Cephalic is a term of, in, or relating to the cephalon, or head. The term is derived from the Old French word "cephalique", from Latin "cephalicus", and from Greek "kephalikos" (which comes from the word "kephalē", meaning "head"). cite book | title=Oxford American Dictionary | work=Oxford University Press | accessdate=2008-07-30]

In some arthropods, especially trilobites (pictured at right), the cephalon, or cephalic region, is the region of the head composed of fused segments. cite book | title=Oxford American Dictionary | work=Oxford University Press | accessdate=2008-07-30]

Cephalic Disorders

Cephalic disorders are inborn afflictions which result from "damage to, or abnormal development of, the budding nervous system." Some of the more common Cephalic Disorders include:

* Anencephaly
* Colpocephaly
* Holoprosencephaly
* Hydranencephaly
* Iniencephaly
* Lissencephaly
* Megalencephaly
* Microcephaly
* Porencephaly
* Schizencephaly

Among the other, less common cephalies are:

* Acephaly
* Exencephaly
* Macrocephaly
* Micrencephaly
* Octocephaly
* Brachycephaly
* Oxycephaly
* Plagiocephaly
* Scaphocephaly
* Trigonocephaly

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) is currently "conducting and supporting research on normal and abnormal brain and nervous system development." cite web | title=Cephalic Disorders Fact Sheet | work=The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) | url=http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cephalic_disorders/detail_cephalic_disorders.htm | accessdate=2008-07-30]


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  • cephalic — cephalic; cym·bo·cephalic; lis·sen·cephalic; oto·cephalic; platy·cephalic; pro·cephalic; pyr·go·cephalic; steno·cephalic; mi·cro·cephalic; or·tho·cephalic; bi·cephalic; cyn·o·cephalic; …   English syllables

  • Cephalic — Ce*phal ic, a. [L. cephalicus, Gr. ?, fr. kefalh head: cf. F. c[ e]phalique.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the head. See the Note under {Anterior}. [1913 Webster] {Cephalic index} (Anat.), the ratio of the breadth of the cranium to the length,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cephalic — Ce*pha lic, n. A medicine for headache, or other disorder in the head. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cephalic — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the head. ORIGIN from Greek kephal head …   English terms dictionary

  • -cephalic — [sə fal′ik] combining form forming adjectives having a (specified) kind of head or number of heads; CEPHALOUS [macrocephalic] …   English World dictionary

  • cephalic — [sə fal′ik] adj. [L cephalicus < Gr kephalikos < kephalē, head < IE base * ghebhel , head, peak > GABLE, MHG gebel, skull] 1. of the head, skull, or cranium 2. in, on, near, or toward the head cephalically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Cephalic — Relating to the head or the head end of the body. Situated on, in, or near the head. Cephalic is synonymous with cranial, relating to the cranium or head. The word cephalic came from the Middle French céphalique, from the Latin cephalicus , from… …   Medical dictionary

  • cephalic — adjective / sɪfæl ɪk/ a) Of or referring to the head; headlike b) Of, or pertaining to, the cephalon Ant: caudal See Also: cephalo , cephalic …   Wiktionary

  • cephalic —   a. pertaining to head.    ♦ cephalic index, 100 times maximum breadth of skull divided by maximum length.    ♦ cephalad, adv. towards head.    ♦ cephalate, a. having a head …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • cephalic — adj. of or in the head. Phrases and idioms: cephalic index Anthropol. a number expressing the ratio of a head s greatest breadth and length. Etymology: F ceacutephalique f. L cephalicus f. Gk kephalikos f. kephale head …   Useful english dictionary

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