- Adobe Illustrator
name = Adobe Illustrator
caption = Adobe Illustrator CS3 running on
Mac OS X
latest release version = CS4 (14.0)
latest release date = release date and age|2008|09|23
latest preview version =
latest preview date =
programming language =
operating system =
Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows
Vector graphics editor
license = Proprietary
website = [http://www.adobe.com/products/illustrator/ Adobe Illustrator Homepage]
Adobe Illustrator is a vector-based drawing program developed and marketed by
Adobe Illustrator was first developed for the Apple
Macintoshin 1986(shipping in January 1987) as a commercialization of Adobe's in-house font development softwareand PostScriptfile format. Adobe Illustrator is the companion product of Adobe Photoshop. Photoshop is primarily geared toward digital photo manipulation and photorealistic styles of computer illustration, while Illustrator provides results in the typesettingand logographic areas of design. Early magazine ads (featured in graphic design trade magazines such as " Communication Arts") referred to the product as "the Adobe Illustrator". Illustrator 88 was released in 1988 and introduced many new tools and features. [ [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eNLFXKyCy0A Illustrator 88 demonstration video] ]
Although Adobe developed Illustrator primarily for the Macintosh during its first decade, it sporadically supported other platforms. In the early 1990s, Adobe released versions of Illustrator for
NeXT, Silicon Graphics IRIX, and Sun Solaris platforms, but they were discontinued due to poor market acceptance. The first version of Illustrator for Microsoft Windows, version 2.0, was released in early 1989, but it was a flop. The next Windows version, version 4.0, was widely criticized as being too similar to Illustrator 1.1 instead of the Macintosh 3.0 version, and certainly not the equal of Windows' most popular illustration package CorelDraw. (Note that there were no versions 2.0 or 4.0 for the Macintosh - although the second release for the Mac was titled Illustrator 88 - the year of its release.) Version 4 was, however the first version of Illustrator to support editing in preview mode, which did not appear in a Macintosh version until 5.0 in 1993.
With the introduction of Illustrator 6 in
1996, Adobe made critical changes in the user interface with regards to path editing (and also to converge on the same user interfaceas Adobe Photoshop), and many users opted not to upgrade. Illustrator also began to support TrueType, making the "font wars" between PostScript Type 1 and TrueType largely moot. Like Photoshop, Illustrator also began supporting plug-ins, greatly and quickly extending its abilities.
With true ports of the Macintosh versions to Windows starting with version 7 in
1997, designers could finally standardize on Illustrator. Coreldid port CorelDRAW6.0 to the Macintosh in late 1996, but it was received as too little, too late. Aldusported FreeHandto Windows but it was not the equal of Illustrator.Fact|date=October 2008 Adobe bought Aldus in 1994 for PageMaker, and as part of the transaction it sold FreeHand to Macromedia(which was later acquired by Adobe). Clarifying difference in strengths between Photoshop and Illustratorwith the rise of the Internet, Illustrator was enhanced to support Web publishing, rasterization previewing, PDF, and SVG. Version 9 included a tracing feature, similar to that within Adobe's discontinued product Streamline.
Illustrator CS2 (version 12) to reflect its integration with the
Adobe Creative Suite, was available for both the Mac OS Xand Microsoft Windowsoperating systems. It was the last version for the Mac which did not run natively on both Inteland PowerPCprocessors. Illustrator CS was the first version to include 3-dimensional capabilities allowing users to extrude or revolve shapes to create simple 3D objects.
Among the new features included in Illustrator CS2 were Live Trace, Live Paint, a control palette and custom workspaces. Live Trace allows for the conversion of bitmap imagery into vector art and improved upon the previous tracing abilities. Live Paint allows users more flexibility in applying color to objects, specifically those that overlap.
CS3 included interface updates to the Control Bar, the ability to align individual points, multiple Crop Areas, the Color Guide panel and the Live Color feature among others.
CS4 is set to be released in October of 2008. It features a variety of improvements to old tools along with the introduction of a few brand new tools. The ability to create Multiple Artboards is one of CS4’s main additions. The Artboards allow you to create multiple versions of a piece of work within a single document. Other tools include the Blob Brush, which allows you to make a more natural paint brush stroke (reminiscent of Microsoft paint or other non-vector drawing programs) which then becomes vectorized, and a new gradient tool that allows for more in depth manipulation of colors.
Starting with version 1.0, Adobe chose to license an image of
Sandro Botticelli's "The Birth of Venus" from the Bettmann Archiveand use the portion containing Venus' face as Illustrator's branding image. Warnock desired a Renaissance image to evoke his vision of Postscript as a new Renaissance in publishing, and Adobe employee Luanne Seymour Cohen, who was responsible for the early marketing material, found Venus' flowing tresses a perfect vehicle for demonstrating Illustrator's strength in tracing smooth curves over bitmap source images. Over the years the rendition of this image on Illustrator's splash screen and packaging became more stylized to reflect features added in each version.
The image of Venus was replaced (albeit still accessible via easter egg) in Illustrator CS (11.0) and CS2 (12.0) by a stylized flower to conform to the Creative Suite's nature imagery. [ [http://www.creativepro.com/story/feature/22837.html?cprose=8-01 Inside CS2: MetaDesign Shares Its Secrets | CreativePro.com ] ] In CS3, Adobe changed the suite branding once again, to simple colored blocks with two-letter abbreviations, resembling a
periodic table of elements. [ [http://veerle.duoh.com/blog/comments/the_new_adobe_icons_and_branding The new Adobe icons and branding | Veerle's blog ] ] Illustrator was represented by the letters Ai in white against an orange background (oranges and yellows were prominent color schemes in Illustrator branding going back as far as version 4.0). The CS4 icon looks identical, except for the letters which are dark gray in color.
Internationalization and localization
Adobe Illustrator CS4 is available in the following languages: Arabic (Middle Eastern version), Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, French, French (Canadian), German, Greek, Hebrew (Middle Eastern version), Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Spanish (Latin American), Swedish, Turkish,Indonesia, Ukrainian.Adobe Illustrator Middle Eastern language versions available from WinSoft. [ [http://www.winsoft.eu/products_solutions/adobe-illustratorCS3.php Adobe Illustrator - Explore new paths with the essential vector tool, enhanced features for Central and East European and Middle Eastern Users ] ] .
pecific Features for Arabic and Hebrew languages
The Middle Eastern/Hebrew and the Middle Eastern/Arabic versions are specifically developed for Arabic and Hebrew languages.
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions come with special settings for typing and laying out Arabic or Hebrew text, such as:
* Possibility to use Arabic, Persian or
* Use kashidas for letter spacing and full justification
* Set vowels /diacritics positioning
* Ligature option
* Justify text in three possible ways: Standard, Arabic, Naskh
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions support most fonts shipped with the OS as well as a large number of third party fonts widely used by graphic designers in the Middle Eastern regions.
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions install one additional font that facilitates your work in Middle Eastern languages: WinSoft Pro, which is available in four styles: Medium, Medium Italic, Bold and Bold Italic.
Bi-directional Text flow
In Illustrator Middle Eastern versions, the notion of right-to-left behaviour applies to several objects: Story, Paragraph and Character. You can easily mix Right-to-Left and Left-to-Right Words, Paragraphs and Stories in a document.
Dictionary and Hyphenation Module
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions come with a comprehensive dictionary for Arabic allowing you to spell check Arabic text with a choice of rules, like Strict Aleef Hamza, Strict Final Yaa, both or none.
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions come with a Dictionary and Hyphenation Module for Hebrew.
Find / Replace
You can search for and change specific occurrences of Middle Eastern text. Illustrator Middle Eastern versions include a "Ignore Accent" option. When checked, the user can search for a string of text whether it contains some accents or not.
Import/Export Options for ME characters
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions include improved import and export options for RTF, Unicode, Word, Freehand, CorelDraw, PDF, SVG, PSD, EPS, EMF and DXF/DWG files including Middle Eastern text.
Encodings has been added for Middle Eastern characters to facilitate text import and export, Save for Web and DXF/DWG file import.
Freehand Hebrew text
Illustrator Middle Eastern versions come with an enhanced filter to import Macromedia Freehand Hebrew files.
The Middle Eastern versions are also available for
Adobe Acrobat, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe InDesign, Adobe InCopy, Adobe Dreamweaverand for Adobe Creative Suite(Design Standard, Design Premium, Web Premium).
List of vector graphics editors
Comparison of vector graphics editors
*.AI file format
* [http://www.adobe.com/products/illustrator/ Official page]
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