Market Circle, Takoradi, Ghana

Market Circle, Takoradi, Ghana

Takoradi is in Ghana. Together with its sister city Sekondi they form the twin city of Ghana as well as the capital of Ghana's Western Region. It has a population of 335,000 (2005). It is Ghana's third largest city after Accra and Kumasi. The Takoradi Market Circle is the commercial and economic hub of the Western Region of Ghana. Covering an area of less than one kilometre. It is Ghana's best planned market. The market got its name due to the big circle in which it is situated. The stores of the market where built to form the shape. In side the circle are stalls and buildings that house the market's administrative staff.



The market was planned and built by city engineers to form the nucleus of trading for the new Takoradi city. The city became bustling after the building of the Takoradi Habour, which served as a major export centre for Ghana after the Tema Habour. Because of the high export activity, many people migrated to the city for employment and this increase warranted the setting up the market. It was to be built at a site that was to be easily accessible.


The market's site makes it probably the most accessible point in the whole of the Takoradi metropolis. Major road lead to it. The John Mensah Sarbah road[1] links the market from the South West and from the North East. The Liberation road linking it from the South East through the market to the North West. Other roads that access the market are the Ashanti Road and the Ahanata road.

Major Activities

All kinds of economic activities go on in and around the market. They include:

  • Banking
  • Trading of goods
  • Sale of food produce

Most of the major banks in the country have branches around the market area. They include:

  • Ecobank
  • UniBank
  • Zenith Bank
  • Ghana Commercial Bank
  • AmalBank
  • CAL Bank


Not all people who come to circle go through it for their groceries etc. Some prefer to buy from the outside of the circle due to convenience. As such many people who do not have stalls in the market rather prefer to sell their goods through hawking. These hawkers take over all the pedestrian walkways, parking spaces and built wooden sheds and warehouses, making the market circle untidy, dirty and congested. This is generally prohibited as it makes the regulation of market activities difficult as well as increase vehicular and human traffic. At occasions when the City guards, who serve as market law enforcement officials relax in the duty due to several reasons, these hawkers take to the streets and spaces around to market.[2] Evicting these people once they have started their illegal activities becomes expensive and time consuming.[3] Eviction exercises make pedestrian movement easier, faster and convenient.

Market Expansion

The market became congested in the late 1980s. The problem became worse in the early 1990s when the city authorities could no longer allocate space for individuals who had requested for stores, stalls etc. As such a new market was planned and built at Apremodo.[4] Apremodo is a suburb of Takoradi and about 10 kilometres from the Market Circle. Since it completion, traders have refused to move there always citing the long distance as a reason. Though the Apremdo market had been provided with water, electricity, security and warehouse facilities to make trading activities safe, conducive and disease free but the traders and shop owners have persistently refused to use it. The Apremdo Market still remains empty whiles traders are willing to sell close to refuse dumps, open drains and places of convenience.


A major problem of the market is that of filth. Due to the size of the market as well as the number of people who use it daily, there is always need to keep the market clean. In February 2011, the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolitant Assembly (STMA), the government agency that has among its responsibilities market sanitation, engaged Zoomlion, a waste management company to keep the market clean.[5] With their services available, the market is generally expected to be cleaner. The market is bordered all around by large underground gutters. These drain liquid waste from the market. Sometimes, these gutters get chocked by solid waste too. When these are not cleared, the causes flooding around the market sometimes making it impossible for vehicles to drive around it. As a way to get the gutters free, the market authorities in conjunction with the Ghana National Fire Service clean then up by using large diameter water hoses to pump water at great force through the gutters. This moves the solid waste that may have clogged up the gutter away to point where they can be collected thereby clearing the gutters up.

Fires at the Market

Like many big markets in Ghana, fires cause the most destruction to markets. The market has had a lot of fire outbreaks with most destroying properties running in several hundreds of thousands of Cedis. The most recent one was on the 16th of March, 2007[6] when properties worth millions of cedis were lost when fire swept through portions of the market. It burnt quantities of goods to ashes. The fire started around 1830 hours, was finally brought under control around 2300 hours. No casualties were recorded. After starting at one point, the fire quickly spread to other parts of the market destroying cooking oil, palm oil, cooking utensils, rubber products, foodstuffs and cloths, fowls, animals, shoes, bags and cereals, among others. In situations like this it take the intervention of fire personnel situated close to the market to bring the fires down.


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