Tyuratam (or Turatam) is a station on the main Moscow to Tashkent railway, located in Kazakhstan. The word means in Kazakh "töre's grave" (töre - noble, descendant of Genghis Khan. Here: personal Name Töre-Baba). It is near the Baikonur Cosmodrome, a Russian, formerly Soviet, spaceport, and near the city of Baikonur (formerly Leninsk), which was constructed to service the cosmodrome.

At a press conference for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, Jules Bergman of ABC News asked:

"Baykonur, if you'll look on the coordinates, is 135 miles [217 km] away or something. Tyuratam may only be a railhead, but it is the Tyuratam Launch Complex. They call it Baykonur, I know. . . . I'm going to call it Tyuratam. ABC is going to call it Tyuratam. SAC Strategic Air Command calls it Tyuratam. Can we once and for all straighten that out and arrive at a . . . name for it, Tom?" []

Bergman thought calling the cosmodrome Baykonur was like referring to Kennedy Space Center as the "Tampa Space Port," but it appeared that the entire area was called Baykonur, much as Texans would talk about the Panhandle or the Gulf Coast.

It was this launch site that Francis Gary Powers, in his U-2, was trying to locate by following railway lines within the Soviet Union, when he was shot down. Up until that event the CIA had systematically been tracking over the major rail networks of the Soviet Union in a bid to find the launch site.


External links

* [http://www.russianspaceweb.com/baikonur.html Map]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sputnik 1 — Infobox Spacecraft Name = Sputnik 1 Спутник 1 Organization = Council of Ministers of the USSR Major Contractors = OKB 1, Soviet Ministry of Radiotechnical Industry Mission Type = Atmospheric studies Satellite Of = Earth Launch = October 4, 1957,… …   Wikipedia

  • Baikonur Cosmodrome — The Baikonur Cosmodrome (Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı ; Russian: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Bajkonur ), also called Tjuratam, is the world s oldestFact|date=June 2008 and largest operational space launch facility. It is …   Wikipedia

  • Baikonur — Infobox Settlement official name = Baikonur native name = Байқоңыр motto = image map caption = pushpin pushpin label position = bottom pushpin mapsize = 280 pushpin map caption = Location in Kazakhstan subdivision type = Country subdivision type1 …   Wikipedia

  • Baikonur — ▪ space centre, Kazakstan also spelled  Baykonur, Baykonyr, or Bajkonur,  also called  Tyuratam, or Turatam,    former Soviet and current Russian space centre in south central Kazakhstan. Baikonur was a Soviet code name for the centre, but… …   Universalium

  • Gagarin's Start — Infobox Launch Pad name = Gagarin s Start imsize=200 caption=Soyuz TMA 3 is launched from Gagarin s Start site = Baikonur Cosmodrome location =45.920278°N 63.342222°E operator = Soviet space program, Russian Space Agency tlaunches = TBC… …   Wikipedia

  • Gagarin's Start — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Gagarin s Start La Soyuz TMA 3 despega desde el Gagarin s Start Cosmódromo Cosmódromo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cosmódromo de Baikonur — Lanzamiento de un cohete Soyuz en el Cosmódromo de Baikonur. El Cosmódromo de Baikonur (kazajo: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы, Bayqoñır ğarış aylağı; ruso: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Baykonur), también llamado Tyuratam, es la mayor y más antigua… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Крайний (аэродром) — Крайний Аэропорт Крайний Страна: Регион: Казахстан Кызылординская область Тип: совместного использования Код ИКАО: Код ИАТА: УАОЛ (UAOL) …   Википедия

  • Plataforma Gagarin — Salida de Gagarin La Soyuz TMA 3 despegando desde la plataforma de Gagarin Cosmódromo Cosmódromo de Baikonur Ubic …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cosmódromo de Baikonur — El Cosmódromo de Baikonur (ruso: Космодром Байконур, Kosmodrom Baykonur), también llamado Tyuratam, es la mayor y más antigua instalación de lanzamiento espacial. Originariamente, fue construido por la Unión Soviética y está ahora bajo control de …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”