Charles Frederick White, Jr

Charles Frederick White, Jr

Charles Frederick White (23 Jan 1891 – 27 Nov 1956) was a Labour Party politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for the Western Division of Derbyshire firstly from 1944-1945 as an Independent Labour candidate and subsequently from 1945 to 1950 as the official Labour Party candidate. He was the son of Charles Frederick White, who had represented the same constituency for the Liberal Party from 1918 to 1923.

Charles Frederick White
Born 23 January 1891
Bonsall, Derbyshire, United Kingdom
Died 27 November 1956
Matlock, Derbyshire, United Kingdom
Nationality British
Occupation Politician and Member of United Kingdom Parliament

Contents

Family and education

White was born in Bonsall in Derbyshire in 1891, the only son of Charles Frederick White[1] and Alice Charlesworth, and had five sisters. In 1915 he married Alice Moore[citation needed].

His father has been politically active on behalf of the Liberals and had successfully broken the dynastic Conservative stranglehold on the Western Division of Derbyshire parliamentary seat by the Cavendish family from 1918 to his death in 1923 when the constituency returned to the Conservative fold.

Career

Registration agent and soldier

White worked as a registration agent[2] for his father during his unsuccessful campaign as a Liberal candidate for West Derbyshire in the 1910 General Election.

At the onset of the First World War, he joined the 6th Notts and Derbyshire Battalion of the Territorial Force,[3] a reserve formation of the British Army, in October 1914, gaining promotion to Corporal in November of the same year, and to Sergeant in March 1915, serving in the UK until his discharge from active service in 1917.

Following the war, White again worked as his father's election agent in his successful defence of the West Derbyshire seat in 1922 and during the 1923 campaign for the same seat, which was ended by his father's death.

Local politics

White inherited his father’s political activism, but developed a more socialist political outlook. White's first political post was as a member of the County Council in 1928.[2] In the following year he became a member of the Matlock Urban District Council, and he joined the Labour Party for the first time.


In 1930, White resigned from the Labour party, and joined Oswald Moseley's New Party for three months soon after it was established, thinking it would be a radical left-wing organisation. In common with many other early supporters, he left as soon as the fascist character of the movement became clear, but this was to become a point of contention during his later political career.

White subsequently rejoined the official Labour party, continuing his municipal activities in the meantime, and he was selected as the Labour prospective parliamentary candidate for West Derbyshire in 1937.

National Politics

1938

In 1938, White stood unsuccessfully as the Labour candidate[4] in a parliamentary by-election for the West Derbyshire constituency, coming second to the Conservative candidate, Henry Philip Hunloke.

1944

In 1944, despite being the official Labour prospective parliamentary candidate at the time the by-election was announced, White broke the convention that existed between the major parties in the UK during the Second World War that by-elections were unopposed and stood as an Independent Labour candidate[5] against the Conservative candidate William Cavendish in the by-election for the West Derbyshire constituency caused by the resignation of the Conservative incumbent. In an acrimonious campaign[2][6] White pressed for social change, securing the support of local Labour activists, and won[7] with a remarkable swing, polling over four thousand votes more than the second-placed Conservative candidate. Once in Parliament he took the official Labour party whip.

1945-1950

By 1945, White had been reconciled with the official Labour party and stood as the party's candidate[8] in that year's general election. He again won, but by a drastically reduced majority of just 156 votes over his Conservative opponent, William Aitken. White served as the constituency MP until the 1950 general election[1] when he stood down, and the seat reverted to a Conservative MP, Edward Wakefield.

During his time in Parliament, White's limited contributions to debate[9] focused mostly on agricultural and labour issues together with electoral reform. Whilst serving as an MP, White also became Chair of Derbyshire County Council in 1946, a post he held for the next decade.

Post 1950

Following his departure from Parliament, White remained active in local and regional politics. As well as being chair of the County Council, in 1951 he was a member of the East Midlands Transport Users Consultative Committee,[10] and was the first chair of the Peak District National Park Board[11]

Death

White died in 1956.

Recognition

White was awarded a CBE[12] in the New Year's Honours list of 1951 in recognition of his political and public works.

In 1956, a secondary school in Matlock was named the Charles White Secondary Modern[13] in recognition of both father & son's contributions to the local area. The school was later merged with another to form the extant Highfields school.

References

  1. ^ a b Who was Who, OUP 2007
  2. ^ a b c The Derbyshire Labour Movement: 1939-1945, accessed 9 May 2010
  3. ^ British Army WWI Pension Records 1914-1920, ref 11630, www.ancestry.com
  4. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949 p 326
  5. ^ Paul Addison in Chris Cook & John Ramsden (eds.), By-elections in British Politics; UCL Press, 1997 pp142-144
  6. ^ The Gazette, Montreal, Feb 14, 1944, pg 23, http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=J78tAAAAIBAJ&sjid=opgFAAAAIBAJ&pg=3661%2C6987087
  7. ^ Ottawa Citizen, 16 Feb 1944, pg 63,http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=2Q8vAAAAIBAJ&sjid=DNwFAAAAIBAJ&pg=3092%2C3006480
  8. ^ http://www.psr.keele.ac.uk/area/uk/ge45/i06.htm
  9. ^ http://www.theyworkforyou.com/search/?s=&from=1%2F1%2F1944&to=1%2F1%2F1951&person=charles+white&department=&party=&section=&column=
  10. ^ Hansard 30 July 1951, http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/written_answers/1951/jul/30/consultative-committees-membership
  11. ^ http://jimdixon.wordpress.com/2009/11/21/being-first/
  12. ^ London Gazette, issue no. 39104, published 29 December 1950, pg 12
  13. ^ http://www.andrewspages.dial.pipex.com/matlock/schools.htm#cw

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Hunloke
Member of Parliament for Western Division of Derbyshire
1944 – 1950
Succeeded by
Edward Wakefield

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

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