Outline of sports

Outline of sports

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports:

Sport – a physical activity that is governed by a set of rules or customs and often engaged in competitively, sports can be played on land, in water and in the air.


Types of sports

Physical sports

Air sports

Lima Lima aerobatics team performing over Louisville.
Wingsuit flying


Members of the Gotemba Kyūdō Association demonstrate Kyūdō.

Ball over a net games

An international match of Volleyball.

Basketball family

Basketball player Dwight Howard making a slam dunk at 2008 Summer Olympic Games

Bat-and-ball (Safe haven)

Awaiting a pitch: batter, catcher, and umpire.In Baseball

Baton twirling

Board sports

Skateboard vert jump at the Sprite urban games 2006 in London.
Snowboard figure at the 2008 Shakedown
Surfing in Hawaii

Sports that are played with some sort of board as the primary equipment.


Lawn bowler Tim Mason


Catch games



Sports using bicycles or unicycles.


Combat sports

Combat sport is a competitive contact sport where two combatants fight against each other using certain rules of engagement.

Two men compete in Freestyle wrestling.
Two kendōka.
A kick in Kickboxing.
Mixed or hybrid
Ground fighting in MMA.

Cue sports

Pool balls


Three ballet dancers performing a grand jeté jump

Equine Sports

Horse racing at Arlington Park, 2007

Sports using a horse.


Flying disc sports

Football family

Football player Lionel Messi shoots from just outside the Manchester United penalty area during the 2009 UEFA Champions League Final



Trampoline gymnast Jason Burnett at 2008 Canadian National Championships

Handball Family

A 7-meter throw in Team handball.


Sometimes considered blood sports.

Kite Sports

Mixed discipline

The three components of triathlon: swimming, cycling, running

Decathlon, Heptathlon, and the Pentathlons consist of ten, seven, and five component contests that are scored together using one points system.

Musical Performance Sports

The Cavaliers, an example of a modern drum & bugle corps, performing at the 2004 DCI World Championships in Denver, Colorado.

Orienteering family

Paddle sports

See Outline of kayaking and canoeing


Pilota family

Racquet (or racket) sports

Justine Henin, a Tennis player.

Sports where a player use a racquet (or racket) to hit a ball or other objects. {{columns-list|3|

Remote control


200 meters sprint




Sled sports

United States Air Force Major Brady Canfield, 2003 U.S. skeleton champion, shows his takeoff form.

Shooting sports

Sports using a firearm.


Stick and Ball Games

Street Stunts

Tag games



A game of squash

Games involving opponents hitting a ball against a wall/walls using a racket, or other piece of equipment, or merely gloved/barehanded.

Water sports

Greece - Hungary Water polo match (World Junior Championship 2004 Naples, Italy)
Ball Sports
Michael Phelps swimming breaststroke at the 2008 Missouri Grand Prix.
Competitive Swimming
Subsurface and recreational
  • Freediving
  • Scuba Diving
  • Snorkelling
  • Immersion finswimming
  • Underwater orientation


Mind sports


Requiring little or no physical exertion or agility mind sports are often not considered true sports. Some mind sports are recognised by sporting federations.[1]

The following list is intended to represent anything that is likely to be referred to as a mind sport, not to argue their validity as sports. (See also List of world championships in mind sports)


Card Games


Speaking Sports

Strategy Board Games

A game of mahjong being played in Hangzhou, China

Motorized sports

Auto racing

The start of a Formula One race in 2008


Motorboat racing

Motorcycle racing

MotoGP racing


Animal sports

Athletics (track and field)

Pole vault

Electronic sports

Sports played using electronic devices.

Endurance sports

Miscellaneous sports

Olympic Sports

Summer Olympics

Winter Olympics


Skating sports

Speed skating.


A snowborder and a skier
A ski jumper using the V-style
Freestyle skiing

Strength sports

Sports mainly based on sheer power.

Arm Wrestling

Table sports

See also Cue Sports.

Target sports

Sports where the main objective is to hit a certain target. {{columns-list|3|

Team sports

Sports that involve teams. (Many are listed elsewhere too.) {{columns-list|4|


Sports which use the wind (apart from sailing):

Fictional sports

Sport by region


West Africa LocationWesternAfrica.png
Benin • Burkina Faso • Cape Verde • Côte d'Ivoire • Gambia • Ghana • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Liberia • Mali • Mauritania • Niger • Nigeria • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Togo
North Africa LocationNorthernAfrica.png
Algeria • Egypt • Libya • MauritaniaMorocco • Sudan • Tunisia • Western Sahara
Central Africa LocationCentralMiddleAfrica.png
Angola • Burundi • Cameroon • Central African Republic • Chad • The Democratic Republic of the Congo • Equatorial Guinea • Gabon • Republic of the Congo • Rwanda • São Tomé and Príncipe
East Africa LocationEasternAfrica.png
Burundi • Comoros • Djibouti • Eritrea • Ethiopia • Kenya • Madagascar • Malawi • Mauritius • Mozambique • Rwanda • Seychelles • Somalia • Tanzania • Uganda • Zambia • Zimbabwe
Southern Africa LocationSouthernAfrica.png
Botswana • Lesotho • NamibiaSouth Africa • Swaziland
Mayotte (France) • St. Helena (UK) • Puntland • Somaliland • Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic




Central Asia
Kazakhstan[2] • Kyrgyzstan • Tajikistan • Turkmenistan • Uzbekistan
East Asia
Hong Kong[4]Macau[5]
JapanNorth KoreaSouth Korea • Mongolia • Taiwan[6]
North Asia
Southeast Asia[8]
Brunei • Burma (Myanmar) • Cambodia[9]East Timor (Timor-Leste)[10]Indonesia[11] • Laos • Malaysia • PhilippinesSingapore • Thailand • Vietnam
South Asia
Afghanistan • Bangladesh • Bhutan• Iran • Maldives • Nepal • Pakistan • Sri Lanka
West Asia
Armenia[13] • Azerbaijan[14] • Bahrain • Cyprus[15] (including disputed Northern Cyprus) • Georgia[16]Iraq • Israel • JordanKuwaitLebanonOman • Palestine [17]Qatar • Saudi Arabia • Syria • Turkey[18] • United Arab Emirates • Yemen

Caucasus (a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them)

North Caucasus
Parts of Russia (Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachai-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai)
South Caucasus
Georgia (including disputed Abkhazia, South Ossetia) • Armenia • Azerbaijan (including disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic)


Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • Albania • Andorra • Armenia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Bulgaria • CroatiaCyprusCzech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Faroe Islands • FinlandFrance • Georgia • GermanyGibraltarGreeceGuernsey • Hungary • Iceland • Ireland • Isle of ManItalyJerseyKazakhstan • Kosovo • Latvia • Liechtenstein • LithuaniaLuxembourg • Macedonia • Malta • Moldova (including disputed Transnistria) • Monaco • MontenegroNetherlands • Norway • PolandPortugalRomaniaRussiaSan MarinoSerbia • Slovakia • Slovenia • Spain • Svalbard • Sweden • Switzerland • TurkeyUkraine
United Kingdom
EnglandNorthern IrelandScotlandWales
Vatican City
European Union

North America


Greenland • Mexico • Saint Pierre and Miquelon

United States
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Montana • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)
Central America
Belize • Costa Rica • El Salvador • Guatemala • Honduras • Nicaragua • Panama
Anguilla • Antigua and Barbuda • Aruba • Bahamas • Barbados • Bermuda • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Cuba • Dominica • Dominican Republic • Grenada • Haiti • Jamaica • Montserrat • Netherlands Antilles • Puerto Rico • Saint Barthélemy • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Martin • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Trinidad and Tobago • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands
Oceania'''(includes the continent of Australia)
Dependencies/Territories of Australia
Christmas Island[8] • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Norfolk Island
New Zealand[20]
FijiIndonesia (Oceanian part only)[22] • New Caledonia (France) • Papua New Guinea[23] • Solomon Islands • Vanuatu •
Federated States of Micronesia • Guam (US) • Kiribati • Marshall Islands • Nauru • Northern Mariana Islands (USA) • Palau • Wake Island (USA) •
American Samoa (USA) • Chatham Islands (NZ) • Cook Islands (NZ) • Easter Island (Chile) • French Polynesia (France) • Hawaii (USA) • Loyalty Islands (France) • Niue (NZ) • Pitcairn Islands (UK) • Adamstown • Samoa • Tokelau (NZ) • Tonga • Tuvalu • Wallis and Futuna (France)

South America

Argentina • Bolivia • Brazil • Chile • Colombia • Ecuador • Falkland Islands • Guyana • Paraguay • Peru • Suriname • Uruguay • Venezuela

South Atlantic

Ascension Island • Saint Helena • Tristan da Cunha

History of sports

  • Sports history organizations

Recreational sporting


Sports in court

Association football
Other sports

Sports coaching

  • Sports coaching

Sporting events

Sports training

Sports medicine

  • Sports injuries

Sports nutrition

Sports and media

Sports magazines

Sports television programs

Sports ethics and conduct

Sports participants

Sports venues

Sports venue features

Sports equipment

Game play

Sports management

Sports culture

Sports and politics

Organized sports

Sports governing bodies

World governing bodies of various notable sports:

Sociology of sport

Sport psychology

See also

Sports and games.png Sports portal

Sports-related lists


  1. ^ Bridge; Olympic Chief Backs Bridge for Entry as a Winter Sport, 26 September 1998, Alan Truscott
  2. ^   Kazakhstan is sometimes considered a transcontinental country in Central Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only.
  3. ^   The state is commonly known as simply "China", which is subsumed by the eponymous entity and civilization (China).
  4. ^   Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC.
  5. ^   Macau is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC.
  6. ^   Under the de facto control of the Republic of China (ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the PRC; see political status of Taiwan.
  7. ^   Russia is a transcontinental country; population and area figures are for Asian portion only.
  8. ^ a b Excludes Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australian external territories in the Indian Ocean southwest of Indonesia).
  9. ^ General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Provisional population totals, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, released 3 September 2008
  10. ^   East Timor is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania.
  11. ^   Indonesia is often considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia and Oceania
  12. ^   Includes Jammu and Kashmir, a contested territory among India, Pakistan, and the PRC.
  13. ^   Armenia is sometimes considered a transcontinental country physiographically in Western Asia, it has historical and sociopolitical connections with Europe.
  14. ^   Azerbaijan is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only. Figures include Nakhchivan, an autonomous exclave of Azerbaijan bordered by Armenia, Iran, and Turkey.
  15. ^   The island of Cyprus is sometimes considered a transcontinental territory in the Eastern Basin of the Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey, it has historical and socio-political connections with Europe. The U.N. considers Cyprus to be in Western Asia, while the C.I.A. considers it to be in the Middle East.
  16. ^   Georgia is often considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Eastern Europe; population and area figures are for the Asian portion only.
  17. ^   Gaza and West Bank, collectively referred to as the "Occupied Palestinian Territory" by the UN, are territories partially occupied by Israel but under de facto administration of the Palestinian National Authority.
  18. ^   Turkey is generally considered a transcontinental country in Western Asia and Southern Europe; population and area figures are for Asian portion only, excluding all of Istanbul.
  19. ^ The use and scope of this term varies. The UN designation for this subregion is "Australia and New Zealand."
  20. ^ New Zealand is often considered part of Polynesia rather than Australasia.
  21. ^ Excludes parts of Indonesia, island territories in Southeast Asia (UN region) frequently reckoned in this region.
  22. ^ Indonesia is generally considered a territory of Southeastern Asia (UN region); wholly or partially, it is also frequently included in Australasia or Melanesia. Figures include Indonesian portion of New Guinea (Irian Jaya) and Maluku Islands.
  23. ^ Papua New Guinea is often considered part of Australasia as well as Melanesia.
  24. ^ Excludes the US state of Hawaii, which is distant from the North American landmass in the Pacific Ocean, and Easter Island, a territory of Chile in South America.

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