Feuillant (monks)

Feuillant (monks)

The Feuillants were monks of the Cistercian order who established an abbey in the (later) diocese of Rieux in 1145.

The abbey was named Notre-Dame-des-Feuillants and the name came to be applied to the monks too. Pope Gregory XIII established the Feuillants as a separate congregation in 1589 under their reformist abbot Jean de la Barrière. While reforming the Feuillants he abolished fish and eggs from the feuillant eating regiment. The Feuillants also slept on the floor and ate on the floor. They held manual labor and silence in honour. They were given two monasteries in Rome and in 1630 the order was divided into two branches, the French as the Feuillants and the Italians as the Reformed Bernardines. The Feuillants were suppressed in 1791 and the Bernardines later merged with the Order of Citeaux.


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