Wuhu (zh-sp|s=芜湖|p=Wúhú; literally "Weedy Lake") is a
prefecture-level cityin the southeastern Anhuiprovince, People's Republic of China. Sitting on the southeast bank of the Yangtze River, Wuhu borders Xuanchengto the southeast, Chizhouand Tonglingto the southwest, Chaohuto the northwest, Ma'anshanto the northeast, and the province of Jiangsuto the east.
prefecture-level cityof Wuhu administers 7 county-level divisions, including 4 districts and 3 counties.
Wuhu is known to have been inhabited since at least
770 BCE. It became a strategically important town during the Three Kingdomsperiod (220 BC-65 AD), when it was controlled by the Eastern Wu. At this time it was known as Qiuzu (Chiu-tzu). Under the Ming dynastyWuhu developed into a major commercial center and river port, and since that time has been known as a center of the rice trade.
1644, the Hongguang Emperor (better known as the Prince of Fu), one of the last emperors of the Ming Dynasty, was captured by forces of the new Qing Dynastyin Wuhu. The city became a treaty portin 1876and has remained a commercial center since that time. The city's Roman Catholiccathedral, St. Joseph Cathedral (圣若瑟主教座堂), dates from this time.
Trade in rice, wood, and tea flourished at Wuhu until the Warlord Era of the 1920s and 1930s, when bandits were active in the area. Under the Japanese occupation in the
Second World War, Chinese resistance fighters hid in the lakes around Wuhu, by submerging themselves and breathing through reeds.
Major industries only began to be developed in Wuhu after the Second World War, with the development of the textile industry, paper mills, and a large automobile factory. Despite this, Wuhu has lagged behind
Ma'anshanand Tonglingin industrial production, and remains primarily a commercial and collecting center for trade in rice, silk, cotton, tea, wheat and eggs.
The great poet
Li Baispent his late life in Wuhu, it is said, due to its striking landscape. Li Baiwas born in a Central Asian town and raised in the southwestern China. Xie Tiao, one of the most distinctive Six Dynastypoets whom he greatly admired, left many poems when holding positions here.
Tang dynasty(619-907), the poet Du Muwrote a famous poem "Thoughts on Staying Again at Wuhu". A factory in Wuhu carries on the local craft of making wrought ironpictures. Other local handicrafts are embossed lacquerwareand rice straw pith patchwork. A famous stone tablet in Wuhu recording local events of the Song dynastyperiod (ca. 1000 AD) is considered to be a masterpiece of the renowned calligrapher Mi Fu. In the Western world, Wuhu is now known as the home city to many adopted Chinese children.
An itinerant blacksmith named
Tang Tianchiis reputed to have invented the wrought-iron picture in Wuhu, when a painter whom he admired chided him, "You will never make pictures by beating iron."
Another blacksmith of the
Spring and Autumn period(770-476 BC) named Gan Jiangwas famous for sword making. Zhe Shan (Reddish Brown Hill) is said to get its colour from the flames of Gan Jiang's furnace. Sheng Shan (Sacred Hill) is the legendary location of his sword grinding rock and tempering pool.
Anqingare noted centers of the Yanjiang cuisine. It specializes in freshwater fish and poultry, and features special techniques of chopping, shaping, and colouring. The flavour of Yanjiang dishes is often enhanced by sweetening and smoking.
*Mirror Lake (镜湖)
*Jiu Zi Plaza (鸠兹广场）
Mount Zhe, a hill park（赭山）
Wuhu Olympic Stadium（奥林匹克体育场）
*Yangtze River Bridge Crossing（长江大桥）
Anhui Normal University(安徽师笵大学)
Anhui University of Technology and Science(安徽工程科技学院)
Wannan Medical College(皖南医学院)
Wuhu Radio and TV University(芜湖广播电视大学)
Wuhu Vocational Institute of Technology
Xiao Yuncong(1596 - 1673), Ming Dynastypainter
Zhao Wei(b. 1976), Actress
* 229 metre tall pylons of
Yangtze River Crossing Wuhu, a part of HVDC Three Gorges-Changzhou. Tallest pylons used for HVDC.
Orphanage and nursing home
For a time starting around 1995, all of the children from Wuhu Orphanage were given the Chinese surname Wu, but more recently other surnames have been used. The children's given names are based on a variety of sources, such as the street, location or time of day when they are found, or sometimes a wish for their well being, such as using the word "bridge" in the name of a child with a cleft palate. [Barbara Jones, [http://fwcc.org/smallhappiness.html "A Small Happiness"] , "
Good Housekeeping", December 1994]
* [http://www.wuhu.gov.cn Government website of Wuhu] (available in Chinese, English and Japanese)
* [http://annatam.com/study-chinese-in-a-little-known-china-city-2/ Wuhu Blog]
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