1985 in literature

1985 in literature

The year 1985 in literature involved some significant events and new books.


*A memorial to Hugh MacDiarmid is unveiled near his home at Langholm, Scotland.

New books

*Isaac Asimov - "Robots and Empire"
*Margaret Atwood - "The Handmaid's Tale"
*Jean M. Auel - "The Mammoth Hunters"
*Iain Banks - "Walking on Glass"
*Clive Barker - "The Damnation Game"
*Greg Bear - "Blood Music" and "Eon"
*M. C. Beaton - "Death of a Gossip"
*Orson Scott Card - "Ender's Game"
*Bernard Cornwell - "Sharpe's Honour"
*Elizabeth Darrell - "At the Going Down of the Sun"
*Bret Easton Ellis - "Less Than Zero"
*Imil Habibi - "The Secret Life of Saeed"
*Amy Hempel - "Reasons to Live"
*Frank Herbert - "Chapterhouse Dune"
*John Irving - "The Cider House Rules"
*Garrison Keillor - "Lake Wobegon Days"
*Stephen King - "Skeleton Crew"
*H. P. Lovecraft - "At the Mountains of Madness and Other Novels" and "The Dunwich Horror and Others" (corrected edition)
*Richard A. Lupoff - "Lovecraft's Book"
*Cormac McCarthy - "Blood Meridian"
*Larry McMurtry - "Lonesome Dove"
*Naguib Mahfouz - "Akhenaten, Dweller in Truth"
*Gabriel García Márquez - "Love in the Time of Cholera"
*James A. Michener - "Texas"
*Brian Moore - "Black Robe"
*Bharati Mukherjee - "Darkness"
*Robert B. Parker - "Catskill Eagle"
*Caryl Phillips - "The Final Passage"
*Peter Pohl - "Johnny, My Friend (Janne, min vän)"
*Carl Sagan - "Contact"
*Sidney Sheldon - "If Tomorrow Comes"
*Danielle Steel - "Secrets"
*Sue Townsend - "Rebuilding Coventry"
*Anne Tyler - "The Accidental Tourist"
*Andrew Vachss - "Flood"
*Jeanette Winterson - "Oranges Are Not the Only Fruit"
*Roger Zelazny - "Trumps of Doom"

New drama

*David Hare & Howard Brenton - "Pravda"
*Wallace Shawn - "Aunt Dan and Lemon"
*Sam Shepard - "A Lie of the Mind"
*Neil Simon - "Biloxi Blues"
*August Wilson - "Fences"


*Carol Ann Duffy - "Standing Female Nude"


*Roger Caron - "Bingo! The Horrifying Eyewitness Account of a Prison Riot"
*Michael Denton - ""
*Elaine Dundy - "Elvis and Gladys"
*Wayne Kritsberg - "The Adult Children of Alcoholics Syndrome"
*Tim O'Brien - "The Nuclear Age"
*Priscilla Beaulieu Presley - "Elvis and Me"
*David Robinson - ""
*Oliver Sacks - "The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat"




*February 6 - James Hadley Chase, novelist
*March 15 - Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer
*April 7 - Carl Schmitt, political theorist
*July 16 - Heinrich Böll, German writer, Nobel laureate
*August 14 - Alfred Hayes, novelist and poet
*August 30 - Taylor Caldwell, novelist
*November 3 - John Michael Wallace-Hadrill, historian
*November 24 - László Bíró, inventor of the ballpoint pen
*November 25 - Geoffrey Grigson, poet and critic
*December 7 - Robert Graves
*"date unknown"
**Hedley Bull, economist


* Nobel Prize for Literature: Claude Simon


* The Australian/Vogel Literary Award: no award given out this year
* C. J. Dennis Prize for Poetry: Kevin Hart, "Your Shadow"; Rosemary Dobson, "The Three Fates"
* Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry, Kevin Hart, "Your Shadow"
* Mary Gilmore Prize: Doris Brett, "The Truth about Unicorns"


* See 1985 Governor General's Awards for a complete list of winners and finalists for those awards.


* Prix Goncourt: Yann Queffelec, "Les Noces barbares"
* Prix Médicis French: Michel Braudeau, "Naissance d'une passion"
* Prix Médicis International: Joseph Heller, "God Knows"

United Kingdom

* Booker Prize: Keri Hulme, "The Bone People"
* Cholmondeley Award: Dannie Abse, Peter Redgrove, Brian Taylor
* Eric Gregory Award: Graham Mort, Adam Thorpe, Pippa Little, James Harpur, Simon North, Julian May
* James Tait Black Memorial Prize for fiction: Robert Edric, "Winter Garden"
* James Tait Black Memorial Prize for biography: David Nokes, "Jonathan Swift: A Hypocrite Reversed"
* Newdigate prize: Robert Twigger
* Whitbread Best Book Award: Douglas Dunn, "Elegies"

United States

* Agnes Lynch Starrett Poetry Prize: Liz Rosenberg, "The Fire Music"
* American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medal in Poetry, Robert Penn Warren
* Frost Medal: Robert Penn Warren
* Nebula Award: Orson Scott Card, "Ender's Game"
* Newbery Medal for children's literature: Robin McKinley, "The Hero and the Crown"
* Pulitzer Prize for Drama: James Lapine for book; Stephen Sondheim for music and lyrics, "Sunday in the Park With George"
* Pulitzer Prize for Fiction: Alison Lurie - "Foreign Affairs"
* Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Carolyn Kizer: "Yin"


*Premio Nadal: Pau Faner Coll - "Flor de sal"

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