Richard Hurd (clergyman)

Richard Hurd (clergyman)

Richard Hurd (January 13, 1720 – May 28, 1808) was an English divine and writer, and bishop of Worcester.

He was born at Congreve, in the parish of Penkridge, Staffordshire, where his father was a farmer. He was educated at Brewood Grammar School and at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. He took his B.A. degree in 1739, and in 1742 he proceeded M.A. and became a fellow of his college. In the same year he was ordained deacon, and given charge of the parish of Reymerston, Norfolk, but he returned to Cambridge early in 1743. He was ordained priest in 1744. In 1748 he published some "Remarks on an Enquiry into the Rejection of Christian Miracles by the Heathens" (1746), by William Weston, a fellow of St John's College, Cambridge.

He prepared editions, which won the praise of Edward Gibbon, of the "Ars poetica" and "Epistola ad Pisones" (1749), and the "Epistola ad Augustum" (1751) of Horace. A compliment in the preface to the edition of 1749 was the starting-point of a lasting friendship with William Warburton, through whose influence he was appointed one of the preachers at Whitehall in 1750. In 1765 he was appointed preacher at Lincoln's Inn, and in 1767 he became archdeacon of Gloucester.

In 1768, he proceeded D.D. at Cambridge, and delivered at Lincoln's Inn the first Warburton lectures, which were published later (1772) as "An Introduction to the Study of the Prophecies concerning the Christian Church". He became bishop of Lichfield and Coventry in 1774, and two years later was selected to be tutor to the prince of Wales and the duke of York. In 1781 he was translated to the see of Worcester. He lived chiefly at Hartlebury Castle, where he built a fine library, to which he transferred Alexander Pope's and Warburton's books, purchased on the latter's death.

He was extremely popular at court, and in 1783, on the death of Archbishop Cornwallis, the king pressed him to accept the primacy, but Hurd, who was known, says Madame d'Arblay, as "The Beauty of Holiness,” declined it as a charge not suited to his temper and talents, and much too heavy for him to sustain. He died, unmarried, on the 28th of May 1808.

Hurd's "Letters on Chivalry and Romance" (1762) retain a certain interest for their importance in the history of the romantic movement, which they did something to stimulate. They were written in continuation of a dialogue on the age of Queen Elizabeth included in his "Moral and Political Dialogues" (1759) Two later dialogues "On the Uses of Foreign Travel" were printed in 1763. Hurd wrote two acrimonious defences of Warburton "On the Delicacy of Friendship" (1755), in answer to Dr J Jortin and a Leüer (1764) to Dr Thomas Leland, who had criticized Warburton's Doctrine of Grace. He edited the "Works of Willian Warburton", the "Select Works" (1772) of Abraham Cowley, and left materials for an edition (6 vols., 1811) of Addison. His own works appeared in a collected edition in 8 vols. 1811.

External links

* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. I]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. II]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. III]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. IV]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. V]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. VI]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. VII]
* [,M1 "The works of Richard Hurd" Vol. VIII]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Richard Hurd — may also refer to: *Richard Hurd (clergyman), (1720–1808), bishop of Worcester. *Richard Hurd (educator), an American academic and labor union scholar …   Wikipedia

  • Hurd (disambiguation) — Hurd is a surname, and may refer to:* Andrew Hurd, a Canadian Olympic swimmer * Anthony Hurd, a former British politician in the Conservative Party * Clement Hurd, an American illustrator of children s books * David Hurd, a composer, concert… …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Evanson — (21 April 1731 ndash; 25 September 1805), was a controversial English clergyman.LifeHe was born at Warrington, Lancashire. After graduating at Cammal College, Cambridge and taking holy orders, he spent several years as curate at Mitcham in Surrey …   Wikipedia

  • 1808 in the United Kingdom — Events from the year 1808 in the United Kingdom.Incumbents*Monarch George III of the United Kingdom *Prime Minister William Cavendish Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland, ToryEvents* 1 January Sierra Leone becomes a British Crown Colony.cite book… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • List of Old Etonians born in the 20th century — The following notable old boys of Eton College were born in the 20th century.1900s*HM King Léopold III of the Belgians (1901 ndash;1983), King of the Belgians, 1934 ndash;1951 *John Strachey (1901 ndash;1963) *Philip Evergood (1901 ndash;1973)… …   Wikipedia

  • literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Court of Chancery — This article is about the English civil court. For other uses, see Court of Chancery (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Clerk — This article is about office workers for private companies. For other uses, including government posts known as clerk, see Clerk (disambiguation). Clerk, the vocational title, commonly refers to a white collar worker who conducts general office… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Henry Huxley — Woodburytype print of Huxley (1880 or earlier) Born 4 May 1825(1825 05 04) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”