Norman Manea

Norman Manea
Norman Manea

Norman Manea (born July 19, 1936) is a Jewish Romanian writer and author of short fiction, novels, and essays about the Holocaust, daily life in a communist state, and exile. He is a Francis Flournoy Professor of European Culture and writer in residence at Bard College. He currently lives in the United States.

His most acclaimed book The Hooligan’s Return (2003), is an original novelistic memoir, encompassing a period of almost 80 years, from the pre-war period, through the Second World War, the communist and post-communist years to the present.

Norman Manea has been known and praised as an international important writer since early 1990s, and his work have been translated into more than 20 languages.

He has received more than 20 awards, including the 1984 Literary Prize of the Romanian Writer's Union (withdrawn by the Communist authorities), the 1992 Guggenheim Fellowship Award (USA) the 1992 MacArthur Fellows Award, the 1993 Literary Medal of the New York Public Library, the 2002 Nonino International Literary Prize (Italy), the 2006 election in the Berlin Academy of Art, the 2006 Prix Medicis Etranger (France), the 2007 Order of Cultural Merit by the President of Romania, the 2008 Honorary Degree in literature by the Bucharest and Cluj universities (Romania), the Legion of Honor (France).


Early years

Born in Burdujeni-Suceava (Bukovina, Romania), Norman Manea was deported as a child, in 1941, by the Romanian fascist authorities, allied with Nazi Germany, to the concentration camp of Transnistria in the Ukraine with his family and the entire Jewish population of the region. He returned in 1945 to Romania with the surviving members of his family and graduated with high honor the high school (liceu) Stefan cel Mare (Stephan the Great) in his home town Suceava. He studied engineering at the Construction Institute in Bucharest and graduated with master’s degree in hydro-technique in 1959, working afterwards in planning, fieldwork and research. He has devoted himself to writing since 1974.

Literary career

Norman Manea’s literary debut took place in Povestea Vorbii (The Tale of Word, 1966), an avant-garde and influential magazine that appeared in the early years of cultural “liberalization” in communist Romania and was suppressed after six issues. Until he was forced into exile (1986) he published in Romania ten volumes of short fiction, essays and novels. His work was an irritant to the authorities because of the implied and overt social-political criticism and he faced a lot of trouble with the censors and the official press. At the same time that sustained efforts were made by the cultural authorities to suppress his work, it had the support and praise of the country’s most important literary critics.

After the collapse of the Ceausescu dictatorship, several of his old and new books started to be published in Romania. The publication in the Romanian democratic press of his essays Happy Guilt, appeared in the US (The New Republic, August 1991) on Mircea Eliade and his former fascist connection provoked a big scandal in the entire Romanian press and hysteria in the nationalistic newspapers. Echoes of this scandal can be still be found in some articles of the current Romanian cultural press. Meantime, in the United States and in the European countries, Norman Manea’s writing was received with great acclaim. Over the past two decades he has been proposed as a candidate for the Nobel Prize for Literature by literary and academic personalities and institutions in the United States, Sweden, Romania, Italy and France. Important contemporary writers expressed admiration towards the author’s literary work and his moral stand before after the collapse of communism: the Nobel laureates Heinrich Boll, Gunther Grass, Octavio Paz, Orhan Pamuk, as well as Philip Roth, Claudio Magris, Antonio Tabucchi, E. M. Cioran, Antonio Munoz Molina, Cynthia Ozick, Louis Begley and others.

Awards, Honors, Distinctions

1979 - Literary Prize of the Bucharest Writers’ Association (Romania) 1984 – Literary Prize of the Romanian Writer’s Union (with drawn by the Communist authorities) 1987 – DAAD Berliner Kunstler Programm Grant (Germany) 1988 – Fulbright Scholarship, Catholic University, Washington D. C. (USA) 1989-1992 – International Academy for Scholarship and the Arts Fellowship, Bard College (USA) 1992 – Guggenheim Fellowship (USA) 1992 – MacArthur Fellows Award (USA) 1993 – The National Jewish book Award (USA) 1996 – The Marie Syrkin Jerusalem Fellowship in Letters (Israel) 1997 – The Bukovina Literary Prize (Romania) 2002 – The Nonino International Literary Prize (Italy) 2004, 2005 – American Academy Fellowship in Berlin (Germany) 2004 – The Napoli Literary Prize for foreign novel (Italy) 2005 - Holtzbrinck Prize of the American Academy in Berlin (Germany) 2005 – El Regreso del Huligan / The Hooligan’s Return, Best foreign book in Spain 2006 – Lux Mundi, the Cultural Award of Radio Romania Cultural 2006 – Elected jury member of the International Nonino Prize (Italy) 2006 – Finalist, Femina Prize (France) 2006 – Prix Medicis Etranger (France) 2006 – The Cultural Prize of Romanian International; Television (Romania) 2006 – Elected member of the Berlin Academy of Art (Germany) 2007 – Finalist, The Latinity Prize by the Association of Latin Countries 2007 – Awarded the Order of Cultural Merit (in rank of Commander) by the President of Romania (Romania) 2008 – Honorary Degree in Literature, University of Bucharest (Romania) 2008 – Honorary Degree in Literature, Babes-Bolyai University of Cluj (Romania) 2009 – The Literary Award of the Fondation du Judaisme Francais (France) 2009 – Finalist of the Literary Prize of Fundacion Principe de Asturias (Spain) 2009 – The Observator Cultural life time Award Opera Omnia (Romania) 2009 - Commandeur dans l’Ordre des Arts et des Lettres - Legion of Honor (France)


1969 Noaptea pe latura lunga / Night on the Long Side (short fiction), Editura de stat pentru literatura (The State Publishing House for Literature), Bucharest

1970 Captivi / Captives (a novel), Bucharest, Cartea Romaneasca (The Romanian Book Publishing House), Bucharest

1974 Primele porti / First Gates (short fiction), Albatros Publishing House, Bucharest

1977 Cartea Fiului / Book of the Son (novel), Eminescu Publishing House, Bucharest

1979 Anii de ucenicie ai lui August Prostul / The Apprenticeship Years of Augustus the Fool (documentary novel), Cartea Romaneasca Publishing House, Bucharest; 2005, Polirom Publishing House, Iasi

1981 Octombrie, ora opt / October, eight o’clock (short fiction), Dacia Publishing House, Cluj, Romania; 1997, Apostrof Publishing House, Cluj, Romania, (translated into English, French, Hebrew, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Turkish, German, Polish)

1984 Pe Contur / On the Edge (essays), Cartea Romaneasca Publishing House, Bucharest

1986 Plicul negru / The Black Envelope (novel), Cartea Romaneasca Publishing House, Bucharest ; 1996, The Cultural Foundation’s Publishing House, Bucharest ; 2003, Cartea Romaneasca Publishing House, Bucharest ; 2006 Polirom Publishing House, Iasi, (translated into English, German, Italian, Spanish, French, Chinese, Norwegian, Dutch, Greek, Hebrew, Mexican)

1997 Despre Clovni: Dictatorul si Artistul / On Clowns: The Dictator and the Artist (essays) Apostrof Publishing House, Cluj ; 2005 Polirom, Iasi, (translated into English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Hungarian, Chinese, Polish, Greek)

1999 Fericirea obligatorie / Compulsory Happiness (novellas), Apostrof Publishing House; 2005 Polirom, Iasi, (translated into English, German, French, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Greek, Mexican, Norwegian)

1999 Casa melcului / The Snail’s House (interviews), Hasefer Publishing House, Bucharest

2003 Intoarcerea huliganului / The Hooligan’s Return (novelistic memoir), Polirom, Iasi; 2006, Polirom Iasi; 2008, Polirom, Iasi, (translated into English, German, Italian, Spanish, Greek, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Portuguese, Hebrew, Hungarian, Portuguese, Chinese, Dutch)

2004 Plicuri si portrete / Envelopes and Portraits (essays), Polirom, Iasi

2006 Textul nomad / The Nomad Text (interviews), Hasefer Publishing House, Bucharest

2008 Vorbind pietrei / Talking to a Stone (poem) – accompanied by translations into ten languages, Polirom, Iasi, (translated into English, French, German, Hebrew, Swedish, Italian, Spanish, Czech, Hungarian, Polish)

2008 Inaintea despartirii / Before Parting (Conversation with Saul Bellow), Polirom, Iasi

2008 Variante la un autoportret / Variationss to a Self-Portrait (short fiction), Polirom, Iasi

2009 Vizuina / The Lair (novel), Polirom, Iasi

2010 Laptele negru / The black milk (essays and interviews), Hasefer Publishing House, Bucharest

2010 Curierul de Est. Dialog cu Edward Canterian, Polirom, Iasi


Norman Manea’s books were positively and frequently reviewed in the American, British, French, Romanian, Italian, Spanish, German press and they constitute a huge amount of articles. Essential references are to be found in: Neues Literatur Lexicon (1990, Germany), Literary Exile in the Twentieth Century: An Analysis and Biographical Dictionary (1991, USA), Contemporary Authors (Gale Group, 1995, 2008, USA), Who’s Who in America (Marquis, 1995–2010, USA), Dictionarul Esential al Scriitorilor Romani (2001, Romania), Dictionarul Analitic de Opere Literare (2001, Romania), Dictionarul Scriitorilor Romani (2001, Romania), Dictionary of Literary Biography, Twentieth Century Eastern European Writers, 2001, USA), Slovnik Rumunskych Spisovatelu (2001, Czech Republic), Enciclopedia Exilului Romanesc (2003, Romania), Dictionar Cronologic al Romanului Romanesc (2004, Romania), Dictionarul de literatura al Academiei Romane (2005, Romania), Enciclopedia della Letteratura (2008, Italy).

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Norman Manea — Norman Manea. Norman Manea (nacido el 19 de julio de 1936) es un escritor rumano de origen judío que vive en Estados Unidos. Es autor de cuentos, novelas, ensayos y un poema largo. Entre sus temas podemos destacar el Holocausto, la vida cotidiana …   Wikipedia Español

  • Norman Manea — (2008) Norman Manea (* 19. Juli 1936 in Burdujeni, Suceava) ist ein rumänischer Schriftsteller jüdischer Herkunft, der in den Vereinigten Staaten lebt. Leben 1941 wurde Manea nach Transnistrien in ein rumänisches Konzentrationslager …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norman Manea — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Manea. Norman Manea Norman Manea (né le 19 juillet 1936) est un écrivain roumain vivant aux États Unis, auteur de nouvelles, de romans et d essais sur l Holocauste, la vie quotidienn …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Manea — is a common family name and surname in Romania (pronounced Mànea). It may refer also to: People Nicolae Manea (born 1954), Romanian former footballer, currently football coach Norman Manea (born 1936), Romanian writer Manea Mănescu (born 1916),… …   Wikipedia

  • Manea — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ciprian Mircea Manea (* 1980), rumänischer Fußballspieler Dumitru Manea (Fußballspieler) (1948–2011), rumänischer Fußballspieler und trainer Dumitru Manea (Ringer) (1950–2007), rumänischer Ringer Norman… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manea — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Manea: manele Manea Mănescu Norman Manea Voir aussi Mania (mythologie) Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ion Negoiţescu — Born August 10, 1921(1921 08 10) Cluj Died February 6, 1993(1993 02 06) (aged 71) Munich Pen name …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Mam–Maq — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Childhood Memories (Creangă) — Childhood Memories   Cover of the 1959 edition (as …   Wikipedia

  • Mircea Eliade — Eliade redirects here. For other persons of the same name, see Eliade (surname). Mircea Eliade Born March 13, 1907(1907 03 13) Bucharest, Romania Died April 22, 1986( …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”