- Galium verum
name = "Galium verum"
image_caption = Lady's Bedstraw flowers
divisio = Magnoliophyta
genus = "
species = "G. verum"
binomial = "Galium verum"
binomial_authority = L.
"Galium verum" (Lady's Bedstraw or Yellow Bedstraw) is a herbaceous
perennial plantof the family Rubiaceae, native to Europeand Asia. It is a low scrambling plant, with the stems growing to 60-120 cm long, frequently rooting where they touch the ground. The leaves are 1-3 cm long and 2 mm broad, shiny dark green, hairy underneath, borne in whorls of 8-12. The flowers are 2-3 mm in diameter, yellow, and produced in dense clusters.
It is related to the plant
Cleavers, or Sticky Willy (Gallium Aparine).
In the past the dried plants were used to stuff mattresses, as the
coumarinscent of the plants acts as a fleakiller. The flowers were also used to coagulate milkin cheesemanufacture and, in Gloucestershire, to colour the cheese Double Gloucester. [cite book| last=Howard | first=Michael A. | year=1987 | title=Traditional Folk Remedies: A Comprehensive Herbal | isbn=0712617310 | publisher=Random House of Canada | pages=163–] The plant is also used to make red madder-like and yellow dyes.In Denmark, the plant (known locally as "gul snerre") is traditionally used to infuse spirits, making the uniquely Danish drink " bjæsk".
Friggwas very much the goddess of married women, in Norse mythology. She helped women give birth to children, and as Scandinavians used the plant Lady's Bedstraw ("Galium verum") as a sedative, they called it "Frigg's grass". [cite book| last=Schön | first=Ebbe | year=2004 | title=Asa-Tors Hammare: Gudar och Jättar i Tro och Tradition | publisher=Fält & Hässler | location=Värnamo | isbn=9189660412 | pages=228–]
List of Lepidoptera that feed on Galium
References and notes
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.