Isaac da Costa

Isaac da Costa

Isaac da Costa (January 14, 1798 – April 28, 1860) was a Dutch language poet.

Da Costa was born in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. His father, an aristocratic Sephardic Portuguese Jewish, Daniel da Costa, a relative of Uriel Acosta, was a prominent merchant in the city of Amsterdam; his mother, Rebecca Ricardo, was a near relative of the English political economist David Ricardo. Daniel da Costa, soon recognizing his son's love for study, destined him for the bar, and sent him to the Latin school from 1806 to 1811. Here Isaac wrote his first verses. Through his Hebrew teacher, the mathematician and Hebraist Moses Lemans, he became acquainted with the great Dutch poet Bilderdijk, who, at the request of Isaac's father, agreed to supervise the boy's further education. Bilderdijk taught him Roman law, and a familiar intercourse sprang up between them, which afterward developed into an intimate friendship.

In 1817 Da Costa went to Leyden, where he again saw much of Bilderdijk. He there took his degree as doctor of law in 1818, and as doctor of philosophy June 21, 1821. Three weeks later he married his cousin, Hannah Belmonte, who had been educated in a Christian institution; and soon after, at the instance of Bilderdijk, he was baptized with her at Leyden. At that time he was already well known as a poet. After Bilderdijk's death Da Costa was generally recognized as his successor among Dutch poets. He was a faithful adherent of the religious views of his friend, was one of the leaders of the Orthodox Reformed party, and during the last years of his life was a teacher and a director of the seminary of the Independent Scotch Church. However severely his religious views and efforts be censured, his character, no less than his genius, was respected by his contemporaries. Although he wrote much on missionary matters, he is distinguished from many other converts in that, to the end of his life, he felt only reverence and love for his former coreligionists, was deeply interested in their past history, and often took their part.

Aside from his fifty-three longer and shorter poems, Da Costa wrote largely on theological subjects. He also wrote "Israel en de Volken" (2d ed., Haarlem, 1848-49), a survey of the history of the Jews to the nineteenth century, written from the standpoint of the Church. The third volume, dealing with the history of the Spanish-Portuguese Jews, is especially noteworthy on account of the mass of new material used. The work was translated into English, under the title "Israel and the Gentiles," by Ward Kennedy (London, 1850), and into German by "A Friend of God's Word" (Miss Thumb), published by K. Mann (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1855).

Da Costa's two papers, "The Jews in Spain and Portugal" and "The Jews from Spain and Portugal in the Netherlands," which appeared in 1836 in the "Nedersche Stemmen over Godsdienst, Staat-Geschied-en Letterkunde," may be considered as preliminary to the history. Of interest also are his works on the Von Schoonenberg (Belmonte) family ("Jahrb. für Holland," 1851) and on "The Noble Families Among the Jews" ("Navorscher," 1857, pp. 210 et seq., 269 et seq.; 1858, pp. 71 et seq.; 1859, pp. 110 et seq., 174 et seq., 242 et seq.). Da Costa possessed a valuable library which contained a large number of Spanish, Portuguese, and Hebrew manuscripts, as well as rare prints from the Spanish-Portuguese Jewish literature. It was sold at public auction a year after his death. A catalogue of the library, compiled by M. Roest, was published at Amsterdam in 1861.

Works

* "Vijf-en-twintig Jaren" ("Twenty-five years")
* "De Slag bij Nieuwpoort" ("The Battle of Nieuport")
* "Alfonsus de Eerste"
* "Poëzy"
* "Bezwaren tegen den geest der eeuw". In this essay, written in 1823, only 25 year old, he attacked the Encyclopaedists, Rousseau, Voltaire, Diderot, Kant, Robert Owen and Lord Byron.
* "De Sadduceën"
* "Paulus, eene schriftbeschouwing"
* "Opmerkingen over het onderscheidende karakter der Groninger School"
* "Hagar"
* "Israël en de Volken; een overzicht van de geschiedenis der Joden tot op onzen tijd"
* "Een en twintig dagen te Londen, bij gelegenheid der zamenkomsten van de Evangelische Alliantie, doorgebracht"
* "Beschouwingen van het Evangelie van Lucas"
* "Bilderdijk herdacht"
* "Beschouwingen van de Handelingen der Apostelen"
* "Wat er door de Theologische Faculteit te Leiden al zoo geleerd wordt"
* "De Mensch en de dichter Willem Bilderdijk, eene bijdrage tot de kennis van zijn leven, karakter, en schriften"
* "Opstellen van godgeleerden en geschiedkundigen inhoud"
* "Da C.'s kompleete dichtwerken"
* "Bijbellezingen. Op geteekend en medegedeeld door Johan Frederik Schimsheimer"

External links

* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=11939 Isaac da Costa on Find A Grave]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaäc da Costa — (* 14. Januar 1798 in Amsterdam; † 28. April 1860 ebenda) war ein holländischer Dichter und Schriftsteller er war eine führende Figur der konservativ calvinistischen Gruppe „Réveil movement“ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Da Costa — fut le fondateur de l’une des premières synagogues de Curaçao, à laquelle il fournit le premier Sefer Torah[1]. Membre de la Congrégation juive portugaise d Amsterdam, où il s était réfugié, Isaac Da Costa fut en 1659 le meneur de la deuxième… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • COSTA, ISAÄC DA — (1798–1860), Dutch poet and writer. The precocious offspring of a distinguished Sephardi family in Amsterdam, Isaäc da Costa was brought up in the moderately Enlightened milieu that characterized the Portuguese Jewish elite of the early 19th… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Costa (Familienname) — Costa ist ein italienischer, portugiesischer und spanischer Familienname folgender Personen: Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Costa (surname) — Costa, sometimes Da Costa or da Costa, is an Italian (particularly in Liguria, Piedmont and Sardinia), Portuguese and Catalan surname. And, because of immigration, is common in Brazil and Argentina. It s also a surname chosen by the Jews, due to… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Israel Hayes — Isaac I. Hayes (Retrato de Mathew B. Brady, hacia 1860 75) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Felipe Azofeifa — Nombre completo Isaac Felipe Azofeifa Nacimiento 11 de abril de 1909 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Costa Rican literature — has roots in colonization and is marked by European influences. Because Costa Rica is a young country, its literary tradition is also young. The history of Costa Rican literature dates to the end of the 19th century. Contents 1 Chronology 2… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Newton Lewis — (12 de octubre de 1858 New Salem, Pennsylvania 9 de noviembre de 1931 Hoboken, New Jersey) fue un oficial del ejército de los Estados Unidos e inventor de la mundialmente famosa ametralladora Lewis , utilizada por numerosos ejércitos en los… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Felipe Azofeifa — (1912 April 1997) was a Costa Rican poet, politician and educator.Azofeifa is considered one of the most important Costa Rican poets of the twentieth century.BiographyHe was born in Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica in 1912. In 1929 he entered …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”