United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing

The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing is a series of three Thoroughbred horse races for three-year-old horses run in May and early June of each year.

* Kentucky Derby, run over 1 and 1/4 miles (2.01 km) at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky;
* Preakness Stakes, run over 1 and 3/16 miles (1.91 km) at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, Maryland;
* Belmont Stakes, run over 1 and 1/2 miles (2.41 km) at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York.

The Triple Crown starts with The Kentucky Derby on the first Saturday of May. The Preakness follows two weeks later. The Belmont Stakes is three weeks after The Preakness in early June. In the U.S., the term "Triple Crown" is the usual reference for these three horse races, a term shared with a hitter who leads his league in home runs, batting average, and runs batted in during a single Major League Baseball regular season.

While Daily Racing Form writer Charles Hatton is commonly credited with originating the term to reference these races in 1930, they were referred to by that name at least as early as 1923. [ [http://therail.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/04/24/origins-of-triple-crown/ Origins of Triple Crown - The Rail - Sports - New York Times Blog ] ]

In the more-than-100-year history of the U.S. events, only 11 horses have ever won the U.S. Triple Crown; none since 1978:

History

Also rans

As of June 7, 2008, the current period of 30 years, since Affirmed won in 1978, is the longest drought between Triple Crown winning horses. Since 1978, eleven horses have won both the Kentucky Derby and the Preakness Stakes. Of those, Real Quiet has come the closest to winning the Triple Crown, losing the Belmont Stakes by a nose in 1998. Charismatic led the Belmont in the final furlong in 1999 but broke his left front leg in the final stretch and fell back to third. The four most recent to win the Kentucky Derby contest and the Preakness but lose the Belmont were War Emblem in 2002, Funny Cide in 2003, Smarty Jones in 2004, and Big Brown in 2008. War Emblem tripped at the start of the Belmont, Funny Cide lost the Belmont in the slop to fresh horses, Smarty Jones lost by only a length, and Big Brown, who ran so well at the Derby and Preakness, seemed out of sorts at Belmont, finishing last. In addition, several horses have won two of the three races since the last Triple Crown win, most recently Afleet Alex in 2005, who lost the Kentucky Derby but won the Preakness and Belmont.

Only one horse, Alydar, has placed (second place) in all three races. He was defeated by Affirmed in all three races in 1978 by a combined margin of two lengths. In addition, Mane Minister finished third in each race in 1991, and Hawkster finished fifth in each race in 1989.

2006 was the first time since 2000 that three different horses won the races: Barbaro won the Kentucky Derby (but then suffered an eventually fatal injury during the Preakness), Bernardini won the Preakness, and Jazil won the Belmont Stakes. It happened again in 2007, with Street Sense winning the Kentucky Derby, Curlin winning the Preakness and the filly Rags to Riches winning the Belmont. Rags to Riches is 2006 Belmont winner Jazil's half sister.

Gallant Fox is the only triple crown winner to sire another triple crown winner, Omaha.

ponsorship

As of May 21, 2005, the VISA Credit Card company officially withdrew its sponsorship of the U.S. Triple Crown, effective in 2006.Fact|date=August 2007 It relieves VISA of paying the $5 million bonus to the owner of the horse that wins the Triple Crown. Triple Crown Productions has sponsored the races since 2006. The $5 million bonus remains intact.

SomeWho|date=January 2008 believe VISA withdrew its sponsorship as a result of the New York Racing Association's decision to break with the other two tracks on a television contract. On October 42004, NYRA announced that the American Broadcasting Company and ESPN would hold television rights to the Belmont Stakes, breaking from Triple Crown Productions' deal with NBC SportsFact|date=August 2007. NBC Sports holds the broadcasting rights to the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes until 2010. Triple Crown Productions was formed in 1986 with ABC; prior to that, the individual racing associations made their own deals with the TV networks (ABC and CBS).

There also is a Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing in the United States, open to 3-year old fillies.

External link:
* [http://www.thetriplecrownchallenge.com/ The Triple Crown Challenge]
* [http://tcm.bloodhorse.com/index.asp/ BloodHorse.com Triple Crown Mania]
*"The Most Glorious Crown: The Story Of America's Triple Crown Thoroughbreds From Sir Barton To Affirmed" by Marvin Drager. (2005) Triumph Books (ISBN 1-57243-724-3)

ee also:

* Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
* Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing — The Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing (although sometimes shortened to Triple Crown , the full name is used to avoid possible confusion with other sports) consists of three races for three year old thoroughbred horses. Winning all three of… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing — The Canadian Triple Crown is a series of three Thoroughbred horse races run annually in Canada which is open to three year old horses foaled in Canada. Established in 1959, the series is unique in that it shares the same distances as its American …   Wikipedia

  • American Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing — The Triple Tiara of Thoroughbred Racing, formerly known as the Filly Triple Crown, is a set of horse races in the United States which is open to three year old fillies. Until recently, the three races that compose the series are The Acorn Stakes …   Wikipedia

  • Triple Crown — The term Triple Crown may refer to:In horse racing: *Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing, the most common meaning of Triple Crown in the United States *United States Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing *Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred… …   Wikipedia

  • United States Hotel Stakes — Horseraces infobox class = Defunct horse race = United States Hotel Stakes caption = location = Saratoga Race Course Saratoga Springs, New York flagicon|USA inaugurated = 1880 race type = Thoroughbred Flat racing website = distance = 6 furlongs… …   Wikipedia

  • National Thoroughbred Racing Association Moment of the Year — The National Thoroughbred Racing Association Moment of the Year award, begun in 1999, celebrates or honors one moment that occurred during a given year that most exemplifies the sport of Thoroughbred horse racing in the United States. Unlike all… …   Wikipedia

  • Champagne Stakes (United States) — Grade I race Champagne Stakes Location Belmont Park Elmont, New York, United States Inaugurated 1867 Race type Thoroughbred Flat racing …   Wikipedia

  • Thoroughbred horse racing — is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of Thoroughbred horses. It is governed by different national bodies. There are two forms of the sport: Flat racing and National Hunt racing. National Hunt racing can be further divided into… …   Wikipedia

  • Thoroughbred horse race — Thoroughbred horse racing is a worldwide sport and industry involving the racing of thoroughbred horses. It is governed by different national bodies. There are two forms of the sport: flat racing and jump racing. Jump racing can be further… …   Wikipedia

  • Thoroughbred — For other uses, see Thoroughbred (disambiguation). Thoroughbred Thoroughbred race horse Distinguishing features …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”