- Kwasio language
Kwasio Ngumba, Kola Spoken in Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea Region along and near the coast at the border between Cameroon and Equatorial Guinea Ethnicity Kwasio, Gyele Pygmies Native speakers 22,000 (1982) Language family DialectsKwasioMvumboMabiGyeleKola Language codes ISO 639-3 either:
nmg – Kwasio–Mvumbo
gyi – Gyele–Kola
The Kwasio language, also known as Ngumba / Mvumbo, Bujeba, and Gyele / Kola, is a language of Cameroon, spoken in the south along the coast and at the border with Equatorial Guinea by some 70 000 members of the Ngumba, Kwasio, Gyele and Mabi peoples. The Kwasio, Ngumba, and Mabi are village farmers; the Gyele (also known as the Kola or Koya) are nomadic Pygmy hunter-gatherers living in the rain forest.
Dialects are Kwasio (aka Kwassio, Bisio), Mvumbo (aka Ngumba, Ngoumba, Mgoumba, Mekuk), and Mabi (Mabea). The Gyele speak to subdialects of Mvumbo, Gyele in the north and Kola aka Koya in the south, variously spelled Giele, Gieli, Gyeli, Bagiele, Bagyele, Bajele, Bajeli, Bogyel, Bogyeli, Bondjiel and Likoya, Bako, Bakola, Bakuele, also Bekoe. The local derogatory term for pygmies, Babinga, is also used.
Kwasio is a tonal language. As a Bantu language, it has noun class system. The Kwasio noun class system is somewhat reduced, having retained only 6 genders (a gender being a pairing of a singular and a plural noun class).
- Serge BAHUCHET, 2006. "Languages of the African Rainforest « Pygmy » Hunter-Gatherers: Language Shifts without Cultural Admixture." In Historical linguistics and hunter-gatherers populations in global perspective. Leipzig.
- Map of Gyele language from the LL-Map project
- Information on Gyele language from the MultiTree project
- Bakola documentation project, DoBeS
Languages of Cameroon OfficialFrench · English National55 Afro-Asiatic languages, two Nilo-Saharan languages, and 173 Niger-Congo languages Non-officialGyele Languages of Equatorial Guinea Official Indigenous Pidgin/CreoleFernando Poo Krio English · Pichi
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