name = "Scirpus"

image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Scirpus atrovirens"
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Poales
familia = Cyperaceae
genus = "Scirpus" L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = About 120; see text

The plant genus "Scirpus" consists of a large number of aquatic, grass-like species in the family Cyperaceae (the sedges), many with the common names club-rush or bulrush (see also bulrush for other plants so-named). Other common names are deergrass or grassweed.

The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution, and grows in wetlands and moist soil. Some species specialize in saline, marshy, environments such as intertidal mud-flats; others prefer ponds or lake-sides and river-beds. They have grass-like leaves, and clusters of small spikelets, often brown in colour. Some species (e.g. "S. lacustris") can reach a height of 3 m, while others (e.g. "S. supinus") are much smaller, only reaching 20-30 cm tall.

"Scirpus" species are often planted to inhibit soil erosion and provide habitat for other wildlife. They are also used in some herbal remedies; the plant's rhizomes are collected in the autumn and winter and dried in the sun before use.

The taxonomy of the genus is complex, and under discussion by botanists. Recent studies by taxonomists of the Cyperaceae have resulted in the creation of several new genera, including the genera "Schoenoplectus" and "Bolboschoenus"; others (including "Blysmus", "Isolepis", "Nomochloa", and "Scirpoides") have also been used. At one point this genus held almost 300 species, but many of the species once assigned to this genus have now been re-assigned, and it now holds an estimated 120 species.

"Scirpus" species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including "Batrachedra cuniculata".

;Selected species:"(This list is incomplete, and may include some species now assigned to other genera.)"
*"Scirpus ancistrochaetus" Northeastern Bulrush
*"Scirpus atrocinctus" Black-girdle Bulrush
*"Scirpus atrovirens" Woolgrass Bulrush
*"Scirpus bicolor"
*"Scirpus campestris" Salt Marsh Bulrush
*"Scirpus cespitosus" Deergrass
*"Scirpus congdonii" Congdon's Bulrush
*"Scirpus cyperinus" Cottongrass Bulrush
*"Scirpus diffusus"
*"Scirpus divaricatus" Spreading Bulrush
*"Scirpus expansus" Woodland Beakrush
*"Scirpus flaccidifolius" Reclining Bulrush
*"Scirpus fluitans" Floating Club-rush
*"Scirpus fluviatilis" - River Bulrush
*"Scirpus georgianus" Georgia Bulrush
*"Scirpus hattorianus" Bulrush
*"Scirpus lineatus" Drooping Bulrush
*"Scirpus longii" Long's Bulrush
*"Scirpus mariqueter"
*"Scirpus microcarpus" Small-fruit Bulrush
*"Scirpus mucronatus"
*"Scirpus nevadensis" Nevada Bulrush
*"Scirpus olneyi" Olney Bulrush
*"Scirpus pacificus" Pacific Coast Bulrush
*"Scirpus pallidus" Pale Bulrush
*"Scirpus paludosus" Salt Marsh Bulrush
*"Scirpus pedicellatus" Stalked Bulrush
*"Scirpus pendulus" Pendulous Bulrush
*"Scirpus polyphyllus" Leafy Bulrush
*"Scirpus pumilus" Dwarf Deergrass
*"Scirpus pungens" Sharp Club-rush
*"Scirpus radicans"
*"Scirpus robustus" Salt Marsh Bulrush
*"Scirpus supinus" Dwarf Club-rush
*"Scirpus sylvaticus" Wood Club-rush
*"Scirpus tabernaemontani"
*"Scirpus triqueter" Triangular Club-rush

;Selected species in a broader view of the genus
*"Bolboschoenus maritimus" Sea Club-rush
*"Isolepis cernua" Slender Club-rush
*"Isolepis setaceus" Bristle Club-rush
*"Schoenoplectus acutus" Tule
*"Schoenoplectus hudsonianus" Alpine Deergrass
*"Schoenoplectus lacustris" Common Club-rush
*"Scirpoides holoschoenus" Round-headed Club-rush

External links

* [ Genus Scirpus]
* [ Genus Scirpus]
* [ Scirpus (Cyperaceae)]
* [ "What Is 'Schoenoplectus americanus'?" and "Should We Reject The Name 'Scirpus americanus'?"]


* Muntz, Philip A. "A California Flora". Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973, copyright 1959
* Muntz, Philip A. "A California Flora: Supplement’’. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976 (Scirpus lacutris, validus, glaucus, p. 183))

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  • Scirpus — Scirpus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SCIRPUS — Graece φλεὼς, sui generis, inter ea, quae praeter salicem ligaturis utilia sunt, memoratur Plinio l. 16. c. 37. Nec in fruticum, nec in veprium cauliumque, neque in herbarum, aut alio ullo, quam suo genere, numerentur merito scirpi fragiles… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Scirpus — (S. L., Binse), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Cyperaceae Scirpeae, 3. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Ährchen von allen Seiten dachig, Bälge einklappig, die unteren größer, die 1–2 untersten unfruchtbar, unterweibige Borsten meist sechs od. fehlend;… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Scirpus — L. (Binse, Binsengras), Gattung der Cyperazeen, ein oder mehrjährige Riedgräser von meist binsenartigem Aussehen, mit vielblütigen Ährchen in einfachen oder zusammengesetzten Blütenständen, wachsen in 200 Arten an feuchten Orten und Sümpfen auf… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scirpus — L., Pflanzengattg. der Cyperazeen, binsenartige, über die ganze Erde verbreitete Sumpfpflanzen, liefern schlechtes Futter; die größern Arten dienen zu Flechtwerk, so S. lacustris L., S. silvatĭcus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Scirpus — at …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Scirpus — Simsen Wald Simse (Scirpus sylvaticus) Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer (Magnoliophyta) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Scirpus — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al autor princ …   Wikipedia Español

  • Scirpus — ? Камыш Научная классификация Царство: Растения Отдел: Цветковые Класс …   Википедия

  • Scirpus — noun rhizomatous perennial grasslike herbs • Syn: ↑genus Scirpus • Hypernyms: ↑monocot genus, ↑liliopsid genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Cyperaceae, ↑family Cyperaceae, ↑sedge f …   Useful english dictionary

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