—  Comune  —
Comune di Comacchio

Coat of arms
Comacchio is located in Italy
Location of Comacchio in Italy
Coordinates: 44°42′N 12°11′E / 44.7°N 12.183°E / 44.7; 12.183Coordinates: 44°42′N 12°11′E / 44.7°N 12.183°E / 44.7; 12.183
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Ferrara (FE)
Frazioni Lido degli Estensi, Lido degli Scacchi, Lido di Pomposa, Lido di Spina, Porto Garibaldi, San Giuseppe, Lido delle Nazioni, Lido di Volano, Vaccolino, Volania
 - Mayor Maria Cristina Cicognani (since April 2005)
 - Total 283 km2 (109.3 sq mi)
Elevation 1 m (3 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 - Total 23,072
 - Density 81.5/km2 (211.2/sq mi)
Demonym Comacchiesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 44022
Dialing code 0533
Patron saint San Cassiano
Website Official website

Comacchio is a town and comune of Emilia Romagna, Italy, in the province of Ferrara, 48 km from the provincial capital Ferrara.


Comacchio is situated in a lagoon just north of the present mouth of the Reno. It is built on more than thirteen different islets, joined by bridges. The most important wealths of these wetlands are the fish farming and the salt ponds. The seaport of Porto Garibaldi lies 7 km to the east. The wetlands south of the town, the Valli di Comacchio, are classified as a Site of Community Importance and a Special Protection Area in Italy.[1] They are also rated internationally important by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.[2]


After its early occupation by the Etruscans and the Gauls, Comacchio was annexed by Rome. Under Emperor Augustus, who ruled Rome from 27 BCE to 14 CE, a canal was dug to deepen its lagoon.

Comacchio enjoyed prosperity under the Goths and the Lombards, and became the seat of a duchy. When the Franks descended into northern Italy in 756, their king, Pepin the Short, included Comacchio in his famous donation of land to Pope Stephen II, a grant later confirmed by Pepin's son and successor, Charlemagne. In 854 Comacchio was sacked by the Venetians, who destroyed it in 946. The Holy See later acquired the city and presented it to the archbishopric of Ravenna.

In the 13th century, Emperor Rudolph I conferred it on Obizzo IV d'Este of Ferrara. In 1508 it became Venetian, but in 1597 was claimed by Clement VIII as a vacant fief. In 1598 the Papal States again acquired Comacchio and retained it until 1866 when it became a part of the Kingdom of Italy.

Since then, most of the swamp land has disappeared, leaving ground for the expansion of agriculture, and creating new zones for dwellings. Comacchio was once home to a factory for sugar refining, which closed in 1988.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Comacchio — Comacchio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Comacchio — Les canaux de Comacchio Administration …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Comacchio — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Comacchio — • Diocese; suffragan of Ravenna Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Comacchio     Comacchio     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Comacchio — Comacchio, Stadt, so v. w. Commacchio …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Comacchio — (spr. máckjo, das alte Comacula), Kreishauptstadt in der ital. Provinz Ferrara, mitten in der 430 qkm großen Lagune Valli di C., die durch Dämme in zahlreiche Bassins geteilt ist, 5 km vom Adriatischen Meer, Bischofsitz, mit alten Mauern, einer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Comacchio — (spr. akkĭo), feste Stadt in der ital. Prov. Ferrara, in den Valli di C. (den Morästen des Podeltas), mit dem Hafen Magnavacca, (1901) 10.877 E.; Fischzucht …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Comacchio — Original name in latin Comacchio Name in other language Comacchio, Cumaculum, Komakio, Komakk o, ke ma ji ao, komakkio, kwmakyw, Комакио, Комаккьо State code IT Continent/City Europe/Rome longitude 44.6975 latitude 12.18583 altitude 5 Population… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Comacchio — Sp Komãkjas Ap Comacchio L Š Italija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Comacchio piange — Release date(s) 1951 (1951) Country Italy Language Italian Comacchio piange is a 1951 Itali …   Wikipedia

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