.470 Capstick

.470 Capstick

Infobox Firearm Cartridge
name= .470 Capstick


caption=
origin= USA
type= Rifle
designer= Col. Arthur B. Alphin
design_date=1990
manufacturer=A-Square
production_date=
number=
variants=
is_SI_specs=
parent=.375 H&H Magnum
case_type=Belted, straight
bullet=.475
neck=.499
shoulder=
base=.513
rim_dia=.532
rim_thick=
case_length=2.85
length=3.65
rifling=10
primer=Large rifle
is_SI_ballistics=
bw1=500
btype1=Solid
vel1=2400
en1=6394
bw2=500
btype2=Woodleigh Soft
vel2=2376
en2=6266
bw3=500
btype3=GS Custom Flat Nose Solid
vel3=2342
en3=6088
bw4=500
btype4=Cast Lead
vel4=1130
en4=1417
bw5=400
btype5=Speer Flat
vel5=2484
en5=5479
test_barrel_length=26in
balsrc= "Cartridges of the World" cite book | last = Barnes | first = Frank C. | editor = McPherson, M.L. | title = Cartridges of the World | edition = 8th Edition | origyear = 1965 | year = 1997 | publisher = DBI Books | pages = 227,230 | isbn = 0-87349-178-5]
The .470 Capstick is a rifle cartridge created by Col. Arthur B Alphin from A-Square in 1990, named after writer and hunter Peter Hathaway Capstick. It is based on a .375 H&H Magnum case blown out and necked to accept a .475 inch (12 mm) bullet. With 500 grain (32 g) bullets, it can achieve 2400 feet per second (730 m/s) muzzle velocity from a 26" barrel.

Overview

Although it is not very flat shooting because of slow velocities, it is flat enough for use out to 250 yards (230 m). It transmits an extreme amount of power at over 6,000 ft·lbf (8,000 J) and is designed for use on dangerous game out to 200 yards. Like other large cartridges, the high energy performance is accompanied by a large amount of recoil.

The Capstick is very similar in dimension to the .470 Ackley, but where the Ackley uses a convert|600|gr|sing=on bullet, the Capstick uses a lighter convert|500|gr|sing=on bullet for a better trajectory.

The Cartridge

The 470 Capstick is a belted magnum with the same rim and belt size as a .375 H&H. The case has a length of 2.800 inches, and the overall cartridge length is 3.65 inches. A cartridge drawing is shown below for dimensions.

The 470 Capstick will fit in the same length action as the .375 H&H Magnum and .458 Lott. The photo at left below provides a comparison of the 470 Capstick to the .375 H&H Magnum and the .458 Lott cartridges. Actually the .458 Lott is a good measuring stick for the 470 Capstick. The Capstick has a bullet that has 7% more cross sectional area than the .458 Lott, which, in theory, would result in more shock transfer to game and a larger wound channel.. As for powder capacity and velocity, they are similar, with the 470 Capstick having a slight edge in powder capacity and therefore a slight edge in theoretical velocity. However, for field use the 470 Capstick and .458 Lott should have identical performance because the differences between them are rather small.

That being said, the differences in field results between the .458 Winchester Magnum and the .470 Nitro Express should be nonexistent, because both push a 500 grain bullet at 2150 f.p.s. But some people have noted an observable difference in the way shot game behaves with those two cartridges, possibly due to the greater cross sectional area of the .474” bullet. If desired, the 470 Capstick can be used to create a ballistic twin to the .470 Nitro Express, pushing a 500 grain bullet at 2150 f.p.s. while generating low pressure.

For those who remember the .475 Ackley, it is similar to the 470 Capstick, except that the Capstick has a ghost shoulder which allows the cartridge to achieve excellent accuracy. Use of a ghost shoulder, rather than a continuous taper on the case wall, helps the cartridge to line up concentrically with the bore axis, contributing to accuracy.

Although it is possible to use 600 grain bullets in the 470 Capstick cartridge, the powder capacity is not sufficient to push 600 grains at anything near 2300 f.p.s. without high pressure, so I do not think this is the best bullet weight for the Capstick. 500 grain bullets seem to be the best all-around compromise. With full power loads, recoil is significant but not difficult to control or become accustomed to. Recoil from the cast lead bullet load shown below is almost nonexistent. For plinking or light game hunting, 400 grain pistol bullets are a candidate, but they generate almost as much recoil as 500 grain bullets. The advantage of 400 grain bullets is that they are inexpensive and will open up quickly on light game. In my rifle they also tend to hit at least 6 inches higher than the 500 grain bullets, creating an inconvenience for the hunter who wishes to use both bullets on the same hunting excursion.

The Rifles

Currently factory rifles in 470 Capstick are available from A-Square, from the Winchester Custom Shop and from Fuchs Fine Guns (http://www.jagdwaffe.com). However, that short list should not disappoint the reader because there are many options for building a nice custom rifle in .470 Capstick. Any action that can handle the .375 H&H Magnum is a suitable candidate.

The easiest conversion is a CZ550 that came from the factory in .375 H&H Magnum, .458 Winchester Magnum or .458 Lott. All that has to be done is to replace the barrel with another in 470 Capstick Barrels are available from Lothar-Walther (http://www.lothar-walther.de) and Pac-Nor (http://www.pac-nor.com). A 2nd recoil lug must be added to the underside of the barrel and inletted into the forearm of the stock. The 2nd recoil lug will spread recoil that the stock is exposed to, across a wider surface area to avoid splitting the stock. Glass or steel bedding is recommended. Some minor polishing or adjusting of the ramp and rails may be needed, and then the rifle is ready to shoot. The advantage of the CZ550 conversion is that they typically hold 5 rounds in the magazine box plus one in the chamber, and very little work is usually needed to get them to feed.

A Winchester Model 70 Classic (claw extractor) can also easily be converted to 470 Capstick. In addition to the steps above, the magazine box spring must also be replaced with one that has a traditional Z-shape instead of the curly-Q style that the factory provides. The Winchester conversion may only hold 2 cartridges in the magazine box, unless you purchase an extra deep magazine box and bottom metal from Sunny Hill (through http://www.brownells.com), Williams Firearms (http://www.williamsfirearms.com/) Jim Wisner (http://www.wisnersinc.com/) or Ted Blackburn (801 373 3526) Use of an extra deep magazine box necessitates replacement of the stock with another stock having greater depth of wood. Alternatively, it may be possible to fit 3 rounds in a model 70 conversion with the factory magazine box if the follower is replaced with one having a lower profile, or if the follower is milled to shorten it.

Another option is to rebuild a surplus military Mauser 98 action to be a 470 Capstick dangerous game rifle. This is a very involved project and includes replacing the magazine box/bottom metal, spring and follower and opening up the receiver to match it. Further, some machining of the new magazine box may be needed, since no one makes a magazine box expressly intended to hold 4 rounds of 470 Capstick. Proper feeding is not easy to accomplish and requires a big bore expert such as Dennis Olson of Plains, Montana, to radically modify the rails and ramp. A picture of a Mauser 98 in 470 Capstick is shown on the left.

The stepped configuration of the feed rails of that rifle is shown below. The stepped feed rails plus a modified feed ramp, achieve smooth feeding of flat nosed solid bullets in this rifle. Any of these routes can result in a very functional and very accurate dangerous game rifle. The author’s personal preference of a Mauser 98 action is not the route for persons seeking a budget-oriented rifle, or for persons who do not have access to a gunsmith who is a genuine big bore expert. Frankly speaking, there are not a lot of gunsmiths who know how to get a big bore to feed properly, making the CZ550 conversion very attractive because there is so little to do.

In the Field

The 470 Capstick is designed for use as a dangerous game cartridge but it has proven very useful on light game as well. The key is to select a bullet suitable for the game. If a bullet designed for use on cape buffalo is used on whitetails, it undoubtedly will not expand. For light game, Hawk bullets which expand quickly or 400 grain pistol bullets may be best. When the 470 Capstick is loaded with a 500 grain bullet to a muzzle velocity of 2300 f.p.s. and sighted in 3 inches high at 100 yards, it is only about a foot low at 300 yards, giving it more effective range than many cartridges which are popular for deer and elk hunting. I have lobbed 470 Capstick bullets into game at that range, so it cannot be too difficult.

Another consideration in choosing a bullet for hunting is the velocity window of the bullet. For example, the 500 grain Woodleigh soft point is designed to expand at .470 Nitro Express velocities (2150 f.ps.), and if pushed to the 2400 f.p.s. potential of the 470 Capstick, the Woodleigh will tend to expand very quickly and sacrifice penetration. To the right is a 500 grain Woodleigh soft nose fired from a 470 Capstick into a kudu, at less than 20 yards, with about 2350 f.p.s muzzle velocity. The recovered bullet weighs exactly 400 grains and measures 1.02” x 0.72”. The Woodleigh soft nose was designed to expand at the lower velocities of the .470 Nitro Express, and the fact that it held together at all in the 470 Capstick is testimony to the Woodleigh’s toughness. Penetration was just over 3 feet.

ee also

* List of rifle cartridges
* 12 mm caliber

References


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