Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat

Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = July 29, 1910
birth_place = Breslau
death_date = April 10, 1999
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citizenship = United States
nationality = Germany
ethnicity =
field = biochemist
work_institutions =
alma_mater = University of Edinburgh
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = tobacco mosaic virus
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Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel-Conrat (July 29, 1910 – April 10, 1999) was a biochemist, famous for his viral research.

Fraenkel-Conrat was born in Breslau/Germany and received an MD from the University of Breslau in 1933. Due to the rise of Nazism in Germany he left for Scotland in 1933 and finished his PhD at the University of Edinburgh (1936). After completing his doctorate, he emigrated to the United States, becoming a naturalized citizen in 1941. He worked at a number of institutes before joining the faculty at the University of California, Berkeley in 1952 where he remained until his death.

His most noted research was on the tobacco mosaic virus. He discovered that the genetic control of viral reproduction was RNA and that it is carried in the nucleic core of each virus. In 1955 he and biophysicist Robley Williams showed that a functional virus could be created out of purified RNA and a protein coat. In 1960 he announced the complete sequencing of the 158 amino acids in the virus.


id = PMID:8168696
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8168696
publication-date=1994 Apr 1
title=Early days of protein chemistry.
periodical=FASEB J.

id = PMID:13160741
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13160741
title= [Comparative application of the Sanger technic and the Edman-Fraenkel-Conrat technic in the determination of the N-terminal residues of proteins.]
periodical=Bull. Soc. Chim. Biol.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat — Heinz Fraenkel Conrat. Fotografie aus den 1950er Jahren Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat (* 29. Juli 1910 in Breslau; † 10. April 1999 in Oakland) war ein deutsch U.S. amerikanischer Biochemiker, der vor allem wegen seiner virologi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Heinz Fraenkel-Conrat — Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat (29 de julio, 1910 10 de abril, 1999) fue un bioquímico famoso por sus investigaciones sobre los virus. Biografía Fraenkel Conrat nació en Breslau, antiguamente Alemania y hoy Polonia y se graduó en su universidad en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Fraenkel-Conrat , Heinz L. — (1910–) German–American biochemist Fraenkel Conrat, son of the noted gynecologist Ludwig Fraenkel, was born in Breslau (which was then in Germany and is now Wrocław in Poland). He left Germany for Britain after graduating MD from the University… …   Scientists

  • Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L. — ▪ American biochemist in full  Heinz Ludwig Fraenkel Conrat  born July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wrocław, Pol.] died April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif., U.S.       German American biochemist who helped to reveal the complementary roles of the… …   Universalium

  • Fraenkel — bzw. Fraenckel ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adolf Abraham Halevi Fraenkel (1891–1965), deutsch israelischer Mathematiker Albert Fraenkel (1848–1916), Arzt aus Frankfurt (Oder), bekannt geworden als Lungenforscher Albert Fraenkel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) — born July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. died April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif., U.S. German born U.S. biochemist. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Edinburgh and moved to the U.S. in 1936, eventually joining the faculty at UC Berkeley.… …   Universalium

  • Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz Ludwig — ▪ 2000       German born American biochemist (b. July 29, 1910, Breslau, Ger. [now Wroclaw, Pol.] d. April 10, 1999, Oakland, Calif.), settled a fundamental scientific question when he discovered that the genetic information controlling viral… …   Universalium

  • Fraenkel-Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) — (29 jul. 1910, Breslau, Alemania–10 abr. 1999, Oakland, Cal., EE.UU.). Bioquímico estadounidense nacido en Alemania. Obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad de Edimburgo y se mudó a EE.UU. en 1936, donde finalmente se incorporó a la facultad de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Heinz — /huynz/, n. H(enry) J(ohn), 1844 1919, U.S. businessman: founder of food processing company. * * * (as used in expressions) Fraenkel Conrat Heinz Ludwig Guderian Heinz Wilhelm Heinz Henry John * * * …   Universalium

  • Heinz — (as used in expressions) Fraenkel Conrat, Heinz L(udwig) Guderian, Heinz (Wilhelm) Heinz, H(enry) J(ohn) …   Enciclopedia Universal

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