Brownie (camera)

Brownie (camera)

Brownie was the name of a long-running and extremely popular series of simple and inexpensive cameras made by Kodak. The Brownie popularized low-cost photography and introduced the concept of the snapshot. The first Brownie, introduced in February, 1900, [ [ List of Brownie models] at George Eastman House] was a very basic cardboard box camera with a simple meniscus lens that took 2¼-inch square pictures on 117 rollfilm. With its simple controls and initial price of $1, it was intended to be a camera that anyone could afford and use. The camera was named after the popular cartoons created by Palmer Cox

One of the most popular Brownie models was the Brownie 127, millions of which were sold between 1952 and 1967. The Brownie 127 was a simple bakelite camera for 127 film which featured a simple meniscus lens and a curved film plane to reduce the impact of deficiencies in the lens.

Having written an article in the 1940s for amateur photographers suggesting an expensive camera was unnecessary for quality photography, the famous Picture Post photographer Bert Hardy used a Brownie camera to stage a carefully posed snapshot of two young women sitting on railings above a breezy Blackpool promenade. [ [ Bert Hardy snapshot] ]

In 1908, the Austrian architectural critic Joseph August Lux wrote a book called "Künstlerische Kodakgeheimnisse" (Artistic Secrets of the Kodak) in which he championed the use of the camera for its cultural potential. Guided by a position that was influenced by the Catholic critique of modernity, he argued that the accessibility the camera provided for the amateur meant that people could photograph and document their surroundings and thus produce a type of stability in the ebb and flow of the modern world. [ Mark Jarzombek. "Joseph Agust Lux: Theorizing Early Amateur Photography - in Search of a "Catholic Something"," "Centropa" 4/1 (January 2004), 80-87.]

Beau Brownie

The Beau Brownie range was available from 1930 to 1933.

They differed very little from the ever-popular Brownie cameras; the only real difference being the introduction of the new "Doublet Lens", allowing the same picture to be projected on a film plate over a shorter distance, thus making the Beau Brownies nearly 2" shorter than their conventional counterparts.

Visually, they differed with the arrival of new enameled two-tone front plates in a heavily geometric and contemporary Art Deco design, the work of leading American Deco designer, Walter Dorwine Teague.

They were available in five colour combinations: Black and Burgundy, Brown and Tan, Two-tone Blue, Two-tone Green, and Two-tone Rose. The Rose and Green cameras were produced only between 1930 and '31, and therefore rarer than the others.They also were encased in a desirable faux-leatherette casing.

They were available in No.2 and 2A formats, just like the Brownies. The No.2 measuring 2 ¼" by 3 ¼" and using 120 roll film, and the 2A measuring 2¼" by 4¼", and taking 116 roll film.

They are visually distinguishable by the thicker, bakelite rim on the No. 2As, and the fact that it is an inch taller than the No. 2.

They originally cost $4 for a No. 2, and $5 for a No. 2A.


External links

*US patent|725034 Kodak Brownie, patented by Frank Brownell, filed July 1900
* [ The Brownie Camera @ 100: A Celebration on the Kodak website]
* [ The Kodak Brownie Box Camera Page by Remy Steller]
* [ The Brownie Camera Page by Chuck Baker]
* [ Kodak Brownie Target Six-20: A Review]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Brownie — may refer to:* Brownie (mythology), a type of fairy, elf or tomte * The Brownies , a series of books by Palmer Cox featuring the mythical creatures * Brownie (Girl Guides), junior Boy/Girl Guide or junior Boy/Girl Scout * Brownie (camera), a… …   Wikipedia

  • Brownie (Folklore) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brownie. Brownies Un brownie est un personnage du folklore écossais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brownie (mythologie) — Brownie (folklore) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brownie. Brownies Un brownie est un personnage du folklore écossais …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brownie (appareil photographique) — The Brownie No 2. A Walter Dorwin Teague Beau Brownie camera …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Brownie (folklore) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Brownie. Brownies Un brownie est un personnage du folklore écossais. Génie domestique sympathique et travailleur, il effectue les t …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camera — For other uses, see Camera (disambiguation). Various cameras A camera is a device that records and stores images. These images may be still photographs or moving images such as videos or movies. The term camera comes from the camera obscura… …   Wikipedia

  • camera — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. See optical instruments. II (Roget s IV) n. Kinds of cameras include: camera obscura, astrograph, camera lucida, camcorder, cinecamera, X ray machine, image orthicon, photochronograph, photogrammeter …   English dictionary for students

  • Disposable camera — Kodak Ultra disposable camera with inbuilt flash The disposable or single use camera is a simple box camera sold with a roll of film installed, meant to be used once. Most use focus free lenses. Some are equipped with an integrated flash unit,… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the camera — The first permanent photograph was made in 1826 or 1827 by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce using a sliding wooden box camera made by Charles and Vincent Chevalier in Paris. Niépce built on a discovery by Johann Heinrich Schultz (1724): a silver and chalk …   Wikipedia

  • Box camera — The box camera is, with the exception of the pin hole camera, a camera in its simplest form. The classic box camera is shaped more or less like a box, hence the name. A box camera has a simple optical system, often only in the form of a simple… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”