- GBU-27 Paveway III
The GBU-27 Paveway III (Guided Bomb Unit) is a
laser-guided bombwith bunker buster capabilities. It is a GBU-24 Paveway IIIthat has been redesigned to be used by the F-117A Nighthawk stealth ground attack aircraft.
The GBU-27 was used in Operation Desert Storm. It was the weapon used in the February 13, 1991 attack on the
Amiriyah shelter, which resulted in the deaths of more than 400 Iraqi civilians. It was also used in a series of strikes on the Muthanna State Enterprise site during February 1991, which the U.S. military identified as the heart of the Iraqi chemical weapons production infrastructure. [William Winkenwerder, Jr., MD, Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense, " [http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/al_muth_ii/al_muth_ii_s03.htm The Gulf War Air Campaign - Possible Chemical Warfare Agent Release at Al Muthanna, February 8, 1991] ", November 15, 2001.]
The first foreign sale of the GBU-27 was the acquisition by
Israelof 500 units equipped with BLU-109 penetrating warheads, authorized in September 2004. (Raas and Long 2006) Delivery of such precision guided weaponry was accelerated at the request of Israel in July 2006, though the exact munition were not specified. Israeli Defense Forcesofficials state that other precision-guided munitions have been used to attack Hezbollahfacilities in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict. [ [http://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/22/world/middleeast/22military.html?hp&ex=1153540800&en=3f2d5ce210ea0b64&ei=5094&partner=homepage NY Times] ] However, the bunker busting technology in the GBU-27 could be directed, according Israeli military sources, at Iranor possibly Syria. [ [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ Anton La Guardia - Israel challenges Iran's nuclear ambitions, September 22, 2004] ]
*Whitney Raas and Austin Long, [http://web.mit.edu/ssp/Publications/working_papers/wp_06-1.pdf Osirak Redux? Assessing Israeli Capabilities to Destroy Iranian Nuclear Facilities] , MIT Security Studies Program Working Paper, April 2006.
* [http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/smart/gbu-27.htm FAS]
* [http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/app5/paveway-3.html Raytheon (Texas Instruments) Paveway III - Designation Systems]
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