- Hyōgo Prefecture
Infobox Prefecture Japan
Name = Hyōgo
JapaneseName = 兵庫県
Rōmaji = Hyōgo-ken
Symbol = PrefSymbol-Hyogo.png
Capital = Kobe
Region = Kinki
TotalArea = 8,393.34
AreaRank = 12th
PCWater = 0.6
October 1, 2005
Population = 5,595,212
PopRank = 8th
Density = 667
Districts = 8
Municipalities = 41
ISOCode = JP-28
Flower = Nojigiku ("Chrysanthemum japonense")
Camphortree ("Cinnamomum camphora")
Oriental White Stork("Ciconia boyciana")
Website = [http://web.pref.hyogo.jp/FL/english/index.html web.pref.hyogo.jp/FL/english/]
Toshizo Idonihongo|Hyōgo Prefecture|兵庫県|Hyōgo-ken is a prefecture of Japanlocated in the Kinki regionon Honshū island. The capital is Kobe.
The prefecture's name was previously alternately spelled as Hiogo.
Present-day Hyōgo Prefecture includes the former provinces of Harima, Tajima, Awaji, and parts of Tamba and Settsu.
In 1180, near the end of the
Heian Period, Emperor Antoku, Taira no Kiyomori, and the Imperial court moved briefly to Fukuhara, in what is now the city of Kobe. There the capital remained for five months. Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is in the city of Himeji.
The Ako Han, home of the
47 Ronin, is in Hyōgo Prefecture.
Southern Hyōgo Prefecture was severely devastated by the magnitude 7.2
Great Hanshin earthquakeof 1995, which destroyed major parts of Kobe and Awaji, as well as Takarazuka and neighboring Osaka prefecture, killing nearly 5500 people.
Hyōgo has coastlines on two seas: to the north, the
Sea of Japan, to the south, the Inland Sea. The northern portion is sparsely populated, except for the city of Toyooka, and the central highlands are only populated by tiny villages. Most of Hyōgo's population lives on the southern coast, which is part of the Osaka- Kyoto- Kobemetropolitan area. Awaji Islandis an island in the Inland Sea, lying between Honshū and Shikoku.
Summertime weather throughout Hyōgo is hot and humid. During the winter, the north side tends to get lots of
snow, while the south side only gets occasional flurries.
Hyōgo borders on
Osaka Prefecture, Kyoto Prefecture, Tottori Prefectureand Okayama Prefecture.
Twenty-nine cities are located in Hyōgo Prefecture:
Towns and villages
Towns and villages in each district:
Two major artificial islands are located Hyōgo Prefecture:
*The city of Akō and the only town in Akō District (Kamigōri), is scheduled to merge together and the city will retain the name Akō. Akō District will be defunct if the merger is successful. [http://www.city.ako.hyogo.jp/akosigun_gappei/index.html]
Hyōgo Prefecture has many heavy industries, metal and medical, and Kobe is one of the largest ports in Japan.
Hyōgo is a part of
Hanshin Industrial Region. There are two research institute of Riken, natural sciences research institute in Japan, in Kobe and Harima. It has " SPring-8",a synchrotron radiation facility in Harima.
Hyōgo Prefectural Museum of Artin Nada Ward, Kobe.
The sports teams listed below are based in Hyōgo.
Kobe Steel Kobelco Steelers(Kobe)
World Fighting Bull(Kobe)
Kobe remains a popular tourist destination. To Japanese, it symbolizes contact with the West. Many homes of early American, English and European visitors still stand on the bluff overlooking the harbor. The vista of the Inland Sea remains a "million-dollar view."
The Kobe port is one of the ports which are the most famous in Japan.
Takarazuka Revueplays in the city of Takarazuka. This is popular among Japanese tourists. Himeji Castlereceives this (and more) praise from UNESCO: "masterpiece of construction in wood, combining function with aesthetic appeal... ." Together with its historical significance and its easy access from Kyoto or Osaka by Shinkansen, Himeji Castle receives tremendous numbers of visitors annually.
So Taguchi, outfielder for the Philadelphia Phillies, was born in Hyōgo Prefecture.
Katsumi Yamada, one of the All-Star competitors of "Sasuke" (and who is known as Mr. Sasuke), is from Harimain Hyōgo Prefecture.
Juri Ueno, Japanese Academy Award-winning actress best known for her performances in " Swing Girls" and the live-action adaptation of " Nodame Cantabile", is from Kakogawa in Hyōgo Prefecture.
Kaoru (musician), Guitarist of Dir en grey, resides in Hyōgo Prefecture.
Shota Yasuda, Guitarist of Kanjani8, is from Amagasaki in Hyōgo Prefecture.
Aya Matsuura, Singer from Hello Project, is from Himeji in Hyōgo
Hiroshi Morieor HEATH in X JAPANis a musician, songwriter and Bass is from Amagasaki in Hyōgo
* [http://web.pref.hyogo.jp/FL/english/index.html Official Hyōgo prefecture homepage]
* [http://www.hyogo-tourism.jp/english/ Hyōgo prefecture tourist guide]
* [http://www.hyogobcc.org/index.htm Hyōgo Business & Cultural Center]
* [http://www.hyogo-ip.or.jp/hiaf/jp/medical/index.htm Medical Services in Hyōgo prefecture]
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