It actually consisted of a pair of programs, TYPSET (which was basically a document editor), and RUNOFF (the output processor).RUNOFF had support for pagination and headers, as well as text justification. (
TJ-2appears to have been the earliest text justificationsystem, but it did not have the other capabilities.)
RUNOFF is a direct predecessor of the runoff document formatting program of
Multics, which in turn was the ancestor of the roffand nroffdocument formatting programs of Unix, and their descendants. It was also the ancestor of FORMAT for the IBM System/360, and of course indirectly for every computerized word processingsystem. The name is alleged to have come from the phrase at the time, "I'll run off a copy".
*Jerome H. Saltzer, [http://mit.edu/Saltzer/www/publications/CC-244.html "TYPSET and RUNOFF: Memorandum editor and type-out commands"] (
MITComputation Center CC-244, Project MACMAC-M-193, Cambridge, 1964)
*Jerome H. Saltzer, [http://mit.edu/Saltzer/www/publications/AH.9.01.html "Manuscript typing and editing: TYPSET, RUNOFF"] (Section AH.9.01, CTSS Programmer's Guide, Project MAC, Cambridge, 1966)
*Jerome H. Saltzer, [http://web.mit.edu/afs/athena.mit.edu/user/other/a/Saltzer/www/publications/PSN-40.html "Experimental Additions to the RUNOFF Command"] (Programming Staff Note 40, Project MAC, Cambridge, 1965)
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