- Joachim Barrande
name = PAGENAME
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August 11, 1799
Saugues, Haute Loire
October 5, 1883
nationality = French
Joachim Barrande (
August 11, 1799- October 5, 1883) was a French geologistand palaeontologist.
Barrande was born at
Saugues, Haute Loire, and educated in the École Polytechniqueat Paris. Although he had received the training of an engineer, his first appointment was that of tutor to the duc de Bordeaux (afterwards known as the comte de Chambord), grandson of Charles X, and when the king abdicated in 1830, Barrande accompanied the royal exiles to Englandand Scotland, and afterwards to Prague. Settling in that city in 1831, he became occupied in engineering works, and his attention was then attracted to the fossils from the Lower Palaeozoicrocks of Bohemia.
The publication in 1839 of "Murchison's
SilurianSystem" incited Barrande to carry on systematic researches on the equivalent strata in Bohemia. For ten years (1840—1850) he made a detailed study of these rocks, engaging workmen specially to collect fossils, and in this way he obtained upwards of 3500 species of graptolites, brachiopoda, mollusca, trilobitesand fishes. The first volume of his great work, "Système silurien du centre de la Bohême" (dealing with trilobites, several genera, including " Deiphon", which he personally described), appeared in 1852; and from that date until 1881, he issued twenty-one quarto volumes of text and plates. Two other volumes were issued after his death in 1887 and 1894. It is estimated that he spent nearly £10,000 on these works. In addition he published a large number of separate papers. In recognition of his important researches the Geological Society of Londonin 1857 awarded to him the Wollaston medal.
He was a fervent advocate of the theory of the catastrophes (as taught by
Georges Cuvier), thus opposing Charles Darwin's theory of evolution. He also wrote a five-volume book on the defense of his theory of so-called "colonies", presuming that the cause of the presence of fossils typical for one layer surrounded by those typical for another is atectonical. He tended to name those colonies with names of his scientific adversaries.
Barrande died at
Frohsdorfon October 5, 1883.
The district of
Prague, " Barrandov", was named in honor of the scientist on February 24, 1928.
publication-date=1883 Dec 7
doi = 10.1126/science.ns-2.44.727
publication-date=1883 Nov 30
doi = 10.1126/science.ns-2.43.669
* [http://www.trilobit.biz/joachim.html Detailed biography]
* [http://nts2.cgu.cz/pls/portal30/docs/FOLDER/SVET_GEOLOGIE/OSOBNOSTI/BARRANDE/JOACHIM_BARRANDE.HTM Detailed biography (in Czech, with details of his stay in Bohemia)]
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