Name = PAGENAME
ICD10 = ICD10|J|66|0|j|60
ICD9 = ICD9|504
MeshID = D002095
Byssinosis, also called "brown lung disease" or "Monday fever", is an
occupational lung diseasecaused by exposure to cottondust in inadequately ventilated working environmentscite journal | last=Hollander | first=AG | title=Byssinosis | journal=Chest | volume=24 | issue=6 | pages=674–678 | publisher=American College of Chest Physicians | date=December 1953 | url=http://www.chestjournal.org/cgi/reprint/24/6/674 | pmid=13107566 | accessdate=2008-01-31 | doi=10.1378/chest.24.6.674 | doi_brokendate=2008-06-23 ] . It is not the cotton dust directly that causes the disease, it is endotoxins that come from the cell walls of gram negative bacteriathat grow on the cotton that cause the disease. It commonly occurs in workers who are employed in yarnand fabric manufacture industries. Brown lung can ultimately result in narrowing of the trachea in the lungs, destruction of lung tissue and death from infection or respiratory failure.
This disease often occurred in the times of the industrial revolution. Most commonly young girls working in mills or other textile factories would be afflicted with this disease.
The term "brown lung" is a misnomer, as the lungs of affected individuals are not brown.
*Snyder, Rachel Louise (2007). "Fugitive Denim: A Moving Story of People and Pants in the Borderless World of Global Trade". W. W. Norton.
* [http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001089.htm NIH]
* [http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec04/ch049/ch049h.html Merck]
* [http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/byssinosis.jsp Health A-Z]
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