Chris Brown (dancer)

Chris Brown (dancer)
Chris Brown performing as Chief Lemme in 1950
A flicker quill headband made by Chris Brown ca. 1930
A dance cape made of owl feathers by Chris Brown ca. 1930

Christian Jorgensen Brown (1896 - 1956) was a Native American dancer and costume maker who performed under the name Chief Lemee. Brown was active in Yosemite Valley from the 1920s to the 1950s.[1]



Brown was born in Yosemite Valley, and in his youth, his family lived near El Portal. His mother was Lena Brown, usually called a Southern Miwok, who married John Brown in 1900. He probably had some Paiute ancestry, through a band called the Kucadikadi living near Mono Lake, and may also have had Chukchansi Yokut ancestry as well.

Brown was named after Norwegian-born artist and basket collector Christian August Jorgensen (1860-1935), who lived in Yosemite Valley for many years.[2] He was "well-acquainted with Miwok ritual and religion".[3]

Brown was known as "one of the most popular personalities in Yosemite"[4], famous for performing "dances of his own invention, wearing elaborate beadwork and featherwork of his own design".[5]


He incorporated a Sioux vest and mocassins into his costume, which he obtained through a relationship with the staff of the California State Indian Museum.[4] A photo taken in 1929 also shows him wearing a war bonnet typical of the Plains Indians. His attitude at that time was to "give his audiences the tribal regalia they expected",[4] and sometimes, he would mix "Plains and California regalia to create a suitable image."[3]

In the 1930's, he incorporated costume elements more traditional among the Miwok and other California tribes, such as the temakela, a feathered flicker-quill headband, which he made. One of his examples incorporated elements of Pomo, Maidu and Wintun traditions. [6]


Brown learned the Eagle Dance from Pedro "Petelo" O'Connor, a Northern Miwok shaman and healer active from 1910 until his death in 1942.[7]

Survival skills

Brown would demonstrate survival skills such as arrowhead making,[4] and the use of soaproot as a fish poison. An anthropologist described his technique: "First he mashes soaproot bulbs on a stone; he then places the bulbs into a basket and works them into a foam; the foam is poured into Yosemite Creek; and a half hour later he displays the rainbow trout that he caught."[8] Soaproot contains a poison called saponin. In addition to the Miwok, California tribes using this technique included the Lassik, the Luiseño, the Yuki, the Yokut, the Chilula, the Wailaki, the Kato, the Mattole, the Nomlaki and the Nishinam.[9]

He built a replica of a Miwok village next to the Yosemite Museum,[4] which included a sweat house, traditionally used for pre-hunt purification ceremonies.[2]


  1. ^ Radanovich, Leroy (2004). Yosemite Valley. Arcadia Publishing. pp. 18. ISBN 9780738528779. 
  2. ^ a b Trainer, Laureen; edited by Amy Scott (2006). Yosemite: Art of an American Icon. University of California Press. pp. 195. 
  3. ^ a b Bates, Craig D. (1982). "Dressing the Part: A Brief Look at the Development of Stereotypical Indian Clothing Among Native Peoples in the Far West". Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology (University of California, Merced) 4 (2): 55–66.;jsessionid=2E28486E5DC27DED622F622D47C2799F#page-1. 
  4. ^ a b c d e National Parks. 59. National Parks and Conservation Association. 1985. pp. 12. 
  5. ^ Scott, Amy (2006). Yosemite: Art of an American Icon. University of California Press. pp. 163. 
  6. ^ Bibby, Brian; edited by Amy Scott (2006). Yosemite: Art of an American Icon. University of California Press. pp. 105–107. 
  7. ^ Bean, Lowell John (1992). California Indian Shamanism. Ballena Press. pp. 104–114. 
  8. ^ Masterkey: Anthropology of the Americas. 58-60. Los Angeles: Southwest Museum. 1984. 
  9. ^ Campbell, Paul (1999). Survival skills of native California. Gibbs Smith. pp. 433. ISBN 9780879059217. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chris Brown (album) — Chris Brown Studio album by Chris Brown Released November 29, 2005 Rec …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Brown (American entertainer) — Chris Brown Brown performing at the Brisbane Enter …   Wikipedia

  • With You (Chris Brown song) — Infobox Single Name = With You Artist = Chris Brown from Album = Exclusive B side = Released = flagicon|US December 4, 2007 flagicon|UK March 24, 2008 Format = CD, Digital download, Ringtone Recorded = 2007 Battery Studios (New York City, New… …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Barrie — For Australian Admiral Chris Barrie, see Chris Barrie (Admiral). For the director, see Christopher Barry. Chris Barrie Chris Barrie at Dimension Jump XI (2004) Born Christopher Jonathan …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Jericho — Jericho on his 2007 book tour. Ring name(s) Chris Jericho[1] Corazón de León[ …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Parnell — Parnell at the Tribeca Film Festival in 2007 Born Thomas Christopher Parnell February 5, 1967 (1967 02 05) (age  …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Elam — is the artistic director and choreographer of Misnomer dance theater.[1] He graduated from Brown University and received his MFA in dance from NYU Tisch. He has been on faculty at Brown University and The State Conservatory for the Arts in Turkey …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Kimsey — Christopher Kenneth Kimsey is a record producer, mixer and musician most famous for having co produced The Rolling Stones Undercover and Steel Wheels albums. He was also an engineer on their 1971 album Sticky Fingers as well as 1978 s Some Girls… …   Wikipedia

  • List of people with surname Brown — Brown is a common English language surname derived from the color brown as a personal feature. This list provides links to biographies of people who share this common surname, organized by area of endeavor.Activism* H. Rap Brown, American civil… …   Wikipedia

  • Chris Evans (presenter) — For other people named Christopher Evans, see Christopher Evans (disambiguation). Chris Evans Evans and Joss Stone Born Christopher James Evans 1 April 1966 (1966 04 01) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”