestials for export. This remained so until the outbreak of World War II. Celestials arrived in the United States from Japan in the first decade of the twentieth century and were included in the first edition of William T. Innes's "GOLDFISH VARIETIES AND TROPICAL AQUARIUM FISHES" in 1917. American fanciers successfully bred the fish and, in turn, exported foundation stock to Great Britain, where there is a small but devoted band of breeders propagating the fish to this day. After World War II, and ever since, the vast majority of Celestials exported from Asia are of Chinese origin. A Celestial goldfish is depicted on a postage stamp issued in 1960 by the People's Republic of China.


The Celestial is a relatively small variety of goldfish that has a torpedo-shaped body similar to the Bubble Eye. Like the Bubble Eye, the Celestial does not have a dorsal fin. Their paired fins are of the Fantail or Ryukin type. The caudal may be half as long, to as long, as the body. They are most commonly seen with metallic scales colored various shades of orange (called 'red' by fanciers), white, or red and white (pictured). Celestials with nacreous scales are known but rarely seen. Despite their limited vision and their lack of a dorsal fin, they are active and agile swimmers. They do require some special attention since, apart from sporting easily damaged upward-oriented eyes, and having limited vision, they are also sensitive to cold water temperatures. They are unable to compete with more vigorous goldfish for food. Sharp ornaments and objects in the aquarium are contraindicated. They are best kept with other limited-vision breeds (i.e the Bubble Eye) or in a tank of their own. ["Fancy Goldfish: A Complete Guide to Care and Collecting" by Dr. Erik L. Johnson, D.V.M. and Richard E. Hess, Weatherhill, Shambala Publications, Inc., 2006. - ISBN 0-8348-0448-4]


The original Celestial breed, described above, is still bred and exported by Chinese and Japanese breeders and is commercially available to fanciers, though they are not as commonly stocked by aquarium shops and dealers as some other goldfish varieties. It is this 300-year old form that is described in the American standard adopted by the American Goldfish Association and the Goldfish Society of America. British fanciers prefer their Celestials to have deeper, egg-shaped bodies and shorter fins, and have selectively bred for these features as required by the British standard. In recent decades, the Chinese have crossed Celestials with several other breeds, most commonly Lionheads, Ranchus and Hana fusas (Pompons), producing much larger fish with short ranchu-like fins and very deep, blocky bodies, often with narial 'bouquets' (pompons) and rudimentary headgrowths. Some of these crosses tend to be less animated swimmers, especially those that possess a sharply downturned, ranchu-like caudal peduncle with flared caudal fins, traits which are otherwise uncharacteristic for the breed. Such fish can be quite sendentary, spending most of their time at or near the bottom of the aquarium; however, a more expansive color range can be found among these hybrids, with metallic specimens appearing in chocolate, black and various bi-colors in addition to the standard metallic colors, and nacreous fish seen in bi-color, tri-color and calico. These hybrids are not generally available commercially outside Asia but can be acquired through specialist dealers and importers. The Deme-ranchu, is identical to the Celestial in conformation save for its telescopic eyes which do not turn upward. In any spawning of Celestials, many fry will be found to mature with telescopic eyes that never turn upwards. These fish are identical to deme-ranchu. The Toadhead or Hama-tou in Japanese, is similar to the Celestial in having upward-turned eyes, though they are not protuberant, each supporting a small bladder-like growth beneath it. The toadhead is more likely a precursor to the Bubble eye.


*Innes, Dr William T. "The Sacred Fish of Korea," AQUARIUM HIGHLIGHTS, Innes Publishing Co. Philadelphia, 1951.
* Innes, Dr. William T. GOLDFISH VARIETIES AND TROPICAL AQUARIUM FISHES, 9th Edition, Innes Publishing Co, Philadelphia, 1926.
*Matsui, Dr. Yoshiichi, GOLDFISH GUIDE, 2nd Edition, TFH Publications, Inc, Neptune, N.J. 1981
*Hervey, G.F. & Hems, J. THE GOLDFISH, 1st Edition, Batchworth Press, London, 1948.

ee also

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Celestial spheres — Not to be confused with celestial sphere. For other uses, see Celestial (disambiguation). Geocentric celestial spheres; Peter Apian s Cosmographia (Antwerp, 1539) …   Wikipedia

  • Celestial horizon — Horizon Ho*ri zon, n. [F., fr. L. horizon, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?) the bounding line, horizon, fr. ? to bound, fr. ? boundary, limit.] 1. The line which bounds that part of the earth s surface visible to a spectator from a given point; the apparent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • celestial horizon — Horizon Ho*ri zon, n. [F., fr. L. horizon, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?) the bounding line, horizon, fr. ? to bound, fr. ? boundary, limit.] 1. The line which bounds that part of the earth s surface visible to a spectator from a given point; the apparent… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • celestial mechanics — the branch of astronomy that deals with the application of the laws of dynamics and Newton s law of gravitation to the motions of heavenly bodies. [1815 25] * * * Branch of astronomy that deals with the mathematical theory of the motions of… …   Universalium

  • Celestial Monarch — Taxobox name = Celestial Monarch status = VU | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves ordo = Passeriformes familia = Monarchidae genus = Hypothymis species = H. coelestis binomial = Hypothymis coelestis… …   Wikipedia

  • celestial telescope — noun : a variety of telescope goldfish in which the eye pupils are directed upward …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bubble Eye — The Bubble Eye is a small variety of fancy goldfish with upward pointing eyes that are accompanied by two large fluid filled sacs.It is a dorsal less fish, and good specimens will have a clean back and eye bubbles well matched for colour and size …   Wikipedia

  • Mammalian eye — Eye Schematic diagram of the human eye …   Wikipedia

  • Cthulhu Mythos celestial bodies — The following fictional celestial bodies figure prominently in the Cthulhu Mythos stories of H. P. Lovecraft and other writers. Many of these astronomical bodies have parallels in the real universe, but are often renamed in the mythos and given… …   Wikipedia

  • Ceres, Celestial Legend — sex First volume of the original Japanese release of the Ceres, Celestial Legend manga 妖しのセレス (Ayashi no Cer …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”