- Gao Yu
Gao Yu (
1944[ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes_IPIReport2.00/17Gao.htm International Press Institute] ] ) is a Chinese journalist.
Her career started in
1979, as a reporter for the China News Service [ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes_IPIReport2.00/17Gao.htm International Press Institute (en inglés)] ] . In 1988, she became in deputy chief editor of "Economics Weekly", edited by dissident intellectuals. [ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes_IPIReport2.00/17Gao.htm International Press Institute] ] She also worked as a freelance journalist for different newspapers in Chinaand in Hong Kong. In November 1988, she published an article in Hong Kong’s "Mirror Monthly", which was described by Beijing’s Mayor as a «political program for turmoil and rebellion». Even, he branded her as a «people’s enemy». [ [http://www.freemedia.at/Heroes_IPIReport2.00/17Gao.htm International Press Institute (en inglés)] ] She was arrested in 1989, after Tiananmen Square protests, [ [http://www.iwmf.org/press/9532 IWMF, Gao Yu's Courage Acceptance Speech] ] and she was released 15 months later because of health problems. [ [http://archive.amnesty.org/library/Index/ESLASA170051995?open&of=ESL-316 Amnistía Internacional, 4 de febrero de 1995, Preocupación médica (in Spanish)] ] She was arrested again in October 1993, and was sentenced to six years accused of having «published state secrets» in November 1994. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/279946.stm BBC] ] [ [http://www.hrw.org/summaries/s.china957.html HRW, "Leaking State Secrets": The Case of Gao Yu] ]
February 1999, she was given parole in poor health. [ [http://asiapacific.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA170161999?open&of=ENG-2S2 AI, 4 February 1999, Gao Yu: People's Republic of China] ] [ [http://www.ifex.org/fr/content/view/full/24087/ IFEX, 16 February 1999, La journaliste chinoise Gao Yu est libérée pour raisons médicales (in French)] ]
March 1999, she became the first journalist who received the UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize[ [http://portal.unesco.org/ci/en/ev.php-URL_ID=5709&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html UNESCO] ] . She had received already the Golden Pen of Freedomin 1995.
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