Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal)

Pietro Ottoboni (cardinal)

:"Sharing the same name, the cardinal's grand-uncle became Pope Alexander VIII.Pietro Ottoboni (july 2, 1667 – February 29 1740), was an Italian Catholic cardinal and grandnephew of Pope Alexander VIII. He is remembered especially as a great patron of music. Ottoboni was the last person to hold the curial office of Cardinal Nephew, which was abolished by Alexander VIII's successor, Pope Innocent XII, in 1692.


Pietro was born in Venice to the noble Ottoboni family, whose most prominent member had been his grand-uncle Pope Alexander VIII (1689–1691). The family had bought their way into Venetian nobility in the 17th century.

He received the clerical tonsure and the minor orders on October 20 1689 and was created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 7 1689, receiving the red hat on November 14. He was superintendent general of the affairs of the Apostolic See, and governor of the cities of Fermo and Tivoli, as well as of the territory of Capranica.

He held the office of vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from November 14 1689 until February 29 1740. He was cardinal-bishop of Sabina 1725, cardinal-bishop of Frascati, 1730, Cardinal-bishop of Porto and Santa Rufina, 1734, and vice-dean then dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (September 3 1738). Ottoboni was also archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, secretary of the Roman Inquisition, Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica (from 1730) and Grand prior of Ireland.

Patron of the arts

Ottoboni was one of the great patrons of his generation. He resided in the Palazzo della Cancelleria, where he supported Arcangelo Corelli, the finest violinist of his generation, at his Monday night concerts called "academies". Through these concerts, Corelli was introduced to Handel. When he died in 1713, Corelli left his estate, including his valuable pictures, to the Cardinal, who distributed the sizable funds among Corelli's relations and erected a princely tomb for the musician in the Pantheon. Other protegés of the cardinal were Antonio Vivaldi and Antonio Caldara. Ottoboni even wrote texts of cantatas for some of them. When opera was banned in Rome, performances withdrew to Ottoboni's Cancelleria. His triumphal return to Venice in 1726 was celebrated with musical festivities that included a serenata "Andromeda liberata", with arias contributed by various Venetian masters, including Vivaldi.

The young Sicilian architect Giovanni Battista Vaccarini and painters Sebastiano Conca, Sebastiano Ricci and Francesco Trevisani also benefited from his patronage. One of his most important commissions were the "Seven Sacraments" executed in 1712 by Giuseppe Maria Crespi (now in the Museum of Dresden). In 1735 he donated his Roman sculptures and other antiquities to the Capitoline Museums.

Debt and dispersal

Despite his numerous benefices, and his alliance with the French crown, the expenses of the cardinal were perpetually exceeding his income. Upon his death, his inheritors had to quickly liquidate his properties and collections to pay off debts.

His music library was dispersed after his death, but the so-called "Manchester Concerto Part-books" have survived with sets of separate parts for 95 compositions, mostly concertos; the manuscript scores came into the possession of Charles Jennens, the librettist for Handel’s "Messiah". The diverse contents of the concerto collection suggest that Ottoboni’s musicians acquired and performed music from artistic centres elsewhere (notably Venice and Bologna) as well as works composed in Rome.

Ottoboni was a member of the Academy of Arcadia.

External links

* [http://www.fiu.edu/~mirandas/bios1689.htm| Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church]
* [http://www.editionhh.co.uk/hh25pref.htm| Paul, Major, "Giuseppe Valentini, Sinfonia in D"] : the Manchester Concerto Part-books
* [http://www.manchester.gov.uk/libraries/central/hwml/early.htm| Manchester Libraries: Manchester Concerto Part-books]
* [http://www.museicapitolini.org/ Musei Capitolini]


*"Cardinal Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740) And The Vatican Tomb Of Pope Alexander VIII" Edward J. Olszewski (2004) DIANE Art & Art Instruction ISBN 087169252X

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pietro Ottoboni (1667-1740) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pietro Ottoboni. Pietro Ottoboni Pietro Ottoboni, portrait par Francesco Trevisani. The Bowes Museum, Barnard Castle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pietro Ottoboni — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pietro Ottoboni (Venecia, 2 de julio de 1667 Roma, 29 de febrero de 1740). Cardinal y mecenas italiano. Francesco Trevisani: Retrato del cardenal Pietro Ottoboni (The Bowes Museum, Durham, I …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pietro Ottoboni —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Pierre Ottoboni est le nom du pape Alexandre VIII qui vécut de 1610 à 1691. Pietro Ottoboni est un cardinal qui vécut de 1667 à 1740, neveu du Pape Alexandre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ottoboni family — Pope Alexander VIII s coat of arms. The Ottoboni were an aristocratic Venetian family, who gained prominence in Rome after the 17th century, mainly due to the papacy of Alexander VIII and his cardinal nephew, Pietro Ottoboni, known for his… …   Wikipedia

  • Cardinal-nephew — Pietro Ottoboni, the last Cardinal Nephew, painted by Francesco Trevisani. A cardinal nephew (Latin: cardinalis nepos;[1] Italian: cardinale nipote; …   Wikipedia

  • Cardinal-neveu — Pietro Ottoboni, le dernier cardinal neveu, peint par Francesco Trevisani. Le cardinal neveu (en latin cardinalis nepos, en italien cardinale nipote ou cardinale padrone), autrefois appelé prince de fortune, est un cardinal élevé à son rang par… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ottoboni — Famille patricienne de Venise Les armes des Ottoboni: un écu tranché de synople et d azur avec une bande d argent sous un chef d Empire La famille Ottoboni est originaire de Negroponte, mais d aucuns la situent à Florence. Elle donna trois… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Crown-cardinal — Henry of Portugal, both cardinal and King of Portugal (formerly a Cardinal Infante) …   Wikipedia

  • List of cardinal-nephews — This is a list of cardinal nephews, cardinals elevated by popes who were their uncles, or more generally, their relatives. The practice of creating cardinal nephews originated in the Middle Ages, and reached its apex during the 16th and 17th… …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Ottoboni — Alexandre VIII Alexandre VIII Pape de l’Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”