The Portraitist

The Portraitist

(Google Books provides hyperlinked "Preview".)] ]

In reviewing the Contact 2008 screening, Fran Schechter observes that "Director Ireneusz Dobrowolski mixes the recollections of the now elderly survivor [Wilhelm Brasse] with a gallery of mug shots and SS portraits and wartime film footage of ghettos and concentration camps." Schechter notes: "Any Holocaust testimony has an impact," but adds: "this film could have delved deeper into the question of why the Nazis made photographs and other documentation of people they considered expendable," and is left wondering: "Were they proud of their savage efficiency, or using photography to normalize their actions?"cite news|url=,36,2008|title=Film Festival Reviews: The Portraitist|work=Now Toronto|format=Web|publisher=Now Communications Inc|date=2008-05-07|accessdate=2008-09-01] Such questions lead to another controversial subject: "the roots of Nazi psychology," the title of a 2000 book by Jay Y. Gonen.cite book|author=Jay Y. Gonen|title=The Roots of Nazi Psychology: Hitler's Utopian Barbarism|publisher=Lexington: U of Kentucky Press, 2000|isbn=978-0-8131-9046-4]

ee also

*Czesława Kwoka
*Expulsion of Poles by Germany
*The Holocaust
*Kidnapping of Polish children by Nazi Germany
*Nazi crimes against ethnic Poles



* [ "Children during the Holocaust"] . "United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Encyclopedia" ("Holocaust Encyclopedia"). Accessed August 28, 2008. (Feature article.)
*Gonen, Jay Y. "The Roots of Nazi Psychology: Hitler's Utopian Barbarism". Lexington: U of Kentucky Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-8131-9046-4. (Rev. by Lebovic, as listed below.)
*Harley, Kevin. [ "Polish Film Festival"] . "The Independent", March 10, 2007. "". Accessed September 1, 2008.
*Kubica, Helena. "The Extermination at KL Auschwitz of Poles Evicted from the Zamość Region in the Years 1942-1943". [ "New Book from Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum: Memorial Book ... The Expulsion of Polish Civilians from the Zamosc Region"] . Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Poland. July 17, 2004. Accessed August 29, 2008. (Press release.)
*–––. " [ Nie wolno o nich zapomnieć/Man darf się nie vergessen Najmłodsze ofiary Auschwitz/Die jüngsten Opfer von Auschwitz] ". Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Publications. Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau w Oświęcimiu, 2002. ISBN 8388526308 (10). ISBN 9788388526305 (13). (Polish-German version.) ["This new album is devoted to the memory of the children deported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp, the majority of whom were murdered in the camp by the Germans or fell victim to the conditions of life in the camp."] Featured in " [ Auschwitz–Birkenau: Memorial and Museum: A Brief History and Basic Facts] ". (Web PDF). Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Poland. 27 pages. (In English.) [Also listed as: "Published by Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau w Oświęcimiu, 2003. 383 pages; text, illustrations, indexes (including "Register of Names": 373–81). 24,5x31cm; Polish-German version."]
*Lebovic, Nitzan. [ Review of "The Roots of Nazi Psychology: Hitler's Utopian Barbarism", by Jay Y. Gonen] . "H-German", "H-Net Reviews" (Humanities and Social Sciences Online), June 2004.
*Lukas, Richard C. " [ Did the Children Cry? Hitler's War against Jewish and Polish Children, 1939-1945] ". New York: Hippocrene Books, 2001. "Project InPosterum: Preserving the Past for the Future", "". Accessed August 28, 2008. (Excerpts from text.)
*–––. "Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles under German Occupation, 1939–1944". 1986. Rev. ed. New York: Hippocrene Books, 2001. ISBN 0781809010 (10). ISBN 978-0781809016 (13). (Rev. by Rooney.)
*" [ Painting Czesława Kwoka] ", by Theresa Edwards (verse) and Lori Schreiner (art) after a series of photographs by Wilhelm Brasse. "AdmitTwo" (a2), [ 19] (September 2007). "". Accessed August 28, 2008.
*"The Portraitist" ("Portrecista", Poland, 2005) – 5th Polish Film Festival Programme. Spiro Ark and the [ Polish Cultural Institute] (UK). West London Synagogue, London. March 19 and April 22, 2007. (In Polish; with English subtitles.)
*Rees, Laurence. " [ Auschwitz: A New History] ". PublicAffairs, 2006. ISBN 1586483579 (10). ISBN 9781586483579 (13). Google Books. Accessed August 29, 2008. (Provides hyperlinked "Preview".) [Companion book for "".]
* [ "Reflecting History: The Portraitist (Portrecista)"] . 2007 Chicago International Documentary Festival, Chicago, Illinois. The Wilmette Theatre, March 30, 2007; Chopin Theatre, April 4, 2007. "" 2007. Accessed September 1, 2008.
*Rooney, David [ "The Forgotten Holocaust: The Poles under German Occupation, 1939-1944"] . "National Review", September 26, 1986. "". Accessed August 29, 2008. (Rev. of Lukas, "Forgotten Holocaust".)
*Schechter, Fran. [,36,2008 "Film Festival Reviews: The Portraitist"] . "Now Toronto" (Now Communications Inc), May 10, 2008.
*Struk, Janina. [ " I will never forget these scenes' "] . "" (Guardian Media Group), January 20, 2005. Accessed August 28, 2008. (Interview with Wilhelm Brasse.)
*–––. " [ Photographing the Holocaust: Interpretations of the Evidence] ". New York and London: I.B.Tauris, 2004. ISBN 1860645461 (10). ISBN 9781860645464 (13). Google Books. Accessed August 29, 2008. (Provides hyperlinked "Preview".)
* [ Words &
] . Curators: Stuart Copans and Arlene Distler. Windham Art Gallery, Brattleboro, Vermont, June 1July 1, 2007. (Exhibition.)
*Zychowicz, Piotr. [ "The Brothels at Auschwitz: A Little-Known Aspect of the History of the Nazi German Camp"] . Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum. Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Poland. Rpt. from "Rzeczpospolita", July 21, 2007. Accessed August 29, 2008. [Includes interview with "Wilhelm Brasse (number 3444), the famous photographer of Auschwitz."]

External links

*" [ Archives] ". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USHMM). (Description of all its archives, including: "A combined catalog of published materials available in the Museum's Library, and unpublished archival materials available in the Museum's Archives. The published materials include books, serials, videos, CDs and other media. The unpublished archival materials include microfilm and microfiche, paper collections, photographs, music, and video and audio tapes." Among "unpublished" photographs in the USHMM searchable online " [ Photo Archives] " are some of Wilhelm Brasse's "identification photographs", featured online with identification of Brasse as the photographer, credit to the "National Auschwitz-Birkenau Museum", identification of individual donors, and/or USHMM copyright notices. Visitors to the site who download any of these archived photographs are directed to contact the USHMM in writing for terms and conditions of use.)
*" [ Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum] ". Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, Poland. English version. (Includes Centre for Education About Auschwitz and the Holocaust.) Further reference: [ "Technical page"] , with credits and copyright notice, pertaining to the official Website and official publications of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.
* [ "Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum Publications: Albums, Catalogues"] . (English version; also available in Polish and German.)
* [ International Tracing Service] – "The International Tracing Service (ITS) in Bad Arolsen serves victims of Nazi persecutions and their families by documenting their fate through the archives it manages. The ITS preserves these historic records and makes them available for research." (Opened to the public in November 2007.)
* [ Photographs of Wilhelm Brasse] on the occasion of "Ein Gespräch mit Erich Hackl, Wilhelm Brasse und Ireneusz Dobrowolski" ("An interview with Erich Hackl, Wilhelm Brasse and Ireneusz Dobrowolski"), moderated by Jacek St. Buras, about "The Portraitist", October 20, 2006, featured in "Deutschsprachige Gegenwartsliteratur in Polen" at "" (Reihe Schritte/Kroki). (Text and captions in German.)
* [ "Portraitist"] ("Portrecista") – Official Webpage of Rekontrplan Film Group (Distributor). Adobe Flash content, including video clip. (Access: >Productions>Documentaries>Portraitist). Television documentary film produced for TVP1, "a television channel owned by TVP (Telewizja Polska S.A.)" [Updated "Events/News" re: screenings at Polish film festivals and awards also on site.] (English and Polish language options.) (Original language of film: Polish. With English subtitles.)
* [ "Resources & Collections: About the Photo Archive"] at Yad Vashem.

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