- Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat
name = PAGENAME
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July 29, 1910
April 10, 1999
field = biochemist
University of Edinburgh
tobacco mosaic virus
Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat (
July 29, 1910– April 10, 1999) was a biochemist, famous for his viral research.
Fraenkel-Conrat was born in
Breslau/ Germanyand received an MD from the University of Breslauin 1933. Due to the rise of Nazismin Germany he left for Scotlandin 1933 and finished his PhD at the University of Edinburgh(1936). After completing his doctorate, he emigrated to the United States, becoming a naturalized citizenin 1941. He worked at a number of institutes before joining the faculty at the University of California, Berkeleyin 1952 where he remained until his death.
His most noted research was on the
tobacco mosaic virus. He discovered that the genetic control of viral reproduction was RNAand that it is carried in the nucleic core of each virus. In 1955 he and biophysicist Robley Williamsshowed that a functional virus could be created out of purified RNA and a proteincoat. In 1960 he announced the complete sequencing of the 158 amino acids in the virus.
publication-date=1994 Apr 1
title=Early days of protein chemistry.
title= [Comparative application of the Sanger technic and the Edman-Fraenkel-Conrat technic in the determination of the N-terminal residues of proteins.]
periodical=Bull. Soc. Chim. Biol.
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