- E. G. Squier
name = Ephraim George Squier
caption = Ephraim George Squier
June 17, 1821
April 17, 1888
nationality = American
Ephraim George Squier (
June 17, 1821– April 17, 1888) was an American archaeologist.
Squier collaborated with Edwin H. Davis on the book, "
Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley", which was issued in 1848. The work was a landmark in American scientific research, the study of the prehistoric Mound Builders of North America, and the early development of Archaeology as a scientific discipline. The book was the first volume of the Smithsonian Institution's "Contributions to Knowledge" series and the Institution's first publication.
Among Squier and Davis' most important achievements was their systematic approach to analyzing and documenting the sites they surveyed, including the
Serpent Moundin Peebles, Ohio, which they discovered in 1846, and the mapping of the Mound City Group in Chillicothe, Ohio, which has been restored using their data and is now part of Hopewell Culture National Historical Park.
From 1846 to 1869, Squier was a diplomat, representing the United States in
Latin America. One of his accomplishments was the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty. During this time, he conducted archeological and ethonlogical studies, especially in Hondurasand Peru.
He was married to
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