- Francesco Bartolozzi
Francesco Bartolozzi (
September 25 1725- March 7 1815) was an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London.
He was born in
Florence. He was originally destined to follow the profession of his father, a gold- and silver-smith, but he manifested so much skill and taste in designing that he was placed under the supervision of two Florentine artists, including Ignazio Hugfordand Giovanni Domenico Ferrettiwho instructed him in painting. After devoting three years to that art, he went to Veniceand studied engraving. He particularly admired the work of Joseph Wagner[Ticozzi, p117.] . His first productions in Venice were plates in the style of Marco Ricci, Zuccarelli, and others, while working for Wagner, which began to draw attention. He then moved for a short time to Rome, where he completed a set of engravings representing frescoes at Grottaferrata by Domenichinodepicting the "life of St Nilus". He soon returned to Venice and left for Londonin 1764.
For nearly forty years he lived in London. He produced an enormous number of engravings, including "Clytie" after
Annibale Carracci, and of the Virgin and Child, after Carlo Dolci. A great proportion of them are from the works of Cipriani and Angelica Kauffmann. Bartolozzi also contributed a number of plates to Boydell's Shakespeare Gallery. He also drew sketches of his own in red chalk. Soon after arriving in London, he was appointed engraver to the king with a salary of £300 a year. He was elected a founding member of the Royal Academyin 1768, and in 1802 became the founding President of the short-lived Society of Engravers.
Bartolozzi achieved a technological breakthrough by inventing a new stipple technique of colored engraving, in which he successfully reproduced the famous colored portrait drawings of
Holbeinfrom the Royal collection in 1793.
In 1802, Bartolozzi accepted the post of director of the National Academy of
Lisbon, the city where he died. His son Gaetano Stefano Bartolozzi, born in 1757, was also an engraver, and the father of Madame Vestris.__NOTOC__
Ticozzi and Bryan both published lists of his output, including:
*"Abraham and the Angels".
*"The Miracle of the Manna".
*"Job abandoned by his Friends".
*"Charity", an oval; inscribed "Ipse feci ".
*"The Origin of Painting" (1787).
*"The Virgin and Infant"; (circular).
Etchings after masterworks
*"St. Francis of Sales triumphs over Heresy"; after
*"St. Luke paints the Portrait of the Virgin"; after Cantarini.
*"The Adulteress before Christ"; after
*"Roland and Olympia", "Clytie", and other drawings in the Royal Collection after
*A set of eight subjects; after
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione.
=Etchings after Cipriani=
*"The Parting of Achilles and Briseis".
*"Hector takes leave of Andromache".
*"Chryseis restored to her Father".
*"The Death of Dido".
*"Jupiter and Juno on Mount Ida".
*"Venus presenting the Cestus to Juno".
*"Venus attired by the Graces ".
*"Tancred and Herminia" and "Tancred and Clorinda".
*"Shakespeare crowned by Immortality
*"Socrates in Prison".
*"Penelope lamenting Ulysses".
*"Telemachus and Mentor in the Isle of Calypso".
*"Paulus Emilias educating his Children".
*"Coriolanus appeased by his Family".
*"Rachel hiding Idols from her Father" and "Laocoon attacked by Serpents"; after
Pietro da Cortona.
*"The Death of Lord Chatham; after Copley.
*"The Virgin and Infant; after
*A set of thirteen plates from the frescoes of
*A set of 33 drawings by
Guercinoin the Royal Collection.
*A set of Portraits by
Hans Holbein the Younger, including two portraits of Henry and Charles Brandon, sons of Henry VIII; the Dukes of Suffolk, and Lady Meutas
*"The Interview of Edgar and Elfrida after her Marriage with Athelwold".
*Portraits of "Cignani" and "
Pietro da Cortona"; after Maratta.
*"The Fair Moralist and her Pupil"; after
*"Prometheus’ liver devoured by Vulture"; after
*"Bust of Michelangelo".
*"King John ratifying Magna Charta"; after Mortimer.
*"Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi"; after West.
*"A Collection of Gems", designed by various artists, engraved by Bartolozzi.
*"Mary, Queen of Scots, and her Son"; after Zucchero.
*"The Hours"; after
Maria Cosway, ('Vide Gray's Ode to Spring').
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