- Painted Desert, Arizona
:"For other uses, see
Painted Desert".Painted Desert is the name for a broad area of colorful badlandslocated in Northern Arizonain the United States. The desertstretches from the Grand Canyon National Parkinto the Petrified Forest National Parkand runs roughly astride and just "north" of the Little Colorado and the Puerco Rivers. The area within the Petrified Forest National Wilderness is also known as the Painted Desert Wilderness. Much of the Painted Desert region is located within the Navajo Nation. The region is also home to a number of county parks Fact|date=August 2008 such as the Little Painted Desert County Parkfound just north of Winslow. The Navajo and the Hopipeople have lived in the region for at least five hundred, and one thousand years, respectively. However, the modern name for the desert comes from the Spaniards who named it "el Desierto Pintado" due to its brightly colored landscape. [http://www.reference.com/search?q=el%20desierto%20pintado&r=d&db=web]
The desert comprises stratified layers of mineral and decayed
organic matterFact|date=August 2008. Many hardened dunes can be found. These hardened dunes are visually distinct due to the bands of grays, reds, oranges and yellows which are then shaped by natural wind and rain patterns. The area is noted to be especially beautiful at sunset and sunrise when the land appears to glow in hues of violet, blue, red and gold. Other key features include the many mesas and buttes that rise sharply from the desert floor. Sparse desert floraand faunacan also be found, especially in wet years.
In the southern portions of the desert the remains of a
Triassic Era coniferousforest have fossilizedover millions of years. Wind, water and soil erosioncontinue to change the face of the landscape by shifting sedimentand exposing layers of the Chinle Formation. An assortment of fossilized prehistoricplants and animals are found in the region, as well as dinosaur tracks and the evidence of early human habitation.
Much of the region is accessible only by foot or unpaved road though major highways and paved roads cut across the area. Depending on use, location and duration of stay, travelers might be required to purchase
permits from the appropriate authorities. The towns of Cameron and Tuba City, both within the Navajo Nation, are two major settlements. One interesting side note about Tuba City and Cameron is that parking lots and yards are often covered by bright red dust that is blown in from the surrounding lands by dust storms. Currently coaland petroleummining operations are active in the region and red clayis retrieved from the desert by locals. This clay is then used to produce handmade potteryto be sold at roadside stands and souvenir shops.
* [http://www.fs.fed.us/land/pubs/ecoregions/ch36.html#313D Ecological Subregions of the United States - US Forest Service]
* [http://www.wilderness.net/index.cfm?fuse=NWPS&sec=wildView&wname=Petrified%20Forest%20National Petrified Forest Wilderness Area] at Wilderness.net
Sources and external links
* [http://www.lapahie.com/Navajo_Map_Lg.cfm Regional map for Navajo Lands]
* [http://www.hopi.nsn.us/visitors.asp Regional Map and Visitor Information for Hopi Lands]
* [http://www.nps.gov/pefo/ National Park Services Website - Petrified Forest National Park]
* [http://www.nps.gov/archive/pefo/Centennial/history_exhibit_panel_1.htm National Park Services Website - Early Naming]
* [http://www.nps.gov/archive/pefo/In_Depth/Geology.htm Geology of the region]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.