National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research

National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research
Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research Academic block
Established 3 December 1975
Type Govt. of India, Research, Institution
Director Dr. Sanjay Kumar Das
Students 560 per yr
Location Olatpur, Cuttack, Orissa, India
Campus Rural, Olatpur, 30 km from Cuttack and Bhubaneswar.

Swami Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research (S.V.NIRTAR) is an autonomous Institute functioning under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment of India. It is located in Olatpur, 30 km from Cuttack.[1] and Bhubaneswar.



The Institute was conceived to provide manpower to the Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India and created in the name of Directorate of Artificial Limbs Fitting Centre (DALFC) in March 1974 and started functioning at Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi. When the Institute was shifted to a rented place in Safdarjung Enclave, its name was changed to Central Institute of Prosthetic and Orthotic Training (CIPOT).[2]

Following the offer of available land at Olatpur by former Orissa Chief Minister Nandini Satpathy during former Indian prime minister Indira Gandhi's visit to Orissa, Indira suggested Balu Sankaran, Professor Emeritus at St Stephens Hospita and family surgeon to Indira Gandhi to study the feasibility of starting the Institute in Olatpur. The Institute was shifted from New Delhi to Olatpur in November 1975 and started functioning from 3 December 1975 following the recommendations of Balu Sankaran. Subsequently the name of the Institute was changed from CIPOT to National Institute of Prosthetic and Orthotic Training (NIPOT) in 1976.[3][4]

Courses and Services

The institute offers Bachelor Degree in Physiotherapy (B.P.T.) 4½ yr, Bachelor Degree in Occupational therapy (B.O.T.) 4½ yr, Bachelor Degree in Prosthetics and Orthotics (BPO)4 ½yr , 2yr Masters degree in Occupational therapy(Neurology,Hand Therapy,Devlopemental disabilities & Rehabilitation) and Physiotherapy (Neurology, Paediatric,Musculoskeletal & Rehabilitation), and Diplomate in National Board of Examination (DNB). It also conducts short orientation courses, Continuing Medical Education courses for rehabilitation professionals, awareness programmes for the functionaries of Govt. and Non-Govt., Persons with disabilities and their relatives etc. [3] The institute also undertakes programmes of rehabilitation and provides services to orthopaedically handicapped and allied health problems.[5]

Rehabilitation Services

Patients with locomotor / orthopaedic disabilities due to various ailments like poliomyelitis, Cerebral Palsy, Congenital Deformities, Leprosy, Burn contracture, Paraplegia, Hemiplegia etc. and hearing and speech disabilities are treated and rehabilitated. Patients/Persons with disabilities requiring artificial limbs and other rehabilitation aids and appliances are provided to prevent the impairment leading to disability and to make them near normal and to carry on their activities for daily living. The rehabilitation is provided through the following infrastructure:

    • 100 bedded hospital.
    • Prosthetic and Orthotic Unit.
    • Physiotherapy Unit.
    • Occupational therapy Unit.
    • Two well equipped operation theatres for performing corrective and reconstructive surgeries.
    • Microsurgery.
    • Assessment Clinic consisting of Rehabilitation Specialists & professionals to evaluate the patients.
    • Radiological and Pathological investigation Units.
    • Cerebral Palsy Clinic.
    • Hand Clinic.
    • Speech Therapy.
    • Psychological counselling.
    • Vocational counselling, Training and Guidance.
    • Workshop for hand splints.
    • Hydrotherapy.
    • Modern and Sophisticated Rehabilitation equipments.
    • Rehabilitation Park.

Prosthetics and Orthotics

Head of the Department: Mr. Somnath Rout

Prosthetics and Orthotics science is now one of the worlds fastest growing area of research and development. Prosthetics is the study of prescribing, designing and fitting artificial replacements (may be any part of a normal human body) by biologically feasible materials, they may be of internal type (e.g. artificial body implants, internal knee joints used in knee joint replacement surgery, etc.) or external type (artificial limbs, aesthetic fingers, etc. ) and one who is expert in this science is called as a Prosthetist, he mainly deals with the external type of replacement. A prosthetist deals with mainly amputees (unilateral, bilateral, trilateral, quadrilateral, etc.), congenital malfunctioning of limbs etc. Similarly, Orthotics is the study of prescribing, designing and fitting supportive devises to any part of human body with any neuromusculoskeletal disorders and one who is expert in this science is called as an Orthotist. Sometime splints are referred as orthosis (the devise), they are otherwise but indeed, used for a short period of time. Some of the pathologies where orthotists play an important roll are all type of paralysis patient (hemiplegics, paraplegics, triplegics, quadriplegics, etc.), polio myelitis, muscular dystrophy, CTEV, Cerebral Palsy, Burn injury, fractures (mainly fractures of cervical vertebrae), diabetic foot, leprosy, Perthe's disease, PID, LBP, Vertebral deformities (scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis, spondylolisthesis, etc.), phlagiocephalics, any LMN disorders, etc. Apart from prosthesis and orthosis, a Prosthetist and Orthotist is the only licensed professional in India to prescribe mobility aids and appliances i.e. crutch, wheel chair, walker, etc. Their two prosthetics and orthotics workshops, one is called as the old workshop which is near about 38 years old meant for production and the latest is a new workshop meant only for academics and research which is equipped with latest pneumatic technology, with workshop layout by Ottobock healtcare, Germany.

The following aids and appliances are fabricated by department of prosthetics and orthotics at S.V.NIRTAR:

    • Endoskeletal Prosthesis (S.V.NIRTAR is the only premiere institute in India to have workshop facility and availability of components for endoskeletal Below Knee and Above Knee prosthesis with soft cosmetic cover ).
    • Immediate Post Operative Prosthesis (removable and readjustable system)
    • Plastic FO, AFO, KAFO
    • Metallic AFO, KAFO and HKAFO
    • Co-polymer Polypropylene spinal braces
    • Aluminum alloy spinal braces
    • Wrist driven, Shoulder driven hand and upper arm splints
    • Fracture bracing

Occupational therapy

Head of the Department: Mr Sunil Mokhasi

Occupational Therapy (OT) is being practiced in India for more than five decades. OT is one of the important health disciplines. Occupational Therapists provide services to the individuals whose functional abilities are affected due to physical or mental illness, aging process, developmental problems, emotional problems. Occupational Therapists use purposeful, goal-oriented activities to achieve its goals that is to help the individual to be functionally independent having satisfactory life.The Department of Occupational Therapy is well equipped to provide services to disabled clients at S.V.NIRTAR.

The following services are available at the Department of Occupational Therapy:

    • Evaluation and Management of Functional Deficits
    • Developmental Therapy
    • Behavioral therapy
    • Hand Therapy
    • ADL Training
    • Advice on Barrier-free Environment
    • Sensory integration therapy
    • Small hand Splints (temporary)


Head of the Department: Mr. P.P.Mohanty

Physiotherapy (PT) is the branch of modern treatment that deals with the diseases and disorders by physical/natural means. It is not merely application of physical modalities, but it includes evaluation, assessment, treatment planning and treatment application, re-assessment, modification of treatment programmes and advice to the client. The department of P.T. caters services to both out and in patients. Patients anr allotted to therapists who evaluate, assess and plan out the treatment and execute the therapy. Difficult and problematic cases are discussed in the departmental meetings and therapeutic measures appropriate for them are given. Suitable “Home exercise programmes“ are advised to patients.

The following services are available at Dept. of Physiotherapy.

    • Electrotherapy – Electrical stimulation, Interferential therapy, TENS etc.
    • Actinotherapy – Ultraviolet, Infrared Radiation, LASER etc.
    • Heat therapy – Paraffin wax bath, moist heat, Ultrasound, Short Wave Diathermy,Microwave Diathermy etc.
    • Exercise therapy
    • Manual therapy including traction and soft tissue manipulation
    • Hydrotherapy and Cryotherapy
    • Misc- CDG-Gait analyser, KIN KOM-Isokinetic unit, Pulsed Electromagnetic energy, Biofeedback etc.


  1. ^ "Nirtar protest intensifies". The Telegraph. 3 June 2008. 
  2. ^ "National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research - History". Retrieved 2009-04-10. 
  3. ^ a b "National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research official website". 
  4. ^ G.R.Madan. Indian Social Problems, Vol. 2 (PB). Allied Publishers Private Limited. p. 590. ISBN 8177642723, ISBN. 
  5. ^ J.Madhu Bala. Methods Of Teaching Exceptional Children. Discovery Publishing House. p. 196. ISBN , ISBN. 

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