Finishing (textiles)

Finishing (textiles)

In textile manufacturing, finishing refers to any process performed on yarn or fabric after weaving to improve the look, performance, or "hand" (feel) of the finished textile.Kadolph, "Textiles", p. 330-341] Some finishing techniques, such as fulling, have been in use with hand-weaving for centuries; others such as mercerization are by-products of the Industrial Revolution.

Type of fabric finishing include:

* Bleaching to remove color
* Calendaring
* Dyeing to add color
* Fulling or "waulking" to add weight and density
* Mercerizing
* Pressing
* Printing to add color and pattern
* Scouring (washing with detergents, alkaline solutions, or enzymes to remove foreign matter)
* Shearing or singeing to smooth the fabric
* Watering to add moiré patterns
* Weighting silk with metallic salts to add weight and improve hang

Special-purpose finishes may also be added to fabrics to resist wrinkles, repel stains or water, or reduce flammability. [Kadolph, "Textiles" p. 361-379]



* Kadolph, Sara J., ed.: "Textiles", 10th edition, Pearson/Prentice-Hall, 2007, ISBN 0-13-118769-4, p. 63

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