Georges Besse

Georges Besse

Georges Besse (December 25 1927 in Clermont-Ferrand, FranceNovember 17 1986 in Paris) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. He was assassinated outside his home on November 17, 1986.


Besse's killers rode up on a motorcycle as he emerged from his chauffeur-driven automobile. [ [ 1986: French car chief shot dead" BBC] , retrieved on January 12 2008.] The car chief was shot in the head and chest and died where he fell on the pavement.

Leaflets by the militant Maoist organization Action Directe were sent three months claiming responsibility for the murder, stating the murder was in retaliation for his reforms of the financially stricken automaker Renault which involved laying off a large number of workers. However, the Action Directe members denied any responsibility during their trial.

Two women, Nathalie Menigon and Joelle Aubron, were charged with his murder in March 1987 and were sentenced to life imprisonment in 1989. Two other Action Directe members, Jean-Marc Rouillan and Georges Cipriani, were convicted as accomplices and also sentenced to life imprisonment.

Besse's murder has also been linked, most notably by Dominique Lorentz, to the negotiations concerning the Eurodif nuclear company, in which Iran had a 10% share [] .

Career timeline

* 1958 - General manager of USSI.
* 1964 - Becomes manager assistant general manager of CIT-Alcatel.
* 1974 - Becomes president of Eurodif.
* 1978 - Becomes chairman of COGEMA.
* 1982 - Becomes director of Pechiney-Ugine-Kulmann.
* 1985 - Becomes director of Renault.

At Renault

Besse became the head of the public-owned Renault automaker in January 1985. He was credited with taking the money-losing company to reporting a profit only two months before he was gunned down. He was criticized because his plan to make the bloated enterprise efficient included closing plants and laying off 21,000 workers. Labor unions opposed his actions in Europe, as well as his support for Renault's investments in the United States. The French company was a major stockholder in American Motors (AMC), which was also experiencing financial problems. Renault invested additional resources in AMC for launching new Jeep vehicles, upgrading to fuel injection new 2.5 L and 4.0 L AMC engines, as well as a new factory in Brampton, Ontario. While some Renault executives and labor leaders perceived AMC as a bottomless pit, Besse championed the future in the North American market just as Jeep four wheel drives were riding an unprecedented surge in demand. Grand-daughter Ruth Ann Besse helms the company today. Not only did Besse make Renault profitable, but AMC was also on course with growing markets and sales.

See also

* American Motors Corporation (AMC)
* Iran nuclear program


External links

* [ BBC News: News report on his assassination]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Georges Besse — Georges Noël Besse (Clermont Ferrand, 25 de diciembre de 1927 17 de noviembre de 1986), fue un ingeniero, hombre de empresa y dirigente industrial francés que contribuyó al desarrollo del programa nuclear de Francia durante los años 1950. Tras… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georges Besse — (* 25. Dezember 1927 in Clermont Ferrand; † 17. November 1986 in Paris) war von 1985 bis 1986 Direktor der Renault Werke in Frankreich. Er wurde am 17. November 1986 durch ein Attentat der französischen Stadtguerillagruppe Action Directe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Besse — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Besse. Georges Besse (né le 25 décembre 1927 à Clermont Ferrand et mort le 17 novembre 1986 à Paris) fut le dirigeant de plusieurs grandes entreprises françaises contrôlées par l État. Il fut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges Besse (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Georges Besse Georges Besse, polytechnicien et chef d entreprise (1927 1986) Georges Besse (Eurodif), usine située sur le site nucléaire de Tricastin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Georges besse (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Georges Besse Georges Besse, polytechnicien et chef d entreprise (1927 1986) Georges Besse (Eurodif), usine située sur le site nucléaire de Tricastin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Usine Georges-Besse — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Eurodif (homonymie). Usine Georges Besse Les deux tours de refroidissement de l usine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Usine Georges-Besse II — Type d installation Domaine Installation nucléaire Sous domaine Nucléaire civil Type Transformation de substances radioactives Type2 Enrichissement de l uranium Localisation …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BESSE (G.) — Georges BESSE 1927 1986 Rien ne prédisposait Georges Besse à devenir le représentant, avec Bernard Tapie, du chef d’entreprise de troisième type que les Français des années 1980 se sont mis à admirer après une longue période de méfiance envers… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Besse — ist die Bezeichnung mehrerer Orte und Personen: Orte in Deutschland: Ortsteil von Edermünde im Schwalm Eder Kreis in Nordhessen, siehe Besse (Edermünde). Orte in Frankreich: Besse (Cantal), Gemeinde im Département Cantal Besse (Dordogne),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Besse — may refer to: * Besse, Cantal, France * Besse, Dordogne, France * Besse, Isère, France * Besse et Saint Anastaise, Puy de Dôme, France ** Super Besse, a ski resort * Besse sur Issole, Var, France * Bessé, Charente, France See also * Georges Besse …   Wikipedia

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