Gabriel Lippmann

Gabriel Lippmann

Infobox_Scientist
name = Gabriel Lippmann


image_width = 200px
birth_date = birth date|1845|8|16|mf=y
birth_place = Hollerich, Luxembourg
death_date = death date and age|1921|7|13|1845|8|16
death_place = "SS France", Atlantic Ocean
nationality = France
field = Physics
work_institution = Sorbonne
alma_mater = École Normale
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for = Colour photography
Lippmann plate
Lippmann electrometer
prizes = Nobel Prize for Physics (1908)
religion =
footnotes =

Gabriel Jonas Lippmann (August 16 1845 – July 13 1921) was a Franco-Luxembourgish physicist and inventor, and Nobel laureate in physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference, later known as the Lippmann plate.

He was born to Franco-Jewish parents in Hollerich, Luxemburg. When Gabriel was three, his family moved back to France, to live in Paris, where he was homeschooled.cite web |url=http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1908/lippmann-bio.html |title=Gabriel Lippmann |accessdate=2007-02-12 | publisher=Nobel Foundation]

He is remembered for the innovations that resulted from his search for a direct color-sensitive medium in photography. He was one of the founders of the Institut d'optique théorique et appliquée in France. He also invented an electrometer that was used in the first ECG machine.

Lippmann was a member of the Academy of Sciences from 8 February 1886 until his death, including serving as its President in 1912. [cite web | url=http://www.academie-sciences.fr/membres/in_memoriam/in_memoriam_liste_alphabetique_L.htm | title=Les Membres de l'Académie des sciences depuis sa création (en 1666) | publisher=Académie des sciences | language=French| accessdate=2008-03-01] In addition, he was a Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London, a member of the Bureau des Longitudes, and a member of the Grand Ducal Institute.

Lippmann married the daughter of novelist Victor Cherbuliez in 1888. He died on 13 July 1921 aboard the steamer "France" while en route from Canada. [cite news | author=Staff writers | title=Gabriel Lippman Dies at Sea | url=http://article.archive.nytimes.com/1921/07/14/98713039.pdf?AWSAccessKeyId=0KENS5FNHEZD25CVYR82&Expires=1204350583&
| work=The New York Times | date=14 July 1921 | accessdate=2008-03-01
]

References

External links

* [http://www.nobelprize.org Nobel Foundation]
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=449&letter=L Gabriel Lippmann in Jewish Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.lippmann.lu Centre de Recherche Public - Gabriel Lippmann]

[Category:Alumni of the École Normale Supérieure

Persondata
NAME= Lippmann, Gabriel Jonas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= French physicist
DATE OF BIRTH= August 16, 1845
PLACE OF BIRTH= Hollerich, Luxembourg
DATE OF DEATH= July 13, 1921
PLACE OF DEATH= Atlantic Ocean, travelling from Canada to France


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gabriel Lippmann — (1908) Jonas Ferdinand Gabriel [1] Lippmann (* 16. August 1845 in Bonneweg (Bonnevoie) [2], damals Gemeinde Hollerich, Luxemburg; † 13. Juli 1921 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Lippmann — (n. Hollerich, Luxemburgo, 16 de agosto de 1845 † 13 de julio de 1921). Físico francés. Estudió en la Escuela Normal de París y en las universidades de Heidelberg, Berlín y París. En 1883 fue nombrado profesor de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriel Lippmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance 16 août 1845 Bonnevoie (Luxemb …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabriel Lippmann — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Lippmann — noun French physicist who developed the first color photographic process (1845 1921) • Syn: ↑Lippmann • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gabriel Lippmann — color photography …   Inventors, Inventions

  • Gabriel Jonas Lippmann — Gabriel Lippmann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabriel Lippman — Gabriel Lippmann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lippmann — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Arno Lippmann (1890–1946), SS Obersturmführer, Lagerführer zweier KZ Außenlager bei Kaufering Eberhard Lippmann (* 1939), deutscher Politiker (CDU) Edmund Oskar von Lippmann (1857–1940), Chemiker,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LIPPMANN, GABRIEL — (1845–1921), French physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Though born in Luxembourg, Lippmann spent most of his life in Paris. His association with the Annalesde chimie et de physique, for which he prepared summaries of the articles written in German …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”