- Chau Van Tiep
In this Vietnamese name, the family name is Châu, but is often simplified to Chau in English-language text. According to Vietnamese custom, this person should properly be referred to by the given name Tiep.
Châu Văn Tiếp Born 1738
Phú Yên, Vietnam
Died 1784 (aged 45–46)
Vinh Long, Vietnam
Allegiance Nguyễn Lords Years of service 1773–1784 Rank General
Châu Văn Tiếp (朱文接, 1738–1784), born Châu Doãn Ngạnh (朱允梗), was an 18th century Vietnamese military commander, best known for his role as a general of Nguyễn Ánh.
Born in 1738, Chau Van Tiep was a son of a horse merchant from Phú Yên, on the southern coast of Vietnam. When Tiep was young, he mastered the martial arts and could speak both Siamese and Khmer.
In 1773, the Tây Sơn brothers revolted, so Chau Van Tiep and his family went into hiding in Hà Duy, a remote mountains on Phú Yên province. In Hà Duy, Tiep gathered an army of natives and occupied the Tra Lon mountain surrounding the area.
The Tây Sơn leader Nguyễn Nhạc invited Tiep to help him under the name of the Nguyễn prince Nguyen Phuc Duong and Tiep agreed. Shortly thereafter, Tiep defected from the Tây Sơn army and joined the Nguyễn lords. The Nguyễn governor of Long Ho[nb 1] appointed him the governor of Phu Yen and Binh Thuan.
In 1777, Tiep led an army marched north in order to reinforce the armies of the two Nguyễn Lords Nguyễn Phúc Thuần and Nguyen Phuc Duong, who were being pursued by Tây Sơn army. However, the Tây Sơn army defeated Tiep and forced him to flee along with Nguyễn Lords. Later, Tiep led his supporters back to their base in Tra Lon so that they stayed away from the conflict of Lý Tài and Do Thanh Nhon.
Later, the two Nguyễn Lords and almost all of their family members were captured and executed by Tây Sơn; the most senior surviving member was Nguyễn Ánh, the 15-year old nephew of Nguyễn Phúc Thuần. When Nguyễn Ánh returned from hiding in the Mekong Delta jungle, Tiep joined the Nguyễn loyalists. In 1780, Nguyễn Ánh proclaimed himself Nguyễn vương and gave Tiep the position "Khâm Sai Đại Đô Đốc" (King's Grand General).
In 1781, Nguyễn Ánh ordered Chau Van Tiep to lead an attack against the Tây Sơn in Dien Khanh. Again, Tiep was defeated and fled to Phú Yên. After learning of the fall of Gia Dinh, he led an army whose banner was embroidered with the four words "Lương Sơn Tá Quốc" (lit. local heroes who want to save the country) and marched toward Gia Dinh to reinforce Nguyễn Ánh. Tiep defeated the Tây Sơn garrison in Saigon and invited Nguyễn Ánh, who had been hiding on Phú Quốc island to return. Shortly thereafter, the Tây Sơn attacked again and the Nguyễn army was defeated decisively; Chau Van Tiep himself fled to Siam and requested the aid of king Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke and the king argreed.
Death and burialSee also: Battle of Rach Gam-Xoai Mut
In 1784, after the meeting with Nguyễn Ánh, Siam sent an army consisting of between 20,000 and 30,000 troops and 300 ships to help. Along with the Siamese army, Chau Van Tiep led a small Vietnamese army and navy. While Tiep's army was fighting against the Tây Sơn in Man Thit, Vinh Long Province, a Tây Sơn soldier named Bảo stabbed Tiep in the back and killed him.
Because of the ongoing war with Tây Sơn, Nguyễn Ánh temporarily buried Tiep in Vĩnh Long. After unifying Vietnam and founding Nguyễn Dynasty, Nguyễn Ánh (now called Gia Long) reburied Tiep in Vung Tau and posthumously bestowed upon him the title of Quận Công (Duke). Afterwards, Tiep was posthumously honored by the emperor Minh Mạng and the emperor Tự Đức, both descendants of Gia Long.
In popular culture
Chau Van Tiep, along with Do Thanh Nhon and Vo Tanh, was called "Gia Định Tam Hùng" (Three Heroes of Gia Dinh) in Vietnamese folk culture.
- ^ present day Vinh Long Province
- Trần Trọng Kim (2005) (in Vietnamese). Việt Nam sử lược. Ho Chi Minh City: Ho Chi Minh City General Publishing House.
- Phan Khoang (2001) (in Vietnamese). Việt sử xứ Đàng Trong. Hanoi: Văn Học Publishing House.
- Huỳnh Minh (2006) (in Vietnamese). Gia Định Xưa. Ho Chi Minh City: Văn Hóa-Thông Tin Publishing House.
- Tucker, Spencer (1999). Vietnam. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0813109663.
Gia Long Events
WivesTong Thi Lan · Tran Thi Dang · Le Ngoc Binh FamilyMinh Mang · Nguyen Phuc Canh · Nguyen Phuc Luan · Nguyen Phuc Man · Nguyen Phuc Thuan Capital worksCitadel of Saigon · Imperial City, Huế · Imperial Academy, Huế · Tomb of Gia Long · Vinh Te Canal French supportersFrench assistance to Nguyễn Ánh · Pigneau de Behaine · Jean-Baptiste Chaigneau · Philippe Vannier · Jean-Marie Dayot · Olivier de Puymanel · Théodore Lebrun Vietnamese mandarinsChau Van Tiep · Do Thanh Nhon · Le Van Duyet · Nguyen Van Thanh · Nguyen Van Tuong · Truong Tan Buu · Vo Duy Nguy · Vo TanhCategories:
- 1738 births
- 1784 deaths
- Military history of Vietnam
- Mandarins of the Nguyễn Lords
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