Joachim Barrande

Joachim Barrande

Infobox Scientist
name = PAGENAME
box_width =


image_width =150px
caption = PAGENAME
birth_date = August 11, 1799
birth_place = Saugues, Haute Loire
death_date = October 5, 1883
death_place = Frohsdorf
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = French
ethnicity =
field = geology palaeontology
work_institutions =
alma_mater = École Polytechnique
doctoral_advisor =
doctoral_students =
known_for =
author_abbrev_bot =
author_abbrev_zoo =
influences =
influenced =
prizes =
religion =
footnotes =

Joachim Barrande (August 11, 1799 - October 5, 1883) was a French geologist and palaeontologist.

Barrande was born at Saugues, Haute Loire, and educated in the École Polytechnique at Paris. Although he had received the training of an engineer, his first appointment was that of tutor to the duc de Bordeaux (afterwards known as the comte de Chambord), grandson of Charles X, and when the king abdicated in 1830, Barrande accompanied the royal exiles to England and Scotland, and afterwards to Prague. Settling in that city in 1831, he became occupied in engineering works, and his attention was then attracted to the fossils from the Lower Palaeozoic rocks of Bohemia.

The publication in 1839 of "Murchison's Silurian System" incited Barrande to carry on systematic researches on the equivalent strata in Bohemia. For ten years (1840—1850) he made a detailed study of these rocks, engaging workmen specially to collect fossils, and in this way he obtained upwards of 3500 species of graptolites, brachiopoda, mollusca, trilobites and fishes. The first volume of his great work, "Système silurien du centre de la Bohême" (dealing with trilobites, several genera, including "Deiphon", which he personally described), appeared in 1852; and from that date until 1881, he issued twenty-one quarto volumes of text and plates. Two other volumes were issued after his death in 1887 and 1894. It is estimated that he spent nearly £10,000 on these works. In addition he published a large number of separate papers. In recognition of his important researches the Geological Society of London in 1857 awarded to him the Wollaston medal.

He was a fervent advocate of the theory of the catastrophes (as taught by Georges Cuvier), thus opposing Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. He also wrote a five-volume book on the defense of his theory of so-called "colonies", presuming that the cause of the presence of fossils typical for one layer surrounded by those typical for another is atectonical. He tended to name those colonies with names of his scientific adversaries.

Barrande died at Frohsdorf on October 5, 1883.

The district of Prague, "Barrandov", was named in honor of the scientist on February 24, 1928.

References

*Citation
id = PMID:17782936
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17782936
publication-date=1883 Dec 7
year=1883
title=JOACHIM BARRANDE.
volume=2
issue=44
periodical=Science
pages=727-729
doi = 10.1126/science.ns-2.44.727

*Citation
id = PMID:17730762
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17730762
publication-date=1883 Nov 30
year=1883
title=JOACHIM BARRANDE.
volume=2
issue=43
periodical=Science
pages=669-701
doi = 10.1126/science.ns-2.43.669

*1911

External links

* [http://www.trilobit.biz/joachim.html Detailed biography]
* [http://nts2.cgu.cz/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/SVET_GEOLOGIE/OSOBNOSTI/BARRANDE/JOACHIM_BARRANDE.HTM Detailed biography (in Czech, with details of his stay in Bohemia)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joachim Barrande — (11 août 1799 – 5 octobre 1883) est un géologue et paléontologue français. Sommaire 1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joachim Barrande — Joachim Barrande. Joachim Barrande (* 11. August 1799 in Saugues, Haute Loire, Frankreich; † 5. Oktober 1883 in Frohsdorf, Niederösterreich) war ein französischer Geologe, Paläontologe und Ingenieur. Nach dem Erforscher der Trilobiten wurde der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim Barrande —     Joachim Barrande     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Joachim Barrande     French palæontologist, b. at Sangues (Haute Loire), 11 August, 1799; d. at Frohsdorff, near Vienna, 5 October, 1883. He was educated at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris and… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Barrande — Joachim Barrande. Joachim Barrande (* 11. August 1799 in Saugues, Haute Loire, Frankreich; † 5. Oktober 1883 in Frohsdorf, Niederösterreich) war ein französischer Geologe, Paläontologe und Ingenieur. Nach dem Erforscher der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joachim — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Joachim et Saint Joachim. Joachim est un nom propre qui peut désigner  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barrande, Joachim — • French palæontologist (1799 1883) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Barrande — (spr. barāngd ), Joachim, Baron von, Paläontolog und Geolog, geb. 1799 zu Saugues im Depart. Oberloire, gest. 5. Okt. 1883 in Schloß Frohsdorf, studierte auf der polytechnischen Schule zu Paris, war dann Erzieher des Grafen Chambord (Heinrichs… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barrande — (spr. ángd), Joachim, Paläontolog, geb. 1799 zu Saugues (Dep. Haute Loire), lebte in Prag, gest. 5. Okt. 1883 in Schloß Frohsdorf, erforschte die Silurische Formation Böhmens …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Barrande, Joachim — ▪ French geologist born Aug. 11, 1799, Saugues, Fr. died Oct. 5, 1883, Frohsdorf, Austria       geologist and paleontologist whose studies of the fossil strata of Bohemia revealed the abundance and rich variety of life in the Early Paleozoic era… …   Universalium

  • Gioacchino — Joachim Joachim est un prénom qui provient de l hébreu et qui signifie YHVH a établi. Sommaire 1 Variantes 2 Joachim comme nom de personne ou prénom 2.1 Saints …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”