Relay race

Relay race

During a relay race, members of a team take turns running, orienteering, swimming, cross-country skiing, biathlon, or skating (usually with a baton in the first) parts of a circuit or performing a certain action. Relay races take the form of professional races and amateur games. In the Olympic games, there are several types of relay races that are part of track and field.

Based on the speed of the runners, the generally accepted strategy used in setting up a 4 person relay team is: second fastest, third fastest, slowest, then fastest (anchor). Each segment of the relay (the distance run by one person) is referred to as a leg.

A swimming relay order follows a slightly different strategy. Usually, the slowest swimmer races in the second slot, creating an order as follows: second fastest, slowest, third fastest, and then fastest. Each runner must hand off the baton to the next runner within a certain zone, usually marked by triangles on the track. In sprint relays, runners typically use a "blind handoff", where the second runner stands on a spot predetermined in practice and starts running when the first runner hits a visual mark on the track (usually a smaller triangle). The second runner opens his/her hand behind her after a few strides, by which time the first runner should be caught up and able to hand off the baton. Usually a runner will give an auditory signal, such as "Stick!" repeated several times, for the recipient of the baton to put out his hand. In middle-distance relays or longer, runners begin by jogging while looking back at the incoming runner and holding out a hand for the baton.

In athletics, the two standard relays are the 4x100 meter relay and the 4x400 meter relay. Traditionally, the 4x400 meter relay finals are the last event of a track meet, and is often met with a very enthusiastic crowd, especially if the last leg is a close race. It should be noted that it is hard to measure exact splits in a 4x400 (or a 4x100) relay. For example, if a team ran a 3:00 4x400, it does not mean every runner on the team has to run a 45 second open 400, because a person starts accelerating before he/she has the baton, therefore allowing for slightly slower overall open 400 times. A 4x400 relay generally starts in lanes for the first leg, including the handoff. The second leg then proceeds to run in lanes for the first 100 meters, after which point the runners are allowed to break into the first lane on the backstretch, as long as they do not interfere with other runners. A race organizer then puts the third leg runners into a line depending on the order in which they are running (with the first place closest to the inside).

4x200, 4x800, and 4x1600 relays exist as well, but they are more rare, especially at the high school level, where schools generally have only one or two competitive strong runners in such events.

A team may be disqualified from a relay for:

* Losing the baton(dropping the baton)
* Making an improper baton exchange
* Making two false starts (or in some cases only one)
* Improperly overtaking another competitor
* Preventing another competitor from passing
* Willfully impeding, improperly crossing the course, or in any other way interfering with another competitor

The largest relay event in the world is the Penn Relays, which attracts over 15,000 competitors annually on the High School, Collegiate and Professional levels, and over its three days attracts upwards of 100,000 spectators. It is credited with popularizing Relay Racing in the sport of Track & Field.

The world's longest relay race is Japan's Prince Takamatsu Cup Nishinippon Round-Kyūshū Ekiden, which begins in Nagasaki and continues for 1064 km.

Long Distance Relay Races: Becoming increasingly popular with long-distance and marathon runners, a long distance relay race typically has runners traveling from 5 to 10 kilometer distances per leg and several legs per race. A race can be run over the course of a day, or may span two or more days with participants running throughout the night. Two examples of a long distance relay race include (in Canada) the [ Shore to Shore Relay Race] which runs 305 kilometers over two days with six to twelve runners, and (in the U.S.A.) the [ Hood to Coast] relay race which takes runners from the top of Oregon's Mt. Hood to the Pacific Ocean in Seaside Oregon (315 km.). Some newer 200 plus mile relay races in the US emphasize scenic rural routes. A few of these are the [ Wild West Relay] (Fort Collins to Steamboat Springs) in Colorado, the [ Green Mountain Relay] (Jeffersonville to Bennington) in Vermont, the [ Cascade Lakes Relay] in Oregon, this being its first year and likely the longest in the United States- approximately 217 miles from Diamond Lake to Bend, Oregon, and the [ Texas Independence Relay] in Texas. Shorter long distance relay races have also proven to be popular. These shorter races range from 40 miles to 86 miles, but still incorporate the team aspect. The most popular ones in this category include [ River To River Relay] 80 miles in Southern Illinois, [ Market To Market Relay] 86 miles from Omaha to Lincoln, Nebraska [] , and the [ Brew To Brew] 43 miles from Lawerence to Kansas City, Kansas. The most exciting long distance relay run is a true team effort. It is Europe's longest relay run event [ RoParun ] from Paris, France to Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Bridging a distance of 360 miles / 530 km within a timeframe of anywhere between 35 and 50 hours non stop, this ever growing event raises millions of Euros for charity.

The Ragnar Relay Series is the largest series of Long Distance Relay Races with races in Arizona, Utah, Washington, Minnesota/Wisconsin, the DC area, Texas, and Florida

Medley relay

Medley relay events are also occasionally held in track meets, usually consisting of teams of four runners running progressively longer distances. The Distance Medley Relay consists of four legs run at distances of 1200, 400, 800, and 1600 meters. The Sprint Medley Relay usually consists of four legs run at distances of 400, 200, 200, and 800 meters, though a more uncommon variant of 200, 100, 100 and 400 meters (Sometimes called a Short Sprint Medley) also exists. See also Swedish relay.

In medley swimming, each swimmer uses a different stroke (in this order): backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle, with the added limitation that the freestyle swimmer cannot use any of the first three strokes. At competitive levels, essentially all freestyle swimmers use the front crawl. Note that this order is different from that for the individual medley, in which a single swimmer swims butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, and freestyle, in that order.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • relay race — relay ,race noun count a race between two or more teams where each member of the team does part of the race and then another member continues …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • relay race — relay .race n a running or swimming race between two or more teams in which each member of the team takes part one after another …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • relay race — n. a race between two or more teams, each runner going in turn only a part of the total distance …   English World dictionary

  • relay race — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms relay race : singular relay race plural relay races a race between two or more teams where each member of the team does part of the race and then another member continues …   English dictionary

  • relay race — bėgimo estafetė statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Estafetė, kurioje vyrauja bėgimas. Bėgimo estafetė dažniausiai taikoma kaip fizinio rengimo priemonė. atitikmenys: angl. relay race vok. Staffellauf, m rus. беговая эстафета …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • relay race — estafetinis bėgimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Bėgimo, dažniausiai trumpųjų nuotolių, rūšis – nustatytą (arba sutartą) nuotolį (etapą) bėga vis kitas dalyvis. Kaip įdomi ir naudinga fizinių pratimų, žaidimų grupė,… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • relay race — estafetinis bėgimas statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Komandinė lengvosios atletikos rungtis: etapais suskirstytą nuotolį įveikia komandos nariai, po kiekvieno etapo perduodami estafetės lazdelę komandos draugui. Tikslas – kuo… …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • relay race — race in which the members of a team alternately replace each other …   English contemporary dictionary

  • relay race with passing an object — perdavimų estafetė statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Estafetė, kurioje vyrauja žaidimo įrankio (kamuolio, ritinio) perdavimas iš rankų į rankas arba per atstumą. atitikmenys: angl. relay race with passing an object vok. Staffel …   Sporto terminų žodynas

  • relay race with an object — nešamoji estafetė statusas T sritis Kūno kultūra ir sportas apibrėžtis Estafetė, kurios tikslas nunešti žaidimo įrankį. atitikmenys: angl. relay race with an object vok. Staffel des Tragens, f rus. эстафета с переносом предмета …   Sporto terminų žodynas

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